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Weaves, Variants, Hybrids, Etc. (922)

[JAPANESE] | [EUROPEAN] | [PERSIAN] | [SPIRAL] | [MAGE] | [EXTENDED]
Hybrid | Band | Scaled | King | Berus | Rhino | Cube | Captive Chain | Tube | Tri

Bore Worm | Borealis | Box | Byzantine | Candy Cane Cord | Celtic | Conundrum
Corduroy | Coyote | Dragonscale | Elf | Fire Wyrm | Full Persian | GSG | Half Persian
Harvest Moon | Helm | Hilt | Hoodoo | Hourglass | Ice Wyrm | Interwoven | Jens Pind
Mobius | Moorish Rose | Oops | Orbital Hex Cage | Persian Dragonscale | Roundmaille
Sweetpea | Syringa | Tiffany | Tri-Force | Trinitymaille | Turkish | Viperscale | Voodoo
------- Alphabetical Listing / AR Legend -------

Japanese (7)

Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced | Extended

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
(Minimum AR Article), (2)
2 in 1 Chain (2-1C)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese, etc. chain 1 2.0
(+0.4=J4-1Cube)
(+0.6=4-2C)
  2.1 - 3.0+ 2.1
3.0
Basic foundation of all chainmail weaves. Kings as 4-2C. Is captivated as 2-1CC4-2C. Orbits as O2-1C, Orbit2-1C. Reinforces as Tao 3, NT3 units. Is "HP2-1" (when arranged accordingly). See also Shaggy Loops.
(Tutorial)
4 in 2 Chain 2 in 1 Chain Captive 4 in 2 Chain Orbital 2 in 1 Chain (O1) Half Persian 2 in 1 (unstable) Shaggy Loops
  (Square Sheet)+++++++++++                
Japanese 4 in 1 (J4-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese square sheet 2 (2.0, 2.4) (2.0, 2.4) (2.1, 2.5)+ 2.0, 2.4
2WD
2-1C square sheet expansion. Origin of basic square grid tessellation. Large rings pass through 4, small through 2. Kings as J8-2. Orbits as OJ4-1. Dimensionalizes as J4-1Cube. Foundation of Japanorb, Cross Stitch, 2-1CCPS.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4)
Japanese 8 in 2 Orbital Japanese 4 in 1 Japanorb Cross Stitch 2 in 1 Chain Captive Parallel Sheet
  (Dimensional)++++++++                
Japanese 4 in 1 Cube
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese dimensional 1 2.4
(+1.4=J8-2Cube)
2.4 - 2.5 2.5 - 2.7 2.5
J4-1 expanded dimensionally. Kings as J8-2Cube, etc. Orbits as OJ4-1Cube. All rings pass through 4. Very AR-sensitive.
(Tutorial)
Japanese 8 in 2 Cube Japanese 12 in 3 Cube Japanese 16 in 4 Cube Orbital Japanese 4 in 1 Cube
  (Hexagonal Sheet)++++++++++++++                
Japanese 6 in 1 (J6-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese hex sheet 2 (2.0, 2.9) (2.0, 2.9) (2.1, 3.0)+ 2.0, 3.0
2-1C hexagonally expanding sheet. Origin of basic hexagonal tessellation. Large rings pass through 6, small through 2. Kings as J12-2. Orbits as OJ6-1. Expands into Hikaru.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4)
Japanese 12 in 2 Orbital Japanese 6 in 1 Hikaru
  (Web)++++++++++++                
Japanese 3 in 1 (J3-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese hex sheet (web) 2 (2.0, 2.2)   (2.1, 2.3)+ 2.0, 2.2
5.4
2WD
2-1C hexagonally expanding web. Large rings pass through 3, small through 2. Kings as J6-2. Orbits as OJ3-1, OrbitJ3-1.
(Tutorial), (2)
Japanese 6 in 2
Japanese 4 in 1 Hex Web (J4-1HW)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese hex sheet (web) 2 (2.0, ~2.4)   (2.1, 2.5)+ 2.1, 2.5
2WD
2-1C hexagonally expanding web. Large rings pass through 4, small through 2. Kings as J8-2HW.
(Tutorial)
Japanese 8 in 2 Hex Web
Japanese 3 in 1 Square Web (J3-1SW)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese square sheet (web) 2     -(2.1, 2.3+) 2.1, 2.3
2-1C web expansion with square maille sections divided by octagonal openings. Large rings pass through 3, small through 2. Kings as J6-2SW. Japanese 6 in 2 Square Web

Captive Japanese (12)

4 in 2 Captive | 2 in 1 Chain Captive Parallel | Captive 2 in 1 Chain | Celtic Wings

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Captive 4 in 2 Chain (C4-2C) (C1) (4 in 2 Captive)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Japanese chain 2 ~(3.9, 2.5)
single: 7.5
(3.9, 2.5)+
single: 7.5 - 8.7
-(4.4, 2.9)
single: -8.7+
3.9, 2.5
4.4, 2.9
7.5
8.7
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with 1 small captive ring per cell. Expands into C4-2CWeb(C1). Ring size specific when 2 ring sizes used.
Captive 4 in 2 Chain (C2) Captive Japanese chain 2     (4.6, 2.9) 4.6, 2.9
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with 2 small captive rings per cell. Very ring size specific.
Captive Japanese 8 in 2 (CJ8-2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Japanese square sheet 3 ~(4.3, 4.3, 5.8) (4.3, 4.3, 5.8)   4.3, 4.3, 5.8
Japanese 8 in 2 J8-2 with 1 large captive ring in each square opening. Very ring size specific.
Captive Japanese 12 in 2 (CJ12-2) Captive Japanese hex sheet 3 ~(4.3, 5.8, 3.75) (4.3, 5.8, 3.75)   4.3, 5.8, 3.75
Japanese 12 in 2 J12-2 with 1 small captive ring in each triangular opening. Ring size specific.
Captive 4 in 2 Chain Web (C1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     (3.9, 2.5)+ 3.9, 2.5
Japanese 4 in 1 Hex Web J8-2HW with vertical rings singled and captive rings inserted between horizontal rings. C4-2C(C1) expanded hexagonally as a web. Very ring size specific.

Captive Chain

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Chain, or chain segment held captive. No captive rings present. See also: Enthrall, Hoodoo Messenger.
2 in 1 Chain Captive 4 in 2 Chain (2-1CC4-2C) (Captive 2 in 1 Chain)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Japanese chain 2   -(3.0, 4.3) - (3.5, 4.7) (3.2, 4.6) - (3.8, 5.1)+ 3.2, 4.6
3.4, 4.7
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with 2-1C held captive.
(Tutorial), (Video)
2 in 1 Chain
4 in 2 Chain Captive 4 in 2 Chain (4-2CC4-2C)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Japanese chain 2     -(4.1, 5.8)+ 4.1, 5.8
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with an inner 4-2C held captive. 4 in 2 Chain
6 in 3 Chain Captive 4 in 2 Chain (6-3CC4-2C) Captive Japanese chain 3   (4.6, 6.0)+   4.6, 6.0
6 in 3 Chain 6-3C held captive inside 4-2C. 4 in 2 Chain
2 in 1 Chain Captive Parallel (2-1CCP)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Japanese chain 4     (5.3, 4.5)+ 5.3, 4.5
Staggered 2-1C held captive inside a 4-2C. Expands into 2-1CCPS.
2 in 1 Chain Captive Parallel Sheet (2-1CCPS) Captive Japanese sheet 4       2WD
2 in 1 Chain Captive Parallel Sheet expansion of 2-1CCP. Underlying diagonally-oriented J4-1. Japanese 4 in 1
Celtic Wings
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Japanese chain
(band)
4 cell connector rings: 3.3   (3.5, 5.5) 3.5, 5.6
3-cell 2-1C/4-2C segments held captive inside large-ring cells of alternating ring size, outer 4-2C. Expands into CW Sheet. Loops into Celtic Wings Flower.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Celtic Wings Flower
Celtic Wings Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Japanese sheet 4     -(3.4, 5.8)+ 3.4, 5.8
Celtic Wings Celtic Wings chain sheet.
(Tutorial)

Orbital Japanese (45)

A6 | Conundrum 2 | Endo | Honeycomb | Hourglass Web | Japanorb | Orbital Hex Cage
Power Grid | Power Line | Rings Of Saturn | TOT Cube | Velo | Waning Moon

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbital 2 in 1 Chain (O2-1C) (O1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 2 single: ~5.1   (2.1, 3.5), etc. 2.1, 3.5
5.8
2 in 1 Chain 2-1C with 1 large orbital ring per connection point. Expands into Endo, OJ6-1, OJ3-1, OJ4-1. Dimensionalizes as OJ4-1Cube.
(Tutorial), (2)
Orbital Japanese 4 in 1 Cube
Orbital 2 in 1 Chain (O2) Orbital Japanese chain 2 single: ~6.5   >(2.7, 4.4) 2.7, 4.4
6.6
2 in 1 Chain 2-1C with 2 large orbital rings per connection point.
Orbital 4 in 2 Chain (O4-2C) (O1) Orbital Japanese chain 2     >(2.7, 4.4)+,
single: 6.0 - 6.3+
2.7, 4.4
6.3
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with 1 large orbital ring per connection point. Expands into OJ12-2, OJ6-2, OJ8-2. Dimensionalizes as OJ8-2Cube. Orbital Japanese 8 in 2 Cube
Orbital 4 in 2 Chain (O2) Orbital Japanese chain 2   -(3.4, 5.1)   3.4, 5.1
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with 2 large orbital rings per connection point.
Orbital 6 in 3 Chain (O6-3C) (O1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 3 single: 6.4 or 6.5 (3.4, 3.7, >5.5),
single: -6.6
-(3.6, 4.0, 5.6) - 7.4+ 3.6, 4.0, 5.6
6.6
6 in 3 Chain 6-3C with 1 large orbital ring per connection point. Small ring for inner 2-1C. a.k.a. "Triple Orbital".
Orbital Japanese 4 in 1 (OJ4-1) (O1) Orbital Japanese square sheet 3 2 ring: ~(7.4, 5.8)     6.3, 3.4, 4.8
7.4, 5.8
Japanese 4 in 1 J4-1 with 1 orbital ring per connection point. Dimensionalizes as OJ4-1Cube. Ring size specific.
Orbital Japanese 8 in 2 (OJ8-2) (O1) Orbital Japanese square sheet 3 2 ring: ~(7.9, 6.0) 2 ring: (7.9, 6.0)+   7.0, 4.0, 5.4
7.9, 6.0
Japanese 8 in 2 J8-2 with 1 orbital ring per connection point. Contracts into OJ8-2U. Dimensionalizes as OJ8-2 Cube. Ring size specific. Orbital Japanese 8 in 2 Unit
Orbital Japanese 3 in 1 (OJ3-1) (O1) Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     -(4.3, 3.1, 4.3)+ 4.3, 3.1, 4.3
Japanese 3 in 1 J3-1 with 1 orbital ring per connection point. O2-1C(O1) hexagonally expanding web. Ring size specific.
Orbital Japanese 6 in 2 (OJ6-2) (O1) Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     -(4.7, 3.2, 4.8)+ 4.7, 3.2, 4.8
Japanese 6 in 2 J6-2 with 1 orbital ring per connection point. Largest ring is orbital. O4-2C(O1) hexagonally expanding web. Contracts into OJ6-2U. Ring size specific. Orbital Japanese 6 in 2 Unit
Orbital Japanese 6 in 1 (OJ6-1) (O1) Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     (12.5, 4.8, 5.8)+ 12.5, 4.8, 5.8
Japanese 6 in 1 J6-1 with 1 orbital ring per connection point.
Orbital Japanese 12 in 2 (OJ12-2) (O1) Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     (12.5, 4.3, 5.8)+ 12.5, 4.3, 5.8
Japanese 12 in 2 J12-2 with 1 orbital ring per connection point. Contracts into OJ12-2U. Ring size specific. Orbital Japanese 12 in 2 Unit
Honeycomb
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     single: -9.8+ 9.8 6 orbital connections around each horizontal ring in a swirl, expanded hexagonally.
Orbital Japanese 4 in 1 Cube (OJ4-1Cube) (O1) Orbital Japanese dimensional 2   -(9.0, 7.0)+   9.0, 7.0
Japanese 4 in 1 Cube J4-1Cube with 1 smaller orbital ring per connection point. O2-1C(O1)/OJ4-1(O1) expanded dimensionally. Orbital Japanese 4 in 1
Orbital Japanese 8 in 2 Cube (OJ8-2Cube) (O1) Orbital Japanese dimensional 2   (9.3, 7.3)+   9.3, 7.3
Japanese 8 in 2 Cube J8-2Cube with 1 smaller orbital ring per connection point. O4-2C(O1)/OJ8-2(O1) expanded dimensionally. Orbital 4 in 2 Chain (O1)
TOT Cube
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese dimensional 2 ~7.3 7.3 -   7.3, 7.4
(2)
7.0**
(2)**
Tetra Orb (2) Tetra Orb (2) units expanded into a square sheet, then dimensionally. "Tetra Orb Tight Cube". **7.0 will lock up at some point. See also: Tetra Orb Cube.
Orbital Harvest Moon (Waning Moon)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 3     -(4.7, 6.2)+ 4.7, 6.2
Harvest Moon Harvest Moon with one orbital ring between each connection point.

Velo / Endo / Power Line

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Velo
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -5.7+ 5.7
Orbital 2 in 1 Chain (O1) O2-1C plus an additional set of (standard) connector rings. Chain of half Hourglass Units.
Endo
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -5.7+ 5.7 Staggered version of Velo.
Power Line
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese chain 3     -5.7+ 5.7 Contraction of/expands into Power Grid Hex Web.
Power Grid Hex Web
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3   (5.3, 5.5, 3.6), e.g. single: 5.8 - 6.0 5.8
Japanese 3 in 1 J3-1 with doubled connector rings and added orbital connections.
Power Grid Square Sheet (2) Orbital Japanese square sheet 3     -(9.4, 7.0)+
-(9.0, 5.3, 6.6)+
9.4, 7.0
9.0, 5.3, 6.6
Japanese 4 in 1 J4-1 with doubled connector rings and added orbital connections.

Orbital Cage / Hourglass

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbital Hex Cage (OHC)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese hex sheet 3 ~(4.7, 3.8, 5.3)
single: 6.0
(+0.6=COHC)
(4.7, 3.8, 5.3)
single: 6.0
single: -6.3+ 4.6, 4.0, 5.4
6.3
Orbital Hex Cage Unit J6-1 tessellation. Captivates as COHC. Contracts into OHCU. Alternately tessellates as OSC, OHCWeb, Hourglass Dodecahedron (2), OSCWeb. Captive Orbital Hex Cage
Orbital Hex Cage Web (OHCWeb) (Hourglass Web)
(M.A.I.L.)**
Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     -7.3 - 8.0 8.0
Hourglass Unit (2) OHC with J3-1 tessellation. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms Hourglass Dodecahedron. Contracts into Hourglass Unit (2). **M.A.I.L. entry has singled (1) horizontal rings. Hourglass Dodecahedron (2)
Hourglass Square Web Orbital Japanese square sheet (web) 4     7.6+ 7.6
Hourglass Unit (2) Hourglass Units expanded/repeated into a square sheet. Completely unstable (as shown).
Orbital Hex Cage Unit Web (OHCUWeb) Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     -(4.0, 5.6, 4.9)+ 4.0, 5.6, 4.9
OHCU repeated into a web. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms OHCU Dodecahedron. Orbital Hex Cage Unit Dodecahedron
Orbital Square Cage Web (OSCWeb)
(M.A.I.L.)**
Orbital Japanese square sheet (web) 3 single: 6.5 single: 6.5 single: 6.5 - 6.9 6.5
6.6
6.9
Contraction of/expands into OSC. Captivates as COSCWeb. Contracts into OSCU. **M.A.I.L. entry for "Japanese 4 in 1 Paired Orbital Square Sheet" has singled horizontal rings. AR-sensitive. Captive Orbital Square Cage Web
Orbital Square Cage (OSC)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese square sheet 3 2 ring: (7.4, 9.9) 2 ring: (7.4, 9.9)+   7.4, 9.9
OHC with J4-1 tessellation. Contracts into/expansion of OSCU, Hourglass Chain, Hourglass Unit (2), Interconnected 2-2 Orbital Unit Chain; 8 in 1 Orbital Sheet. Ring size specific.
Orbital Square Cage Unit Hourglass Chain Interconnected 2 in 2 Orbital Unit Chain
Missing Half An Hour (2)
(M.A.I.L.)**
Orbital Japanese (directional) hex sheet (web) 5 7.0 or 7.1
**singled horizontal rings: 6.8
7.2+   7.2
Missing Half An Hour Unit (2) OHCWeb of truncated Hourglass Unit (2)s. Directional: each triangle faces the same way. Contracts into/expansion of Missing Half An Hour Unit (2). **M.A.I.L. entry has singled (1) horizontal rings.
Missing Half An Hour Square Sheet (2) Orbital Japanese square sheet 5 2 ring: ~(10.3, 7.6) -(10.8, 7.9)+   10.8, 7.9
Missing Half An Hour Square Unit (2) Squarely tessellated version of Missing Half An Hour (2). Contracts into Missing Half An Hour Square Unit (2).

Orbit / Scaled++

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbit 2 in 1 Chain (O3)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     (2.1, 3.1, 4.2)+ 2.1, 3.1, 4.2
2 in 1 Chain 2-1C in alternating ring sizes with 3 large orbit rings around the small rings. Expands into OrbitJ3-1(O3).
Orbit 4 in 2 Chain (O3) Orbital Japanese chain 4     (2.7, 3.7, 4.8)+ 2.7, 3.7, 4.8
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C in alternating ring sizes with 3 large orbit rings around the sets of small rings. Expands into OrbitJ6-2(O3).
(Tutorial)
Orbit 4 in 2 Chain (O4)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 4   -(2.9, 3.9, 5.1)+   2.9, 3.9, 5.1
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C in alternating ring sizes with 4 large orbit rings around the sets of small rings.
(Tutorial)
Orbit 6 in 3 Chain (O4) Orbital Japanese chain 6     (3.7, 4.7, 6.0)+ 3.7, 4.7, 6.0
6 in 3 Chain 6-3C in alternating ring sizes with 4 large orbit rings around the sets of small rings.
Orbit 4 in 2 Chain Sheet (O2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese sheet 4     -(2.9, 4.0, 5.2)+ 2.9, 4.0, 5.2 Orbit4-2C(O2) chain sheet. Connector rings link chains together by the orbit rings.
Orbit Japanese 3 in 1 (O3) Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 4     (2.3, 2.7, 4.4)+ 2.3, 2.7, 4.4
Japanese 3 in 1 J3-1 with 3 large orbital rings around each small vertical ring. Orbit2-1C(O3) hexagonally expanding web.
Orbit Japanese 6 in 2 (O3) (Orbit Web Base 6)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 4 >(2.7, 3.7, 4.9)   (2.9, 3.9, 5.1)+ 2.9, 3.9, 5.2
Japanese 6 in 2 J6-2 with 3 large orbital rings around each set of small vertical rings. Orbit4-2C(O3) hexagonally expanding web.
Japanorb
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese square sheet 4       2WD
Two layered J4-1 sheets, the outer of which has its small rings scale around the smaller of the initial layer.
Japanorb Plus Orbital Japanese square sheet 4     -(2.2, 6.5, 4.2, 5.3)+ 2.2, 6.5, 4.2, 5.3
J4-1 sheet inside an outer J4-1 sheet which has its large rings doubled, with one on each side of the sheet.

Helm

Chronic Helm | Gryphon | Helm Chain | Helm Chain Web | Helm Orbiter | Helm Sheet | Helmantine
Helm's Deep | Helmi | Helmo | Helmu | Kulah Khud | Liberto | Paddle Wheel | Rondo

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Helm Chain found below. These "2" versions of Helm Sheet & Conundrum are devoid of captive rings due to added connections.
Helm Sheet 2 Orbital Japanese sheet 4     -(4.0, 6.2, 6.4, 4.5)+ 4.0, 6.2, 6.4, 4.5
Helm Chain Helm Chain sheet.
Conundrum 2
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese sheet 4   (4.0, 6.2, 6.4, 3.4) (4.0, 6.2, 6.4, 3.6)+ 4.0, 6.2, 6.4, 3.4
4.0, 6.2, 6.4, 3.6
Helm Chain Helm Chain sheet.
Helmi Sheet 2 Orbital Japanese sheet 5     -(5.1, 7.3, 7.6, 5.9)+ 5.1, 7.3, 7.6, 5.9
Helmi Helmi chain sheet.
Helmi Conundrum 2 Orbital Japanese sheet 5     -(5.1, 7.3, 7.6, 5.6)+ 5.1, 7.3, 7.6, 5.6
Helmi Helmi chain sheet.
Helmo Conundrum 2 Orbital Japanese sheet 6       6.9 9.1 7.6 7.3
Helmo Helmo chain sheet. Layered progression of Helmi Conundrum 2.
Rings of Saturn (RoS)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese chain 3     -(3.5, 4.1, 5.8)+ 3.5, 4.1, 5.8 Helm Chain modification with scaled sections divided by "Box"/"1.5P cells which constantly switch on which grain they occur.
A6
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese chain 3   -(4.2, 4.7, 6.5) (4.2, 4.7, 6.5)+ 4.2, 4.7, 6.5 RoS with rings inside scaled cells doubled.

Captive Orbital Japanese (21)

Bumpa | Captive Orbital Hex Cage | Captive Zen Sheet Full | Conundrum | Enthrall | Helm Chain | Helm Sheet
Helm Square Sheet | Helm Chain Web | Helmi | Japanese Dragonscale | Oriental Scale Net | Shippo Tsunagi

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Helm Chain (Parallel Chain)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Orbital Japanese chain 3 (3.2, 5.4, ~5.5) (3.2, 5.4, 5.5)+ (3.4, 5.7) - (3.9, 6.1) 3.2, 5.5
3.9, 6.1
4-2C in alternating ring sizes with 1 orbit ring around small ring set held captive by outside layer. Scales as Paddle Wheel Chain. Bands as Helm Chain Ladder. "Inverts" as Celtic. Related to CV, DS. See also Rondo, Celtic Helm Sheet, Helm Units.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4), (5), (Video), (2)
4 in 2 Chain Paddle Wheel Chain Helm Chain Ladder Celtic Celtic Visions Dragonscale Rondo Celtic Helm Sheet Helm Unit 3 Helm Unit 4 Helm Unit 5 Helm Unit 6 Helm Loop 3 Helm Loop 4 Helm Loop 5
Helm Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)**
Captive Orbital Japanese sheet 4   (3.2, 5.4, 5.7)+   3.2, 5.4, 5.7
Helm Chain Helm Chain sheet. **M.A.I.L. entry has Helm Chain small rings singled.
Conundrum
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Orbital Japanese sheet 4 (3.2, 5.4, 6.3) (3.2, 5.4, 6.3)+   3.2, 5.4, 6.3
Helm Chain Helm Chain sheet.
Helm Square Sheet Captive Orbital Japanese square sheet 3   (3.4, 5.6, 8.2)+ (3.6, 5.9, 8.7)+ 3.6, 5.9, 8.7
3.4, 5.6, 8.2
J8-2 with rings orbiting small rings sets. Contracts into Helm Chain, Helm Unit 4, Helm Loop 4.
Japanese 8 in 2 Helm Chain Helm Unit 4 Helm Loop 4
Helm Hex Sheet Captive Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3       2WD
Helm Chain, Helm Unit 6, Helm Loop 3 expanded hexagonally into a sheet. J12-2 with rings orbiting small rings sets. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms Helm-5 Dodecahedron.
Helm Chain Helm Loop 3 Japanese 12 in 2 Helm-5 Dodecahedron
Helm Chain Web
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     (3.3, 5.7, 7.5) 3.3, 5.7, 7.5
Helm Chain, Helm Unit 3 expanded hexagonally as a web. J6-2 with rings orbiting small rings sets. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms Helm Dodecahedron. Related to CVWeb. Middle layer of large rings orbit small ring sets.
Helm Chain Helm Unit 3 Japanese 6 in 2 Helm Dodecahedron Celtic Visions Web
Helmi
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(5.3, 7.4, 6.9)+ 5.3, 7.4, 6.9
Helm Chain with added layer. Loops into Helmi Loop 3, etc.
(Tutorial)
Helmi Loop 3 Helmi Loop 4 Helmi Loop 5
Helmi Sheet Captive Orbital Japanese sheet 5     -(5.2, 7.4, 6.8)+ 5.2, 7.4, 6.8
Helmi Helmi chain sheet.
Helmi Conundrum Captive Orbital Japanese sheet 5     -(5.1, 7.3, 7.6, 6.1)+ 5.1, 7.3, 7.6, 6.1
Helmi Helmi chain sheet.
Helmo Captive Orbital Japanese chain 5       6.8, 9.0, 8.4, 5.7 Helmi with added layer.
Helmo Conundrum Captive Orbital Japanese sheet 6       6.9, 9.1, 9.5, 7.9. 7.3
Helmo Helmo chain sheet. Layered progression of Helmi Conundrum.
Helmu Captive Orbital Japanese chain 6       9.5, 11.6, 10.8, 7.5, 7.3 Helmo with added layer.
Bumpa
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Orbital Japanese chain
(band)
4     -(3.8, 5.7, 6.8)+ 3.8, 5.7, 6.8
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with large edge rings added each of which orbit one small ring in every other set. Staggered Helm Chain band. (Video)
Bumpa Sheet Captive Orbital Japanese sheet 4     -(3.9, 5.2, 7.9)+ 3.9, 5.2, 7.9
Bumpa Bumpa repeated into a sheet. Larger integrated orbiting rings scale 2 rings each.
Enthrall
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(3.1, 3.9, 5.3) 3.1, 3.9, 5.3 2-1C/4-2C (2-1-2-1) held captive inside 2-1C/4-2C (1-2-1-2) made possible by obliquely oriented rings that orbit (scale) around small ring sets. Ring size specific. See also Captive Chain.
Captive Zen Sheet Full (CZSF)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)**
Captive Orbital Japanese square sheet 4 (3.6, 4.9, 5.8) (3.6, 4.9, 5.8) - (3.7, 5.2, 5.9) (3.7, 5.1, 5.9)+ 3.6, 5.0, 5.8 J4-1 tessellation. Ring size specific. **Maillepedia entry is not Full version.
(Tutorial)

Japanese Dragonscale / Oriental Scale

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Japanese Dragonscale (JDS)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Orbital Japanese hex sheet3   -(3.3, 6.6)+ -(4.0, 7.6) 3.3, 6.6
Oriental Scale Orbit rings around small ring triangles, also held captive by outer layers. J3-1 tessellation. Contracts into OS, IOS units. Square tessellation as JDS4.
(Tutorial)
Inverted Oriental Scale
Japanese Dragonscale Web (Oriental Scale Net)
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Captive Orbital Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     -(3.4, 6.7, 5.8)+ 3.4, 6.7, 5.8
Oriental Scale JDS with J3-1 tessellation. OS repeated into a web. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms OS Dodecahedron. Oriental Scale Pentagonal Dodecahedron
Japanese Dragonscale-4 (JDS4) (Shippo Tsunagi)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Captive Orbital Japanese square sheet 3   (4.3, 9.8), etc. (-4.6+, 10.3+) 4.6, 10.3
4.3, 9.8
4.0, 10.3
3.6, 12.5
Oriental Scale 4 JDS with J4-1 tessellation. Orbit rings around small ring squares, also held captive by outer layer. Contracts into OS4 unit.
(Tutorial)

Captive Orbital Cage

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Captive Orbital Hex Cage (COHC)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Orbital Japanese hex sheet 4 ~(5.5, 4.2, 6.4)
single: 6.6
(OHC+0.6)
(5.5, 4.2, 6.4)+
single: 6.6 - 6.7
  5.5, 4.2, 6.4
6.6
vs.
Captive Orbital Hex Cage Unit J6-1 tessellation. De-captivates as OHC. Contracts into COHCU. Medium horizontal rings, small cage, captive, large orbital rings. Difficult to weave when small ring OD < large ring ID.
(Tutorial)
Orbital Hex Cage
Captive Orbital Square Cage Web (COSCWeb) Captive Orbital Japanese square sheet (web) 4 2 ring: ~(7.0, 9.8) 2 ring: (7.0, 9.8)+   7.1, 9.8
Captive Orbital Square Cage Unit OSCWeb with 1 captive ring per cage. Contracts into COSCU. De-captivates as OSCWeb. Orbital Square Cage Web

Reinforced Japanese (6)

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Bee Stings
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced Japanese chain 3     -4.9+ 4.9
4-ring cells separated by singled connectors. Outside layered rings reinforce. NT2 Unit chain. See also: Scary Weave, Honey Bee.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Not Tao 2 (NT2) Scary Weave Honey Bee
Not Tao 3 Sheet(s to the Wind) (NT3S)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced Japanese hex sheet 3     -(3.7, 7.0, 6.1)+ 3.7, 7.0, 6.1
Not Tao 3 Contracts into NT3, Upanishad Unit. Upanishad Unit
Not Tao 3 Web (NT3Web)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     -(4.4, 5.0)+ 4.4, 5.0
Bee Stings NT3 units expanded hexagonally as a web with J3-1 tessellation. Bee Stings three-way junctions expanded hexagonally. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms NT3 Dodecahedron. Not Tao 3 Dodecahedron
Tao 3 Sheet (Tao3S)
(M.A.I.L.)**
Orbital Reinforced Japanese hex sheet 3     (9.1, 7.5, 6.5)+ 9.1, 7.5, 6.5
9.8, 9.0, 8.0
Tao 3 Contracts into Tao3 unit. **M.A.I.L. entry has singled (large) horizontal rings.
Tao 3 Sheet (R2) Orbital Reinforced Japanese hex sheet 4     -(9.8, 9.0, 6.7, 5.6)+ 9.8, 9.0, 6.7, 5.6
Tao 3 Tao3S with 2 reinforced rings on each side of each cell. Contracts into Tao3 unit.
Lucid
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Reinforced Japanese chain 4     (3.1, 5.5) 3.1, 5.5
Not Tao 4 Layered Japanese chain. Related to NT4. See also: Pterodactyl. Pterodactyl Chain

Extended Japanese Weaves (19)

Borealis | Celtic Visions | Crescent Moon | Harvest Moon
Hikaru | Lucid | Moon42 | Not Tao Linear | Odin's Eye

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Cross Stitch
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese square sheet 2       2WD
Japanese 4 in 1 2 staggered, layered J4-1 sheets. Ring size specific.
Hikaru
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese hex sheet 3     (2.6+, -7.9+) or 2WD 2.6, 2.7, 7.9
Japanese 6 in 1 J6-1 base structure + added layer of smaller horizontal rings. Appearance differs from front to back.
Harvest Moon (Tomato Sandwich)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese chain 2     -4.7+ 4.7
Expands into Crescent Moon. Orbits as Orbital Harvest Moon. See also Pacman, 1.5P.
(Tutorial), (2)
Crescent Moon Orbital Harvest Moon Pacman One And A Half Persian (1.5P)
Moon42
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese chain 2     -4.0+ 4.0 Harvest Moon with each repeating segment facing the same direction.
(Tutorial)
Not Tao Linear (a)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 5     (3.2, 4.2, 5.5) 3.2, 4.2, 5.5 Layered Japanese chain.
Not Tao Linear (b)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 5     (3.2, 4.2, 5.5) 3.2, 4.2, 5.5 Layered Japanese chain.
Not Tao Linear (c)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 4     (3.2, 4.2, 5.5) 3.2, 4.2, 5.5 Layered Japanese chain.
Uclid Japanese chain 4     (3.1, 5.5+) 3.1, 5.5
Layered Japanese chain like Celtic on one edge and "AE" connections on the other edge with ring clash. Loops into Uclid Loop 3, Uclid Loop 4.
Celtic Uclid Loop 3

Celtic Visions / Borealis

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Celtic Japanese chain
(band)
3 (3.0, 4.7) (3.0, 4.7) - -(3.2, 5.0)+ 3.2, 5.0
3.1, 5.1
"Inverted", de-orbited Helm Chain. CV less the small central rings. Expands into Borealis (as CC3), CWeb, Aura Dodecahedron. Loops into CC3, CC4, CC5 units. See also: Celtic Byz.
Helm Chain Borealis Celtic Web Aura Dodecahedron Celtic Circle 3 Celtic Circle 4 Celtic Circle 5
Celtic Visions (CV)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese chain
(band)
4 ~(3.0**, 5.1) (3.0, 5.1) - (3.0, 5.2) (3.0, 5.3) - (3.3, 5.5) 3.2, 5.3
Celtic with added middle rings (visions). Expands into CVWeb, CV Dodecahedron. Hoops into CVC4, CVC5 units. **middle ring can be reduced.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (Video)
Celtic Visions Dodecahedron
Odin's Eye
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese chain
(band)
4     -(4.3, 6.0)+ 4.3, 6.0 CV modification with each pair of edge rings intersecting. Alternate versions possible. Double center rings. (Video)
Celtic Visions Sheet (CVS)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese sheet 4   (3.0, -5.5, -5.8) - (3.1, 5.6, 6.0) (3.1, 5.6, 6.0)+ 3.0, 5.5, 5.8
3.1, 5.6, 6.0
Celtic Visions CV chain sheet.
Celtic Unbalanced Sheet (Celtic Diffusion Sheet)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese sheet 5     (5.8, 3.4)+ 5.7, 3.4
CVUS without the middle cell rings. Contracts into Celtic Strap.
Celtic Visions Unbalanced Sheet (CVUS) Japanese sheet 5     (6.0, 5.5, 3.3)+ 6.0, 5.5, 3.3
CVS with staggered expansion. Contracts into Celtic Visions Strap.
Celtic Visions Sheet 2 (CVS2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese sheet 4     -(3.4, 5.6, 4.3)+ 3.4, 5.6, 4.3
3.4, 5.6, 4.6
Celtic Visions CV chain sheet.
Celtic Visions Sheet 2 (2)(2) Japanese sheet 4   -(4.7, 6.4) (4.7, 6.4) - (4.9, 6.7)+ 4.7, 6.4
Celtic Visions CV chain sheet. CVS2 with 2 sets of rings doubled.
Borealis
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese hex sheet 3   2WD 2WD 2WD**
Crenelated-3S + 1 layer. 3 layers of large horizontal rings expanded hexagonally by groups of 6 small vertical rings. Contracts into Inverted Aura, Aura, CC3 (Borealis) units. Small ring ID > large ring WD*3. **2WD sample: .045" 25/128", .062" 3/8" (mandrels listed).
Crenelated-3 Sheet Inverted Aura Aura Unit Celtic Circle 3 (Borealis Unit)
Celtic Web (CWeb) Japanese hex sheet (web) 3     -(~3.5, 4.7, 5.1)+ 2WD
Gridlock Web Celtic expanded hexagonally as a web with J3-1 tessellation. Contracts into Gridlock Web, Aura unit. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms Aura Dodecahedron. Aura Dodecahedron
Celtic Visions Web (CVWeb)
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
Japanese hex sheet (web) 4     -(3.3, 5.4, 6.3)+ 3.3, 5.4, 6.3
CV expanded hexagonally as a web with J3-1 tessellation. CWeb with added small central rings. See also Helm Chain Web. Helm Chain Web

AR Legend
Japanese | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Persian | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Spiral | Mage | Band | Hybrid | King | Scaled


European (72)

Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced | Extended
B^ | Bore Worm | Box | Boxmail | Byzantine | Candy Cane Cord | Captive Inverted Round
Cobra | Corduroy | Crenelated-3 | Double Maille | Dragonscale | Dragon Tail | Elfsheet | Elven Rope | Escalator
European 4 in 1 | Frog's Eggs | Gridlock | Gridlock Byzantine | HWHAP | Hinge | Inverted Round | King's Maille | Oops | Pacman
Pterodactyl | Reinforced Inverted Round | Rondo | Roundmaille | Shenanigans | Thrice | Tiffany | Trees | Trinitymaille | Trizantine | Turkish Round


Even

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
European 4 in 1 (E4-1)
(M.A.I.L.), (Snake Skin)**
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 1 2.9
(+1.8=E8-2)
(+0.9=Box)
(+0.3=RM)
2.9 - 3.1 3.2 - 6.0 3.0
3.3
5.5
graduated
graduated2
Versatile sheet. Broad AR range: 3.0 for basket sides. 3.2 - 3.4 for dense fabric. 3.5 - 6.0+ for clothing. 4.0+ for armour: >AR if welded or riveted. Contracts into Biased E4-1. Tubes as Box, RM. Kings as E8-2. Expands into Double Maille, Thrice, DS, Wyvernscale, EO, DTS, DTR, 3QP/E4-1S, FP6-1/E4-1S. Unbalances as E4-1U. Inverts as Gridlock. Related to Elfsheet, Tiffany. Progresses to E6-1. **M.A.I.L. entry Snake Skin alternates rows by ring size.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (Video), (2), (3)
Biased European 4 in 1 Box Roundmaille European 8 in 2 Double Maille European 4 in 1 Thrice Dragonscale EO Lock Inline Sheet EO Lock Staggered Sheet Dragon Tail Sheet (DTS) Dragon Tail Sheet Variation Dragon Tail River (DTR) Three Quarters Persian/European 4 in 1 Sheet Three Quarters Persian/European 4 in 1 Sheet Alt Full Persian 6 in 1/European 4 in 1 Sheet European 4 in 1 Unbalanced Gridlock (Corduroy)
European 6 in 1 (E6-1)
(M.A.I.L.), (Jacob's Ladder)**
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 1 4.3
(+2.5=E12-2)
(E4-1*1.5)
4.3 - 4.7 4.7 - 6.0+ 4.3
4.9
European 12 in 2 Progression of E4-1. Kings as E12-2. Expands into DS6-1, Wyvernscale 6-1. Tubes as Box6-1. Progresses to E8-1. **M.A.I.L. entry Jacob's Ladder is limited to two rows wide.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (Video)
Dragonscale 6 in 1
European 8 in 1 (E8-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 1 5.8
(E4-1*2)
5.8 - 6.2 6.2 - 7.5+ 5.8
6.6
7.2
European 16 in 2 Progression of E6-1. Kings as E16-2. Expands into DS8-1, Wyvernscale 8-1. Progresses to E10-1.
(Tutorial), (2)
Dragonscale 8 in 1 (DS8-1)
European 10 in 1 (E10-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 1 7.1
(E4-1*2.4)
7.1 - 7.8+ 7.8+ 7.8 Progression of E8-1. Progresses to E12-1.
(Tutorial)
European 12 in 1 (E12-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 1 8.3
(E4-1*2.9)
8.3 - 8.7+   8.3
8.7
Progression of E10-1. Progresses to E14-1.
European 14 in 1 (E14-1) European sheet 1 >9.4-9.9+  9.9
Progression of E12-1. Progresses to E16-1.
European 16 in 1 (E16-1) European sheet 1 ~11.111.1+  11.1
Progression of E14-1. Progresses to E18-1.

Odd

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
European 3 in 1 (E3-1) (Trinitymaille)
(M.A.I.L.), (Gopher Snake)**
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 1     -3.0+ 3.0
Rings connect to 2 in one row, 1 in the other; each row alternating. Kings as E6-2. Not to be confused with other European 3 in 1. **M.A.I.L. entry Gopher Snake alternates rows by ring size.
(Tutorial), (2), (3)
European 6 in 2 (King Trinitymaille)
European 5 in 1 (E5-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 1     -4.3+ 4.3
Cross between E4-1, and E6-1. Not to be confused with other European 5 in 1. Kings as E10-2.
(Tutorial)
European 10 in 2
European 7 in 1 (E7-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 1     -6.0+ 6.0 Cross between E6-1, and E8-1.
European 9 in 1 (E9-1) European sheet 1     -7.3+ 7.3 Cross between E8-1, and E10-1.
European 11 in 1 (E11-1) European sheet 1     -8.5+ 8.5 Cross between E10-1, and E12-1.

Unbalanced

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Each progression adds 3 in 1.
European 4 in 1 Unbalanced (E4-1U) (Oops)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 1   -3.5 3.5 - 5.0 3.5
5.0
E4-1 variant with constant, consistent contraction/expansion of each ring. Rings go through 3+1. Progresses to E7-1U. Tubes as E4-1U Box, E4-1U RM.
(Tutorial), (Joining), (45* Seam), (Video)
European 4 in 1 Unbalanced Box European 4 in 1 Unbalanced Roundmaille
European 7 in 1 Unbalanced (E7-1U)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 1     -5.3+ 5.3 Progression of E4-1U. Progresses to E10-1U. Rings pass through 5+2.
(Tutorial)
European 10 in 1 Unbalanced (E10-1U)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 1     -7.6+ 7.6 Progression of E7-1U. Progresses to E13-1U. Rings pass through 7+3.
European 13 in 1 Unbalanced (E13-1U) European sheet 1     -9.5+ 9.5 Progression of E10-1U. Progresses to E16-1U. Rings pass through 9+4.

Box

Image (Tube)+++++ Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Box 4 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European tube chain 1 3.8
(E4-1+0.9)
(+1.0=FP6-1)
3.8 - 3.9 4.8 - 5.3 5.1
5.5
4.8, 7.2 (flat)
4 row E4-1 tube. Square (rectangular < 4.7 AR) cross-section chain. 2-ring size Flat Box stabilizes the chain. Triplicates as RM. Byzantizes. Becomes FP6-1 when rings tucked in. Surrounds as B8FP6-1(, etc). Captivates/Orbits as CBox, OBox, COBox. Reinforces as RFBox, RWBox. Scales. Progresses to Box6-1.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4), (Video), (2)
European 4 in 1 Flat Box 4 in 1 Roundmaille Byzantine Full Persian 6 in 1 B8FP6-1 Captive Box (C2) Orbital Box (O1) Orbit Box (O3) Reinforced Fire Box (R2) Reinforced Wind Box (R2)
Offset Box Chain 4 in 1 (Frog's Eggs)
(M.A.I.L.)
European tube chain 1     -5.0+ 5.0 Box with an offset applied sewing up 3-row E4-1. Chain lies flat on diagonal. Untwists. Moderately well-behaved.
Box 6 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
European tube chain 1 >5.8   -6.6+ 6.6
E6-1 4-sided tube. Progression of Box4-1.
European 4 in 1 Unbalanced (Oops) Box
(M.A.I.L.)
European tube chain 1 ~5.0 5.0 5.3+ 5.3
5.0
European 4 in 1 Unbalanced 4 row E4-1U tube. Triplicates as E4-1U RM.
Boxmail
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2   -5.2 5.2+ 5.2
Box Chain 4 in 1 Box4-1 chain sheet.
HWHAP
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2     (4.6, 6.6)+ 4.6, 6.6 Box4-1 chain sheet with dropped stitch.
Dense Box Sheet (True Boxchain Sheet)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2     -6.1+ 6.1
Box4-1 chain sheet with tri-mobi integrated connections. Same connection scheme as in Pacman Sheet, Dense Byz Sheet, Dense Triz Sheet, 1.5PS, Hoodoo Sheet.
Box Chain 4 in 1 Pacman Sheet Dense Byzantine Sheet Dense Trizantine Sheet One and a Half Persian Sheet Hoodoo Sheet
Box 8 in 1 Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2     -6.6+ 6.6
Box Chain 4 in 1 Box4-1 chain sheet.
Standard Box Sheet
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
European sheet 4     -(4.9, 6.0, 3.9, 4.4)+ 4.9, 6.0, 3.9, 4.4
Box Chain 4 in 1 Box4-1 chain sheet with bolted connectors.
Standard Alternate Box Sheet European sheet 3     -(4.9, 6.0, 3.9)+ 4.9, 6.0, 3.9
Box Chain 4 in 1 Box4-1 chain sheet with bolted connectors. Each Box chain alternates lean direction.
Pacman
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 2     5.2+ 5.2
Harvest Moon Single Box cells divided by 2-ring Moon connections. Captivates as Captive Pacman. Transforms into 1.5P. One and a Half Persian (1.5P)
Pacman Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 4     5.5+ 5.5
Pacman chain sheet with tri-mobi connections in Box cells. Same connection scheme as in Dense Box Sheet, Dense Byz Sheet, Dense Triz Sheet, 1.5PS, Hoodoo Sheet.
Dense Box Sheet Dense Byzantine Sheet Dense Trizantine Sheet One and a Half Persian Sheet Hoodoo Sheet

Roundmaille / Turkish / Inverted Round

Image (Tri)+++++++
Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample
Triplicate: 3- or 6-sided as RIR, HC6-1, etc. (Triplicate) Reinforced Inverted Round(Triplicate) Hilt Chain 6 in 1
Roundmaille (RM)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European tube chain 1 3.2
(E4-1+0.3)
(+2.6=HC6-1)
3.2 - 3.5 3.5 - 5.0 3.5
6 row E4-1 tube. Circular (triangular < 3.4) cross-section. Triplicate version of Box. Byzantizes as TR. Inverts as IR. Captivates as CRM. Transforms into HC6-1. Surrounds as RM8HC6-1.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (Video)
European 4 in 1 Box Chain 4 in 1 Captive Roundmaille (C2) Hilt Chain 6 in 1 RM8HC6-1
European 4 in 1 Unbalanced (Oops) Roundmaille
(M.A.I.L.)
European tube chain 1     -4.6 4.6
European 4 in 1 Unbalanced 6 row E4-1U tube. Triplicate version of E4-1U Box. European 4 in 1 Unbalanced Box
Turkish Round (TR)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 2 3.1 3.1 - 3.4 3.5 - 4.0 3.5
Byzantized RM. Inverts as IR. Quads as QTR. Captivates as CTR. Orbits as OrbitTR.
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Byzantine Captive Turkish Round (C1) Captive Turkish Round (3) (C1) Orbit Turkish Round (O2)
Inverted Round (IR)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 1 3.5
(+1.2=CIR(C1))
(+1.5=BW(R1))
(+1.6=RIR(R1))
3.5 - 4.0 4.0 - 4.2+ 4.0
Inverted TR, RM. Captivates as CIR. Reinforces as BW, RIR. Quads as QIR. Related to Gridlock. See also: OIR.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (Article)
Captive Inverted Round Bore Worm (R2) Reinforced Inverted Round (R3) Orbital Inverted Round (OIR)
Inverted Round Sheet (IRS) (Gracelock)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 2     5.8+ 5.8
Inverted Round IR chain sheet.
(Tutorial)
  (Quad)++++++               4- or 8-sided
Quad Turkish Round (QTR) (Celtic Roundmaille)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 2 3.2, ~3.1** (3.7, 3.3) -(4.1, 3.4)+ 4.1, 3.4
4-sided TR. Ideal with smaller connector rings. **3.2 min AR for knot, connectors slightly lower. Orbits as QOrbitTR. Quad Orbit Turkish Round (O1)
Quad Inverted Round (QIR) European chain 1       5.2
4-sided IR. Very unstable- must captivate or reinforce. Captivates as QCIR. Reinforces as QBW, QRIR.
Quad Captive Inverted Round Quad Bore Worm (R2) Quad Reinforced Inverted Round (R2)

Gridlock / Corduroy

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Gridlock / Corduroy
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 2 3.1 3.1 - 3.4 3.3 - 5.5+ 3.5
4.0
5.4
Inverted E4-1. Rows alternate between constantly opposing angled rings and all flat rings. The ribbing effect gives the appearance of Corduroy. 3-ring strip expands into Gridlock Web, +1. See also: Gridlock Byz, Louhi.
(Tutorial)
European 4 in 1 Gridlock Byzantine Louhi
Crenelated-3 Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
European hex sheet 2     (2.3 - 2.4, 8.6+), or 2WD 2.3, 8.7
2WD**
2 layers of large horizontal rings expanded hexagonally by groups of 6 small vertical rings. Plus 3rd layer = Borealis. Small ring ID > large ring WD*2. **2WD sample: .032" 1/8", .062" 11/32" (5/16" also works). Borealis
Gridlock Web (Staggered Corduroy Net)
(M.A.I.L.)
European hex sheet (web) 3       2.2, 4.0, 4.9
Gridlock expanded hexagonally as a web with J3-1 tessellation. Contraction of/expands into CWeb. Celtic Web
Gridlock Web +1 (Staggered Corduroy Net With 13th Ring)
(M.A.I.L.)
European hex sheet (web) 4       3.1, 4.0, 4.9, 5.7 Gridlock expanded hexagonally as a web with J3-1 tessellation. Added set of large horizontal rings pass through 12 small ring set.

Byzantine

Byzanclean | Byzantine Web | Byzanatine Cube | Celtic Byzanatine
Helmantine | Quaterzantine | Quintazantine | Rondo | Trizantine

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Byzantine (Byz) (Birdcage, etc.)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 2 3.2 3.2 3.4 - 4.0 3.4
4.3
Single Box cells separated and reversed by doubled connector rings. Triplicates as TR. Progresses to Triz. Captivates as CByz. Orbits as OByz, OrbitByz. Pentagonally tessellates as Byz Dodecahedron. Reinforces as RFByz, RIByz. See also Rondo / Rondo Sheet, Gridbox, Celtic Byz, Half Byz+1.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (Video), (2)
Box Chain 4 in 1 Turkish Round Trizantine Captive Byzantine (C2) Orbital Byzantine Orbit Byzantine (2) (O3) Byzantine Dodecahedron Rondo Sheet Gridbox Celtic Byzantine Half Byzantine Plus One
Staggered Byzantine
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 5     3.3+ 3.3
Staggered Byzantine Sheet Byz chain with single connector rings, and added staggered rings that jut off each side. Alternate version staggers connector ring sets on both planes. Expands into Staggered Byz Sheet, Expands into Staggered Byz Cube. Staggered Byzantine Cube (Ziggurat)
Dense Byzantine Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 2 >4.0-4.34.3+ 4.3
Byz chain sheet with tri-mobi connections between adjacent Box cells. Layers into Denser Byz Cube. Same connection scheme as in Dense Box Sheet, Dense Triz Sheet, 1.5PS, Hoodoo Sqaure Sheet, Pacman Sheet.
Dense Box Sheet Pacman Sheet Dense Trizantine Sheet One and a Half Persian Sheet Hoodoo Sheet
Byzantine Ringmaille
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 4   -(3.6, 3.0, 5.8)+ -(4.4, 2.9, 5.5)+ 3.6, 3.0, 5.8
4.4, 2.9, 5.5
Byzantine Byz chain sheet.
Bastardized Byzantine Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 6     -(4.0, 5.5, 3.4)+ 4.0, 5.5, 3.4
Byzantine Byz chain sheet.
Parallel Byzantine Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 6     (4.0, 3.0)+ 4.0, 3.0
Byzantine Byz chain sheet with added connector rows between each. Connectors alternate between standard, and wing tip Box cell connectors. Stacks into Parallel Byz Cube.
Byzantine Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 5     (3.3, 4.1, 2.7)+ 3.3, 4.1, 2.7
Byzantine Byz chain sheet. Stacks into Byz Cube.
Staggered Byzantine Sheet (Byzantine Ladder)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 4     3.4 - 3.6 3.5, 3.4
Byz sheet with staggered columns. Contracts into Staggered Byz (chain), Staggered Byz Halves (band). Expands into Staggered Byz Cube.
Byzantine Staggered Byzantine Staggered Byzantine Halves Staggered Byzantine Cube (Ziggurat)
Byzantine Web
(M.A.I.L.)
European hex sheet (web) 3 (3.2, (3.9 or 4.0))3.2, 4.0+(3.3, 4.0) - (3.5, 5.0+) 3.3, 4.0
Byzantine 3 Unit Byz expanded hexagonally as a web. J3-1 tessellation. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms Byz Dodecahedron. Contracts into Byz3U.
(Tutorial)
Byzantine Dodecahedron
Byzantine Web Triangle
(M.A.I.L.)
European hex sheet (web) 3 (3.2, (8.4 or 8.5))     3.3, 8.7
Byzantine 6 Unit Byz expanded hexagonally as a web with J6-1 tessellation. Contracts into Byz6U.
Byzantine Web Square
(M.A.I.L.)
European square sheet (web) 3 (3.2, (5.4 or 5.5)) (3.2, 5.5+) (3.3, 5.5) - (3.5, 5.5+) 3.3, 5.5
Byzantine 4 Unit Byz expanded into a square web with J4-1 tessellation. Contracts into Byz4U.
(Tutorial)
Denser Byzantine Cube
(M.A.I.L.)
European (directional) dimensional 2 >4.7-5.3+  5.3
Dense Byzantine Sheet Dense Byz Sheet layered dimensionally. 4-ring mobi integrated connections between Box cells.
Staggered Byzantine Cube (Ziggurat)
(M.A.I.L.)
European (directional) dimensional 2     -3.5 3.5
Staggered Byzantine Sheet Layered Staggered Byz Sheet. Initiated of Staggered Byz (Chain). Staggered Byzantine
Parallel Byzantine Cube European (directional) dimensional 5   -(4.0, 3.0, 2.7)+   4.0, 3.0, 2.7
Parallel Byzantine Sheet Layered Parallel Byz Sheet.
Byzantine Cube
(M.A.I.L.)
European (directional) dimensional 3   -(4.1, 3.3, 2.7)+   4.1, 3.3, 2.7
Byzantine Sheet Layered Byz Sheet.
Byzantine Web Square Cube
(M.A.I.L.)
European dimensional 2 (3.2, 5.4)(3.2, 5.4)(3.3, 5.5) - (3.4, 5.5+) 3.3, 5.5
Dimensionally expanding Byz. Captivates as CByz Web Square Cube. Orbits as Orbit Byz Web Square Cube.
(Tutorial)
Orbit Byzantine Web Square Cube

Trizantine

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Trizantine (Triz)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 3   (5.0, 3.8, >5.4)+ -(5.4, 4.3, 6.1)+ 5.4, 4.3, 6.1
5.4
Progression of Byz with extra set of rings in the middle of each Box cell. Smaller rings on outside improves behaviour. Larger connectors. Progresses to Quaterzantine. De-Byzantizes as Trees. Expands into Triz Sheet, Triz Web, Double Stuff Triz. Dimensionalizes as Triz Web Square Cube.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Trizantine Web Square Cube
Trees
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 3 4.1 4.1 - 4.3 4.3+ 4.3 De-Byzantized Triz. All cells face the same way.
Quaterzantine
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 4     single: 6.9+ 6.6, 6.0, 7.5, 8.4
Progression of Triz. Progresses to Quintazantine. Dimensionalizes as Quaterzantine Web Square Cube. Smaller ring set units: smaller on outside. Larger ring set for connectors: smaller on inside. Quaterzantine Web Square Cube
Quintazantine
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 5     (8.4, 9.4)+ 8.4, 9.4
Progression of Quaterzantine. Progresses to "Hectazantine". Dimensionalizes as Quintazantine Web Square Cube. Larger connectors. Quintazantine Web Square Cube
Hectazantine European chain 6       9.4, 10.3, 11.6 Progression of Quintazantine. Progresses to Heptazantine.
Trybzantine
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 5       4.5, 4.3, 3.9, 5.6
group
5-ring Box cells cross Byz and Triz grain.
Quatertrzantine European chain 7       6.5, 5.8, 6.7, 7.3
group
Trizantine 7-ring Box cells cross Triz and Quaterzantine grain. Quaterzantine
Quintaquatrzantine European chain 9       7.6, 8.0, 9.0
group
Quaterzantine 9-ring Box cells cross Quaterzantine and Quintazantine grain. Quintazantine
Dense Trizantine Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 6     -6.0+ 6.0
Triz chain sheet with tri-mobi connections between adjacent Box cells. Same connection scheme as in Dense Box Sheet, Pacman Sheet, Dense Byz Sheet, 1.5PS, Hoodoo Sqaure Sheet.
Dense Box Sheet Pacman Sheet Dense Byzantine Sheet One and a Half Persian Sheet Hoodoo Sheet
Trizantine Web European hex sheet (web) 4     (4.1, 5.1, 6.0, 6.9)+ 4.1, 5.1, 6.0, 6.9
Trizantine Triz expanded hexagonally as a web with J3-1 tessellation. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms Triz Dodecahedron. Large ring set is connectors. Trizantine Dodecahedron
Trizantine Web Square Cube European dimensional 3 ~(5.0, 3.8, 8.7)(5.0, 3.8, 8.7)+  5.0, 3.9, 8.7
Trizantine Dimensionally expanding Triz. Progression of Byz Web Square Cube. Small rings on outside edges of Triz units. Large connectors.
Quaterzantine Web Square Cube European dimensional 4       6.0, 5.8, 10.3, 9.9
Quaterzantine Dimensionally expanding Quaterzantine. Progression of Triz Web Square Cube.
Quintazantine Web Square Cube European dimensional 5       2WD
Quintazantine Dimensionally expanding Quintazantine. Progression of Quaterzantine Web Square Cube.

B^

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
B^ Chain European chain 5     -4.1+ 4.1, 3.6
(2)
4-2C of B^ units. Mirrored band is Byzee Beez to Butterflies.
B^2 B^5 B^7+1 B^10+1 Byzee Beez to Butterflies
Staggered B^ Chain European chain 4     -4.1+ 4.1, 3.6
(2)
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C of B^ unit knots with each alternating direction. Expands into B^ Web. B^ Web
B^ Web European sheet (web) 4     -(4.1, 3.9, 3.5)+ 4.1, 3.9, 3.5
Directional web with stretch. Contracts into Staggered B^ Chain. Staggerered B^ Chain
B^3 Web
(M.A.I.L.)
European hex sheet (web) 4     -4.9+ 4.9, 5.0
Bł J3-1 tessellation. Contracts into unit.

Captive European (26)

Captive Box | Captive Byzantine | Captive Inverted Round
Captive Roundmaille | Captive Turkish Round | Staggered Captive Inverted Round Sheet

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Captive Box (CBox) (C1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive European tube chain 2   -(4.2, 3.0) (4.4, 3.2) - (4.6, 3.4)+ 4.4, 3.2
4.2, 3.0
Box Box with 1 small captive ring per cell. Orbits as COBox(C1)(O1). Related to OBox(O1).
Captive Box (C2) Captive European tube chain 4 >(4.6, 3.4)-(4.9, 3.4)(4.9, 3.4) - (5.1, 3.6)+ 5.1, 3.6
4.9, 3.4
Box Box with 2 small captive rings per cell.
Captive Pacman (C1) Captive European chain 3       2WD
Pacman Pacman with 1 captive ring in each Box cell.
Captive Byzantine (CByz) (C1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive European chain 3 (3.5, 2.2, ~3.0)(3.5, 2.2, 3.1)+-(4.2, 2.9, 3.4)+ 4.2, 2.9, 3.4
Byzantine Byz with 1 small captive ring per Box cell. Related to OrbitByz(O1).
Captive Byzantine (C2) Captive European chain 3     -(5.1, 3.5)+ 5.1, 3.5
Byzantine Byz with 2 small captive rings per Box cell.
Captive Roundmaille (CRM) (C1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive European tube chain 2     3.8+ 3.8
Roundmaille RM with 1 captive ring per cell.
Captive Roundmaille (C2) Captive European tube chain 2 >3.8 -4.2   4.2
Roundmaille RM with 2 captive rings per cell.
Captive Turkish Round (CTR) (C1) Captive European chain 3   -(3.8, 3.2)+   3.8, 3.2
Turkish Round TR with 1 captive ring per RM cell. Ideal with smaller connector rings.
Captive Turkish Round (2) (C1)
M.A.I.L.
Captive European chain 3 3.8 3.8 - 4.2 4.2+ 4.2
Turkish Round TR with 1 captive ring per connection point.
Captive Turkish Round (3) (C1) Captive European chain 4   -4.6 4.6+ 4.6
Turkish Round TR with 1 captive ring per RM cell and 1 per connection point.
Captive Byzantine Web Square Cube (C1) Captive European dimensional 3 (3.5, 2.2, 5.4)(3.5, 2.2, 5.4)  3.6, 2.2, 5.4
3.7, 2.4, 5.4
Byzantine Web Square Cube Dimensionally expanding CByz(C1). Byz Web Square Cube with 1 small captive ring in each Box knot. Large connectors.

Captive Inverted Round

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR graduated (Article)
Captive Inverted Round (CIR) (C1)
(Maillepedia)
Captive European chain 2 4.7
(IR+1.2)
(+0.3=BW(R1))
(+0.4=RIR(R1))
4.7 - 5.8 5.3+ 4.9
5.9
Inverted Round IR with 1 captive ring per cell. Repeats into SCIRS(C1), CIRS(C1). Reinforced as BW(R1), RIR(R1). Quads as QCIR(C1).
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Captive Inverted Round (C2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive European chain 2 5.5
(-0.1=BW(R2))
(-0.1=RIR(R2))
5.5 - 6.1+6.1+ 6.1
Inverted Round IR with 2 captive rings per cell. Repeats into SCIRS(C2), CIRS(C2). Reinforced as BW(R2), RIR(R2).
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Bore Worm (R2)
Captive Inverted Round (C3) Captive European chain 3 6.4
(-0.7=BW(R3))
(-0.7=RIR(R3))
6.4 - 7.0+7.0+ 6.6
Inverted Round IR with 3 captive rings per cell. Repeats into SCIRS(C3), CIRS(C3). Reinforced as BW(R3), RIR(R3).
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Reinforced Inverted Round (R3)
Captive Inverted Round (C4) Captive European chain 3 7.4
(-1.0=BW(R4))
(-1.0=RIR(R4))
7.4 - 8.0+  7.4
Inverted Round IR with 4 captive rings per cell. Repeats into SCIRS(C4). Reinforced as BW(R4), RIR(R4).
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Captive Inverted Round (C5) Captive European chain 4 8.3
(-~1.2=BW(R5))
(-~1.2=RIR(R5))
8.3 - 8.8+  8.3
Inverted Round IR with 5 captive rings per cell. Reinforced as BW(R5), RIR(R5).
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Staggered Captive Inverted Round Sheet (SCIRS) (C1) Captive European sheet 4 5.4
(CIR(C1)+0.7)
(-0.2=SBWS(R1))
5.4 - 6.2+   5.4
Captive Inverted Round (C1) CIR(C1) chain sheet. Quads as SQCIRS(C1). Reinforced as SBWS(R1). Related to SQRIRS(R1), SCHC6-1S(C1).
(Tutorial), (2), (3)
Staggered Captive Inverted Round Sheet (C2)
(Maillepedia)
Captive European sheet 4 6.1
(CIR(C2)+0.6)
6.1 - 6.7+   6.1
cylinder
Captive Inverted Round (C2) CIR(C2) chain sheet. Reinforced as SBWS(R2). Related to SQRIRS(R2).
(Tutorial), (2), (3)
Staggered Captive Inverted Round Sheet (C3)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive European sheet 5 6.7
(CIR(C3)+0.3)
6.7 - 7.2+   7.0
7.2
Captive Inverted Round (C3) CIR(C3) chain sheet. Reinforced as SBWS(R3). Related to SQRIRS(R3).
(Tutorial), (2), (3)
Staggered Bore Worm Sheet (R3)
Staggered Captive Inverted Round Sheet (C4) Captive European sheet 5 7.5
(CIR(C4)+0.1)
7.5+   7.5
Captive Inverted Round (C4) CIR(C4) chain sheet. Reinforced as SBWS(R4).
(Tutorial), (2), (3)
Captive Inverted Round Sheet (CIRS) (C1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive European sheet 4 (4.8, 3.8) (4.8, 3.8)+   4.8, 3.8
Captive Inverted Round (C1) CIR(C1) chain sheet with half as many (and smaller) connectors as SCIRS(C1).
Captive Inverted Round Sheet (C2) Captive European sheet 4 (5.6, 3.8) (5.6, 3.8)+   5.6, 3.8
Captive Inverted Round (C2) CIR(C2) chain sheet with half as many (and smaller) connector rings as SCIRS(C2).
Captive Inverted Round Sheet (C3) Captive European sheet5 (6.6, 3.8) (6.6, 3.8)+   7.1, 3.95
Captive Inverted Round (C3) CIR(C3) chain sheet with half as many (and smaller) connector rings as SCIRS(C3).
Quad Captive Inverted Round (QCIR) (C1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive European chain 2 (5.3, (6.4 - 7.0**)) (5.3, 6.6) -(5.8, 7.9) (5.8, 7.9)+ 5.3, 6.9
5.6, 7.4
Quad Inverted Round 4-sided CIR(C1). QIR with 1 captive ring per cell. Repeats into SQCIRS(C1). Reinforced as QBW(R1), QRIR(R1). **Larger captive AR fills in cage better. Quad Bore Worm (R2)
Staggered Quad Captive Inverted Round Sheet (SQCIRS) (C1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive European sheet 4   -(6.3, 8.3)+   6.3, 8.3
Quad Captive Inverted Round (C1) QCIR(C1) chain sheet. 4-sided SCIRS(C1). Related to SQRIRS. Staggered Quad Reinforced Inverted Round Sheet (R3)
Quint Captive Inverted Round (C1) Captive European chain 2   2WD   2WD
5-sided CIR(C1). Very difficult to assemble. Completely impractical. Reinforced as QuintBW(R1), QuintRIR(R1). Sample .048" 5/16", .080" 1/2". Quint Reinforced Inverted Round (R2)

Captive Orbtial European (1)

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Captive Orbital Box (COBox) (C1) (O1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Orbital European tube chain 3     -8.3+ 8.3
Box Box with 1 captive ring per cell and 1 orbital ring around each connection point. Related to CBox(C1), OBox(O1).

Orbital European (20)

Dragonscale | Dragon Tail | Wyvernscale

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbital Box (OBox) (O1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European tube chain 2 single: ~6.6
(Box+~2.8)
single: 6.6+ -7.0+ 6.6
7.0
Box Box with 1 orbital ring around each connection point. Captivates as COBox(C1)(O1). Related to CBox(C1).
Orbital Byzantine (OByz) (O1) Orbital European chain 3     6.3+ 6.3
Byzantine Byz with 1 orbital ring around each Box cell connection point.

Orbit / Scaled++

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbit Box (O3) Orbital European tube chain 3       2WD
Box Box in alternating ring size with 3 large orbit rings around the small ring cells.
Orbit Byzantine (O1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European chain 3     -(5.1, 3.5, 5.6)+ 5.1, 3.5, 5.6
Byzantine Byz with 1 orbit ring around each set of connector rings. Related to CByz(C1).
Orbit Byzantine (2) (O3) Orbital European chain 3     -(3.3, 6.3)+ 3.3, 6.3
Byzantine Byz with 3 orbit rings around each Box unit. Dimensionalizes as Orbit Byz Web Square Cube (O3). Orbit rings cover Boxknots.
Orbit Turkish Round (O2) Orbital European chain 3   -(3.3, 6.5, 4.3)+   3.3, 6.5, 4.3
Turkish Round TR with 2 orbit rings around each set of connector rings. Related to CTR. OrbitTR(O1) related to OS unit. Oriental Scale
Quad Orbit Turkish Round (O1) Orbital European chain 3   -(3.5, 8.3)+   3.5, 8.3
Quad Turkish Round QTR with 1 orbit ring around each set of connector rings. Related to OS4 unit. Oriental Scale 4
Orbit Byzantine Web Square Cube (O3) Orbital European dimensional 3** ~(3.3, 7.9, 6.5) (3.3, 7.9, 6.5)+   3.3, 7.9, 6.5
(2)
Byzantine Web Square Cube Dimensionally expanding OrbitByz(2)(O3). Byz Web Square Cube with 3 medium orbit rings around each small Box segment. Large connector rings. **All rings in 3-ring stack are equal.
  (Scale-Locked E4-1)                
EO Lock Inline Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet 3       2WD
European 4 in 1 E4-1 locked into position by smaller, scaled in rings making AE connections.
EO Lock Staggered Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet 2       2WD
European 4 in 1 E4-1 locked into position by smaller, scaled in rings making AE connections. Staggered small ring row positions.

Dragonscale

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Typically oriented 180 degrees from samples displayed: large rings cascade down as scales.
Dragonscale (DS)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European sheet 2 (3.7, 5.7) (3.7, 5.7) - (3.7, 6.0) (3.8, 6.0) - (5.2, 7.2) 3.8, 6.0
4.8, 7.2
2 interwoven E4-1 sheets. Small ring OD < large (orbit) ring ID. Same WD has >= 2.0 AR difference. Expansion of/contracts into Wyvernscale, Shenanigans, DT, Helm Chain (small rings singled), Helm's Deep, Liberto Layered, Liberto Staggered. Kings as DDS. Further scales as KDS. Progresses to DS6-1.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4), (Video)
European 4 in 1 Shenanigans Dragon Tail Helm Chain Helm's Deep Liberto Staggered Liberto Layered Double Dragonscale King's Dragonscale
Dragonscale 6 in 1 (DS6-1) (Wyrmscale)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet 2     -(7.4, 9.9) 7.4, 9.9
(side)
European 6 in 1 Progression of DS. 2 interwoven E6-1 sheets. Contracts into Wyvernscale 6-1. Progresses to DS8-1.
Dragonscale 8 in 1 (DS8-1) Orbital European sheet 2     -(8.7, 11) 8.7, 11
European 8 in 1 Progression of DS6-1. 2 interwoven E8-1 sheets. Contracts into Wyvernscale 8-1. Progresses to DS10-1.
Wyvernscale
(M.A.I.L.), (Ice Dragon's Helm)**
Orbital European sheet 3     (3.5, 5.7) - (4.0, 6.2) 4.0, 6.2 DS contraction absent of every other row of small rings. **M.A.I.L. entry Ice Dragon's Helm is a width-limited band contraction with its small rings doubled.
Wyvernscale 6 in 1
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Orbital European sheet 3     -(6.0, 8.3)+ 6.0, 8.3 DS6-1 contraction absent of every other row of small rings.
Wyvernscale 8 in 1 Orbital European sheet 3     -(7.9, 10.2)+ 7.9, 10.2 DS8-1 contraction absent of every other row of small rings.

Dragon Tail

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Dragon Tail (DT)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 2 ~(4.7, 2.7)   (5.0, 3.0) - (5.5, 3.5) 5.5, 3.5
Dragonscale Biased DS chain contraction. Ring position slip if ARs too high, or ring size difference too great. Progresses along Half Persian line as DT3-1. Has variants.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Dragon Tail 3 in 1
Dragon Tail Sheet (DTS)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet 2     -(5.4, 3.4)+ 5.4, 3.4
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with each row scale ringed.
Dragon Tail Sheet Alternate
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Orbital European sheet 2     -(5.4, 3.4)+ 5.4, 3.4
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with each row scale ringed. Scale ring direction alternates.
Dragon Tail River (DTR)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet 3       2WD
European 4 in 1 Alternating handedness DT chains connect into a sheet with added large ring E4-1 connections that form underlying Snake Skin.

Reinforced European (35)

Reinforced Inverted Round | Reinforced Box/Byzantine

Bore Worm

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR graduated
RIR vs. BW
Reinforced Inverted Round cross sectionTriplicate: 3- or 6-sided
(Article)
Bore Worm (BW) (R1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced European chain 2 (4.7, 5.0)
single: 5.0
(IR+1.5)
(CIR(C1)+0.3)
(4.7, 5.0) - 5.4+   5.1
Inverted Round IR with 1 reinforced ring per cell. Optionally larger reinforced ring. Quads as QBW(R1). Related to RIR(R1).
Bore Worm (R2) Reinforced European chain 2 (5.2, 5.4)
single: 5.4
(BW(R1)+0.4)
(CIR(C2)-0.1)
(5.2, 5.4) - 5.8+   5.2, 5.4
Inverted Round IR with 2 reinforced rings per cell. Optionally (slightly) larger reinforced rings. Quads as QBW(R2). Related to RIR(R2). Reinforced Inverted Round (R2)
Bore Worm (R3) Reinforced European chain 3 5.7
(BW(R2)+0.3)
(CIR(C3)-0.7)
5.7+   5.7
Inverted Round IR with 3 reinforced rings per cell. Quads as QBW(R3). Related to RIR(R3). Captive Inverted Round (C3)
Bore Worm (R4) Reinforced European chain 3 6.4
(BW(R3)+0.7)
(CIR(C4)-1.0)
6.4+   6.6
Inverted Round IR with 4 reinforced rings per cell. Related to RIR(R4).
Bore Worm (R5) Reinforced European chain 4 7.1 or 7.2
(BW(R4)+~0.7)
(CIR(C5)-~1.2)
7.2+   7.2
Inverted Round IR with 5 reinforced rings per cell. Related to RIR(R5).
Staggered Bore Worm Sheet (SBWS) (R4)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European sheet 4   -7.0+   SBWS(R1-4)
7.0
(end)
Bore Worm (R4) BW(R4) chain sheet. Related to SCIRS(C4).
Staggered Bore Worm Sheet (R3) Reinforced European sheet 4 >5.8 -6.3+   6.3
Bore Worm (R3) BW(R3) chain sheet. Related to SCIRS(C3), SQRIRS(R3). Staggered Quad Reinforced Inverted Round (R3)
Staggered Bore Worm Sheet (R2) Reinforced European sheet 3 >5.4 -5.8+   5.8
Bore Worm (R2) BW(R2) chain sheet. Related to SCIRS(C2), SQRIRS(R2).
Staggered Bore Worm Sheet (R1) Reinforced European sheet 3 5.2
(BW(R1)+0.2)
(SCIRS(C1)-0.2)
5.2 - 5.4+ 5.4+ 5.4
5.2
Bore Worm (R1) BW(R1) chain sheet. Related to SCIRS(C1), SQRIRS(R1). Staggered Captive Inverted Round Sheet (C1)
Quad Bore Worm (QBW) (R1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European chain 2   -(5.8, 7.0)+   QRIR vs. QBW
5.8, 7.0
Quad Inverted Round 4-sided BW(R1). QIR with 1 reinforced ring per cell. Related to QRIR(R1), QCIR(C1). Quad Captive Inverted Round (C1)
Quad Bore Worm (R2) Reinforced European chain 2 (6.0, 7.2) (6.0, 7.2)+   6.0, 7.2
Quad Inverted Round 4-sided BW(R2). QIR with 2 reinforced rings per cell. Related to QRIR(R2).
Quad Bore Worm (R3) Reinforced European chain 3   -(6.8, 8.0)+   6.8, 8.0
Quad Inverted Round 4-sided BW(R3). QIR with 3 reinforced rings per cell. Related to QRIR(R3). Quad Reinforced Inverted Round (R3)
Quint Bore Worm (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European chain 2   -(7.2, 8.8)+   7.2, 8.8 5-sided BW(R2). Related to QuintRIR(R2).
Quint Bore Worm (R1) Reinforced European chain 2   -(7.2, 8.8)+ (7.2, 8.8)+ 7.2, 8.8
5-sided BW(R1). Related to QuintRIR(R1), QuintCIR(C1). Quint Reinforced Inverted Round (R1)
Sext Bore Worm (R1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European chain 2 ~(7.8, 11)(7.8, 11)+  7.8, 11
2WD**
6-sided BW(R1). Related to SextRIR(R1). **2WD sample: .048" 11/32" MD cage, .063" 1/2" MD reinforced. Sext Reinforced Inverted Round (R1)
Sept Bore Worm (R1) Reinforced European chain 2 ~(8.8, 13) (8.8, 13)+   8.8, 13
(end)
7-sided BW(R1).

Reinforced Inverted Round

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR RIR vs. BW
Reinforced Inverted Round cross sectionTriplicate: 3- or 6-sided
(Article)
Reinforced Inverted Round (RIR) (R1) Reinforced European chain 2 (4.7, 5.1)
single: 5.1
(IR+1.6)
(CIR(C1)+0.4)
(4.7, 5.1) - 5.4+   5.1
Inverted Round IR with 1 reinforced ring per cell. 2nd min AR value is reinforced ring. Quads as QRIR(R1). Related to BW(R1).
Reinforced Inverted Round (R2) Reinforced European chain 2 (5.2, 5.4)
single: 5.4
(RIR(R1)+0.3)
(CIR(C2)-0.1)
(5.2, 5.4) - 5.8+   5.2, 5.4
Inverted Round IR with 2 reinforced rings per cell. 2nd min AR value is reinforced rings. Quads as QRIR(R2). Related to BW(R2). Bore Worm (R2)
Reinforced Inverted Round (RIR) (R3)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced European chain 3 5.7
(RIR(R2)+0.3)
(CIR(C3)-0.7)
5.7+   5.9
Inverted Round IR with 3 reinforced rings per cell. Quads as QRIR(R3). Related to BW(R3). Captive Inverted Round (C3)
Reinforced Inverted Round (R4)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European chain 3 6.4
(RIR(R3)+0.7)
(CIR(C4)-1.0)
6.4+  6.6
Inverted Round IR with 4 reinforced rings per cell. Related to BW(R4).
Reinforced Inverted Round (R5) Reinforced European chain 4 7.1 or 7.2
(RIR(R4)+~0.7)
(CIR(C5)-~1.2)
7.2+  7.2
Inverted Round IR with 5 reinforced rings per cell. Related to BW(R5).
Quad Reinforced Inverted Round (QRIR) (R1) Reinforced European chain 2 ~(5.8, 7.2) (5.8, 7.2)+ (6.2, 7.4)+ 5.8, 7.2
Quad Inverted Round 4-sided RIR(R1). QIR with 1 reinforced ring per cell. Related to QBW(R1), QCIR(C1). Quad Captive Inverted Round (C1)
Quad Reinforced Inverted Round (R2) Reinforced European chain2   -(6.2, 7.4)+   6.2, 7.4
Quad Inverted Round 4-sided RIR(R2). QIR with 2 reinforced rings per cell. Related to QBW(R2).
Quad Reinforced Inverted Round (R3)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European chain 3 ~(6.8, 8.0) (6.8, 8.0) - (7.2, 8.8)+   QRIR vs. QBW
7.2, 8.8
Quad Inverted Round 4-sided RIR(R3). QIR with 3 reinforced rings per cell. Related to QBW(R3). Quad Bore Worm (R3)
Staggered Quad Reinforced Inverted Round Sheet (SQRIRS) (R3)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European sheet 4   -(7.2, 8.8, 5.8)+   7.2, 8.8, 5.8
Quad Reinforced Inverted Round (R3) QRIR(R3) chain sheet. 3 ring sizes: medium cage rings, large reinforced rings, small connector rings. Related to SCIRS(C3), SBWS(R3), SQCIRS. Staggered Bore Worm Sheet (R3)
Staggered Quad Reinforced Inverted Round Sheet (R2) Reinforced European sheet 3   -(6.8, 7.9, 6.0)+   6.8, 7.9, 6.0
Quad Reinforced Inverted Round (R2) QRIR(R2) chain sheet. 3 ring sizes: medium cage rings, large reinforced rings, small connector rings. Related to SCIRS(C2), SBWS(R2), SQCIRS.
Quint Reinforced Inverted Round (R1) Reinforced European chain 2 ~(7.0, 9.9)(7.0, 9.9)+  7.0, 9.9
5-sided RIR(R1). Related to QuintBW(R1), QuintCIR(C1). Quint Captive Inverted Round (C1)
Quint Reinforced Inverted Round (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European chain 2   -(7.8, 11)+   7.8, 11
5-sided RIR(R2). Related to QuintBW(R2). Quint Bore Worm (R1)
Sext Reinforced Inverted Round (R1) Reinforced European chain 2       8.3, 13
6-sided RIR(R1). Related to SextBW(R1). Sext Bore Worm (R1)

Reinforced Box / Byzantine

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Reinforced Fire Box (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European tube chain 2   -6.6+ 7.0+ 7.0
Box Box with 2 reinforced rings per cell. Same concept as FW(R2) reinforcing FP6-1. "Reinforced Ice Box" also possible.
Reinforced Wind Box (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced European tube chain 2 >6.6-7.4-7.9+ 7.9
Box Box with 2 reinforced rings per cell. Same concept as WW(R2) reinforcing FP6-1. "Reinforced Earth Box", "Reinforced Wind Byz", "Reinforced Earth Byz" also possible. Wind Wyrm (R2)
Reinforced Fire Byzantine (R2) European chain 3     -(5.6, 4.7)+ 5.6, 4.7
Byzantine Byz with 2 reinforced rings added to each Box cell, inserted: around 2, through 2, around 2, through 2.
Reinforced Ice Byzantine (R2) European chain 3     -(5.6, 4.7)+ 5.6, 4.7
Byzantine Byz with 2 reinforced rings added to each Box cell, inserted: around 2, through 2, around 2, through 2. Insertion points alternate with each cell.
Reinforced Wind Byzantine (R2) European chain 3     -(6.0, 5.3)+ 6.0, 5.3
(vs.)
Byzantine Byz with 2 reinforced ring added to each Box cell, inserted: around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1.
Reinforced Earth Byzantine (R2) European chain 3     -(6.0, 5.3)+ 6.0, 5.3
(vs.)
Byzantine Byz with 2 reinforced ring added to each Box cell, inserted: around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1. Insertion points alternate with each cell.

Extended European Weaves (17)

Candy Cane Cord | Cobra/Hinge | Dark Elf | Elfsheet
Elven Rope | Freyja | Nidhogg | Pterodactyl | Tiffany

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
European 4 in 1 Thrice
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 2     (3.8, 7.2) - (4.7, 9.9) 4.7, 9.9
European 4 in 1 Large ring E4-1 with added small rings. Large rings pass through 8, small through 4.
(Tutorial), (2)
Double Maille
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2     -4.5+ 4.5
European 4 in 1 2 layered E4-1 sheets. 1/2 of the rings are 6 in 1.
(Tutorial)
Triple Maille
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 4     -4.7+ 4.7
European 4 in 1 3 layered E4-1 sheets.
Cobra/Hinge
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2     4.5 - 4.8+ 4.5
4.8
E4-1 variant. 6 in 1 sheet.
Nidhogg
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 2     -(3.4, 6.7)+ 3.4, 6.7
(Freyja -> Nidhogg)
Extended European chain weave. (Video)
Nidhogg Inline 4 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 2     -(3.4, 6.7)+ 3.4, 6.7 Extended European chain weave.
Freyja
(Maillepedia)
European chain 2 ~(4.3, 6.5) (4.3, 6.5) (4.5+, -6.9+)** 4.5, 6.9
Loop
(Freyja -> Nidhogg)
Extended European chain weave. **Relationship between two ring sizes important to avoid (large) ring slip.
Pterodactyl
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 3     2.4, 4.6+ 2.4, 4.6
Single lean row held together with smaller edge rings: TE one side, AE other, alternating. See also: Lucid. Lucid

Elf / Elven

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Elfweave Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain
(band)
2 single: 3.6 3.6 3.7 - 3.8 3.7
3.9
Elfsheet Expands into/contraction of Elfsheet. AR-sensitive.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4), (Joining), (Video)
Elven Rope (Dark Elf)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 2     4.3 - 4.5+ 4.5
See also Staggered Persian Elven Rope, FP6-1Elven Rope, FP6-1Elven Twist, FP8-1Elven Twist. Staggered Persian Elven Rope
Elfweave Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 2 {4.0}   4.2 - 4.5+ 4.2
Thick, layered sheet weave. Expansion of/contracts into Elfweave Chain.
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Elfweave Chain
Tiffany
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European sheet 2     4.7 - 5.0+ 4.7 Denser (6 in 1) modification of Elfsheet.
(Tutorial), (Video)

Candy Cane Cord

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Candy Cane Cord (CCC)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 1 ~4.34.3 - 4.64.7 - 5.0 4.7
Braided 6 in 1 chain. Kings as KCCC. Scales as SCCC.
(Tutorial), (2), (Video), (2)
King Candy Cane Cord Scaled Candy Cane Cord
Candy Cane Cord Spiral
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 1   4.6 4.7 - 5.4+ 5.4 Braided 6 in 1 chain. Spiral more pronounced at lower AR.
Candy Cane Cord Alternating
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain   ~4.6 4.7 -5.3 5.3 Braided 6 in 1 chain.
Tri-Candy Cane Cord (Tri-CCC) European chain 1   -6.0+ 6.5 - 7.1+ 7.1
(vs.)
Triplicate version of CCC. Braided 6 in 1 chain.
Tri-Candy Cane Cord Spiral European chain 1     6.0 - 7.1+ 7.1
(vs.)
Triplicate version of CCC Spiral. Braided 6 in 1 chain. Spiral more pronounced at lower AR.

AR Legend
Japanese | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
European | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Spiral | Mage | Band | Hybrid | King | Scaled


Persian (252)

Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced | Extended
Half Persian | Quarters Persian | Full Persian | Hilt Chain | Wyrm | B8FP | RM8HC
3QP | FP6 | 1.5P | 1HLS | 2.5P | 2HLS | Assyrian | Cloudy Day | Command | Conquer | Crossover
Dense | Double | Earth Wyrm | Enceladus | Fieldstone | Fire Wyrm | Flat | Forars Kaede | Gemini | Grizzly
GSG | Ice Wyrm | JPL | Levante | One and a Half Half Persian | Overfull | Paddy's Sheet | Persiantine | Power Tower
Sandstone | Shuttle | Soyuz | Split | Sweetpea | Syringa | Tri-Force | Ulu | Viperscale | Wind Wyrm | Windmill | XX-Weave | Yucca

Half Persian

HP3 | HP4 | HP5 | HP6 | HP7+
Dragon Tail | Tube | Symmetrical

Image (Half Persian 2) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample
Half Persian 2 in 1 (unstable) "HP2-1" is uncollapsed 2-1C. Expands into HP2-1x1.5 (JPL). See also 4 Winds, and Hybrid. Jens Pind Linkage (JPL)
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 (HP2S4-1) (Persian 4 in 1 Sheet)
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
(Maillepedia)
Persian sheet 1 >4.2**   5.0 - 5.7 4.8
5.1
5.4
Kings as HP4S8-2. Tubes as Power Tower, Tri-Force, Ulu. Contracts into HP2-1Spine, HP3-1Flip. **Forced curl < 5.0 AR.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4), (AR Comparison)
Half Persian 2 Sheet 8 in 2 HP2S4-1 Tube 4 (Power Tower) HP2S4-1 Tube 3 (Tri-Force) Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 2 Half Persian 2 in 1 Spine Half Persian 3 in 1 Flip
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Variant Alternating
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1     -5.3+ 5.3
HP2-1 chains divided by rows of single TE connections (E4-1 connectivity). Constant alternation provides braided appearance on one side of sheet. Kings as HP4S8-2 Variant Alt. Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Variant Alt
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Waves Persian sheet 1 >4.1   -4.6 - 5.3 4.6
HP2S4-1 Variant Alternating with the HP2-1 peaks on both sides of the sheet. Kings as HP4S8-2 Waves. Progresses to HP3S5-1 Waves. Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Waves
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Alternate Waves Persian sheet 1     -4.6+ 4.6
HP2 peaks pushed into "opposite" configuration. Kings as HP4S8-2 Alt Waves. Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Alternate Waves
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Reversing Waves Persian sheet 1     -4.6+ 4.6
Successive HP peaks on either sheet side alternate between "proper" and "opposite" configurations. Kings as HP4S8-2 Reversing Waves. Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Reversing Waves
Cloudy Day
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet   ~3.5   -3.7 - 4.1 3.9
Half Persian 3 in 1 Flip Expansion of/contracts into HP3-1Flip. Kings as King Cloudy Day.
(Tutorial)
King Cloudy Day
Half Persian 3 in 1 Flip
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1 {3.0}   3.1 - 3.9 (five samples)
4.2
HP2-1-based chain, despite name. Expands into/contraction of HP2S4-1, Cloudy Day. Kings as HP6-2Flip. Suspends into slight spiral.
(Tutorial), (2)
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Cloudy Day Half Persian 6 in 2 Flip

Half Persian 3

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample (Article)
Half Persian 3 in 1 (HP3-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 1 <3.7**   3.9 - 4.8 4.3
Naturally unbalanced (2:1). Unnaturally balances as (AR-locked) HP3-1Sym. Kings as HP6-2. Expands into DHP3-1, THP3-1, QHP3-1, HP3-1x1.5, 3QP, 3QPS6-1. Half (2 adjacent facings) of FP6-1. 1/3 of HC6-1. 2 rows wide HP3S6-1. Progresses to HP5-1, HP4-1U. **Curls < 3.9.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (Video)
Half Persian 3 in 1 Symmetrical Half Persian 6 in 2 Double Half Persian 3 in 1 Triple Half Persian 3 in 1 One And A Half Half Persian 3 in 1 
(HP3-1x1.5) Three Quarters Persian Full Persian 6 in 1 Hilt Chain 6 in 1
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 (HP3S6-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian sheet 1 4.8
(-0.2=GSG)
4.8 - 5.3 5.5 - 7.2+ 5.0
7.2
Contracts into HP3-1, GSG. Kings as HP6S12-2. Expands into DHP3S6-1. Progresses to HP5S10-1, HP4US8-1. Related to 3QPS6-1.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (Video)
Half Persian 3 in 1 GSG Half Persian 6 Sheet 12 in 2 Double Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 Three Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 [HP3/E6] Persian sheet 1     -8.0+ 8.0
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 sheet divided by E6-1 connections.
Half Persian 3 Lotus Sheet 6 in 1 (True Flat Full Persian Sheet)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1     -6.6+ 6.6
(side)
Half Persian 3 in 1 Alternating handedness HP3-1 sheet with each divided by inverted HP3-1 connections, putting braid pattern on one side. Contracts into HP3-1 Band. Half Persian 3 in 1 Band
Half Persian 3 Braid Sheet 6 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian sheet 1 ~6.7 6.7+ 7.3 - 7.6+ 7.3
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 sheet with every added HP3-1 row inverted. Braid pattern on both sides of the sheet.
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 (HP3S5-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian sheet 1     5.1+ 5.1
(2)
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 sheet with each divided by E4-1 connection.
(Tutorial), (2)
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 Waves
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
Persian sheet 1     5.0+ 5.0
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 chain sheet with subsequent ones alternating sheet side; each divided by single row of E4-1 connections. Progression of HP2S4-1 Waves. Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Waves
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 Alternate (Paddy's Sheet)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1 5.5 5.5+ -5.8+ 5.8 HP3-1 sheet with each divided by HP2-1 connection. Front and back have slightly different appearance.
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 Alternate 2
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1     -5.4+ 5.4 HP3-1 chain sheet with each divided by "HP2-1" connection. Successive HP3-1 chains alternate handedness. Braided appearance on back.
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 Crossover
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2  -6.36.4 - 7.2+ 7.2 HP3-1 sheet. Each ring also grabs 1 ring from each of 2 adjacent rows. Crossover continued with HP4S Crossover.
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 3 Sheet 4 in 1 (HP3S4-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2 >4.1   -4.6+ 4.6 HP3-1 sheet divided by 1-1 connections.
Half Persian 3 Sheet 4 in 1 Alternate Persian sheet 1 >4.1   -4.6+ 4.6 HP3-1 chain sheet divided by 1-1 connections. Each HP3 chain faces the same direction. Not fully stable.
Half Persian 3 in 1 Sheet Ribbed
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2     -4.4+ 4.4 Sheet of HP3-1 chain strips bolted together in series.

Half Persian 4

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample (Article)
Half Persian 4 in 1 (HP4-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 1 4.4 4.4 4.7 - 5.9 4.7
5.1
5.9
Naturally balanced (2:2). Kings as HP8-2. Expands into DHP4-1, THP4-1, HP4-1x1.5. Half (2 adjacent facings) of FP8-1. Progresses to HP6-1. Rectangular cross section.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (Video), (2)
Half Persian 8 in 2 Double Half Persian 4 in 1 Triple Half Persian 4 in 1 One And A Half Half Persian 4 in 1 Full Persian 8 in 1 Half Persian 6 in 1
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 1 (HP4S8-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1     -9.1+ 9.1 Contracts into HP4-1.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 7 in 1 (HP4S7-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1     -9.0+ 9.0 HP4-1 sheet divided by HP3-1 connections.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 7 in 1 [HP4-E6] Persian sheet 1     -9.4+ 9.4 HP4-1 sheet divided by E6-1 connectors.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 in 1 (HP4S6-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1     -7.6+ 7.6 HP4-1 chain sheet with E4-1 connections on 1 side.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 Crossover
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2     -7.2 - 7.7+ 7.7 HP4-1 sheet. Each ring also grabs 1 ring from each of 2 adjacent rows.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 Crossover EDF** Persian sheet 1**     7.2 - 7.7+ 7.7 HP4-1 sheet. Unlike standard version, All rings protrude on one side, and are nestled on the other: **EDF = Equal Distribution of Force. Continuous sheet expansion is less angled than non-EDF version.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 Half Grooved Crossover Persian sheet 4     -7.7+ 7.7 HP4-1 sheet. Each ring also grabs 1 ring from each of 2 adjacent rows. Grooved on one side of the sheet.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 Grooved Crossover Persian sheet 1 >8.2   -9.5+ 9.5 HP4-1 sheet. Each ring also grabs 1 ring from each of 2 adjacent rows. Grooved on both sides of the sheet.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 Crossover
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1   -10.2 10.2+ 10.2 HP4-1 sheet. Each ring also grabs 2 rings from each of 2 adjacent rows using AE connections.
Conquer
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1     -9.1+ 9.1
(2)
HP4-1 chain sheet with E4-1 connections on front and back of sheet.
Command
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1     -8.7+ 8.7 HP4-1 chains turned sideways sheet with E4-1 connections on front and back of sheet.
  (HP4 Unbalanced)                
Half Persian 4 in 1 Unbalanced (HP4-1U) (Half Persian 3+1 in 1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1   -7.8 - 8.0 8.0+ 7.8
Unbalanced (3:1). 2 rows wide HP4US8-1. Half of FP8-1U. Progression of HP3-1. Progresses to HP5-1U. Expands into 3QPS8-1U. Full Persian 8 in 1 Unbalanced
Half Persian 4 Unbalanced Sheet 8 in 1 (HP4US8-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1   -8.0+   8.0
Contracts into HP4-1U. Progression of HP3S6-1. Progresses to HP5US10-1, HP6US12-1. Related to 3QPS8-1U. Three Quarters Persian Sheet 8 in 1 Unbalanced
Half Persian 4 Unbalanced Sheet 7 in 1 (HP4US7-1) Persian sheet 1     >7.6**
-8.0+
8.0 HP4-1U chain sheet with each divided by E6-1 connections. **Inward forced curl at 7.6.

Half Persian 5

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample (Article)
Half Persian 5 in 1 (HP5-1)
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
Persian chain 1     6.3 - 8.0 8.0
Naturally unbalanced (3:2). Unnaturally balances as HP5-1Sym. 2 rows wide HP5S10-1. Expands into DHP5-1, 3QPS10-1. Half (2 adjacent facings) of FP10-1. Progression of HP3-1. Progresses to HP7-1.
Half Persian 5 in 1 Symmetrical Double Half Persian 5 in 1 Full Persian 10 in 1
Half Persian 5 Sheet 10 in 1 (HP5S10-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1 >8.0 -9.4+   9.4
Contracts into HP5-1. Progression of HP3S6-1, HP4US8-1. Progresses to HP7S14-1, HP6US12-1. Related to 3QPS10-1. Three Quarters Persian Sheet 10 in 1
Half Persian 5 Sheet 9 in 1 Persian sheet 1     9.8+ 9.1**
9.8
HP5-1 chain sheet with each divided by E8-1 connection. **Curls at 9.1.
  (HP5 Unbalanced)                
Half Persian 5 in 1 Unbalanced (HP5-1U)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1     -13.4+ 13.4
Extremely unbalanced (4:1). Two rows wide HP5US10-1. Half of FP10-1U. Progression of HP4-1U. Progresses to HP6-1U (4:2). Expands into 3QPS10-1U. Curls < very large AR. Full Persian 10 in 1 Unbalanced
Half Persian 5 Unbalanced Sheet 10 in 1 (HP5US10-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1   -12.0+ -13.4+ 12.0
13.4
Contracts into HP5-1U. Progression of HP4US8-1. Progresses to HP6US12-1 (4:2), HP6US12-1 (5:1). Related to 3QPS10-1U. Three Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 Unbalanced

Half Persian 6

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample (Article)
Half Persian 6 in 1 (HP6-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1 {7.2}   -8.0+ 8.0 Naturally balanced (3:3). Half of FP12-1. Progression of HP4-1. Progresses to HP8-1. Rectangular cross section.
(Tutorial)
  (HP6 Unbalanced)                
Half Persian 6 in 1 Unbalanced (HP6-1U)
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
Persian chain 1   -9.1+ -10.8 - 12.5 9.1
flip
10.8
12.5
Unbalanced (4:2). 2 rows wide HP6US12-1. Half of FP12-1U. Progression of HP5-1U. Progresses to HP7-1U. Expands into 3QPS12-2U.
(Tutorial), (2)
Full Persian 12 in 1 Unbalanced
Half Persian 6 Unbalanced Sheet 12 in 1 (HP6US12-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 1 >9.1 -10.8+   10.8
Contracts into HP6-1U. Progression of HP4US8-1, HP5US10-1. Related to 3QPS12-1U. Three Quarters Persian Sheet 12 in 1 Unbalanced
Half Persian 6 Unbalanced Sheet 10 in 1 (HP6US10-1) Persian sheet 1     -12.5+ 12.5 HP6-1 chain sheet with each divided by E8-1 connection.

Half Persian 7+

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample (Article)
Half Persian 7 in 1 (HP7-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1   -9.4 9.4 - 10.8 9.4
flip
10.3
Naturally unbalanced (4:3). Two rows wide HP7S14-1. Half of FP14-1. Progression of HP5-1. Progresses to HP9-1. Expands into 3QPS14-1. Unnaturally balances as HP7-1Sym. Full Persian 14
Half Persian 7 Sheet 14 in 1 (HP7S14-1) Persian sheet 1 >12.5     12.5** Contracts into HP7-1. Progression of HP5S10-1, HP6US12-1. Progresses to HP9S18-1, HP8US16-1. **Locks up at 12.5.
  (HP8)                
Half Persian 8 in 1 (HP8-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1   - 10.3 10.3+ 10.3 Naturally balanced (4:4). Half of FP16-1. Progression of HP6-1. Progresses to HP10-1.
  (HP9)                
Half Persian 9 in 1 (HP9-1) Persian chain 1     -12.5+ 12.5 Naturally unbalanced (5:4). Two rows wide HP9S18-1. Half of FP18-1. Expands into TQPS18-1. Progression of HP7-1. Progresses to HP11-1. Unnaturally balances as HP9-1Sym.
  (HP10)                
Half Persian 10 in 1 (HP10-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1 >12.5     12.5** Naturally balanced (5:5). Half of FP20-1. Progression of HP8-1. Progresses to HP12-1. **Locks up at 12.5.

Jens Pind / One And A Half Half Persian

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Jens Pind Linkage (JPL) (HP2-1x1.5) (One And A Half Half Persian 2 in 1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian, (Spiral) chain 1 2.7
(max AR: ~3.2)
  2.8 - 3.1 2.9
Half Persian 2 in 1 (unstable) "HP2-1" with an added row down its center. AR-locked Spiral4-1. 3 AE ring rows, each with its own lean direction.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (Video)
Spiral 4 in 1
One And A Half Half Persian 3 in 1 (HP3-1x1.5)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 1 ~5.8 5.8+ -6.2 6.2
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 with an added row down its center.
(Tutorial)
One And A Half Half Persian 4 in 1 (HP4-1x1.5)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 1     -6.4+ 6.4
(2)
Half Persian 4 in 1 HP4-1 with an added row down its center.
(Tutorial)
  Also found at M.A.I.L.:
Jens Pind Linkage 4
Jens Pind Linkage 5
Jens Pind Linkage 7
Jens Pind Linkage 5x2
Jens Pind Linkage 3x2.5
Jens Pind Linkage 3x3
Jens Pind Linkage (2)
               

Half Persian Dragon Tail

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample (Persian) Progression of (European) Dragon Tail.
Not to be confused with Persian Dragontail.
Dragon Tail 3 in 1 (DT3-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Persian chain 2     -(6.8, 4.7)+ 6.8, 4.7
Dragon Tail DT scaled version of HP3-1. Half Persian 3 in 1
Dragon Tail 4 in 1 (DT4-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Persian chain 2     -(8.0, 5.7)+ 8.0, 5.7
Dragon Tail DT scaled version of HP4-1. Half Persian 4 in 1
Dragon Tail 5 in 1 (DT5-1) Orbital Persian chain 2     -(9.8, 7.5)+ 9.8, 7.5
Dragon Tail DT scaled version of HP5-1. Half Persian 5 in 1
Dragon Tail 6 in 1 (DT6-1) Orbital Persian chain 2     -(11.0, 8.7)+ 11.0, 8.7
Dragon Tail DT scaled version of HP6-1. Half Persian 6 in 1

Half Persian Tube

Image (HP2 Tube) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 2 (Ulu)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian tube chain 1     -5.4+ 5.4
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 HP2S4-1 2-sided tube. Kings as HP4S8-2 Tube 2. Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Tube 2
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 3 (Tri-Force)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian tube chain 1 4.3 or 4.4
(+3.1=Kinged)
-4.4 4.6+ 4.6
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 HP2S4-1 3-sided tube. Kings as HP4S8-2 Tube 3. Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Tube 3
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 4 (Power Tower)
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
Persian tube chain 1 4.2   4.2 - 4.4 4.2
(end)
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 HP2S4-1 4-sided tube. Kings as HP4S8-2 Tube 4. Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Tube 4
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 5 Persian tube chain 1     4.2 - 4.4 4.3
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 HP2S4-1 5-sided tube.
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 6 Persian tube chain 1     4.2 - 4.4 4.3
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 HP2S4-1 6-sided tube.
  (HP3 Tube)                
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 Tube 2 (Full Persian 5 in 1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian tube chain 1     -6.1+ 6.1
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 HP3S5-1 2-sided tube.
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 Tube 3 (Persian 5 in 1 Roundmaille)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian tube chain 1     -4.9+ 4.9
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 HP3S5-1 3-sided tube. a.k.a. "Trianglemaille".
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 Tube 4 (Half Persian 3 in 1 Sheet 5 Box)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian tube chain 1     -4.7+ 4.7
Half Persian 3 Sheet 5 in 1 HP3S5-1 4-sided tube. a.k.a. "Squaremaille".
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 [HP3/E6] Tube 2 Persian tube chain 1     -8.5+ 8.5
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 (HP3/E6) HP3S6-1 [HP3/E6] 2-sided tube.
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 [HP3/E6] Tube 3 (Tri-Force 6 in 1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian tube chain 1     -6.7+ 6.7
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 (HP3/E6) HP3S6-1 [HP3/E6] 3-sided tube.
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 [HP3/E6] Tube 4 Persian tube chain 1     -6.7+ 6.7
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 (HP3/E6) HP3S6-1 [HP3/E6] 4-sided tube.
Image (HP4 Tube) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 in 1 Tube 2 Persian tube chain 1 ~8.5 8.5+   8.5
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 in 1 HP4S6-1 2-sided tube.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 in 1 Tube 3 Persian tube chain 1 6.4 6.4 6.5+ 6.4
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 in 1 HP4S6-1 3-sided tube.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 in 1 Tube 4 Persian tube chain 1     -6.4+ 6.4
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 in 1 HP4S6-1 4-sided tube.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 7 in 1 [HP4/E6] Tube 2 Persian tube chain 1     -11.1+ 11.1
Half Persian 4 Sheet 7 in 1 (HP4S7-1) (HP4/E6) HP4S7-1 [HP4/E6] 2-sided tube.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 7 in 1 [HP4/E6] Tube 3 Persian tube chain 1     -9.0+ 9.0
Half Persian 4 Sheet 7 in 1 (HP4S7-1) (HP4/E6) HP4S7-1 [HP4/E6] 3-sided tube.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 7 in 1 [HP4/E6] Tube 4 Persian tube chain 1     -8.6 8.6
Half Persian 4 Sheet 7 in 1 (HP4S7-1) (HP4/E6) HP4S7-1 [HP4/E6] 4-sided tube.
  (HP4 Unbalanced Tube)                
Half Persian 4 Unbalanced Sheet 7 in 1 Tube 2 Persian tube chain 1     -9.5+ 9.5
Half Persian 4 Unbalanced Sheet 7 in 1 HP4US7-1 2-sided tube.
Half Persian 4 Unbalanced Sheet 7 in 1 Tube 3 Persian tube chain 1     -7.6+ 7.6
Half Persian 4 Unbalanced Sheet 7 in 1 HP4US7-1 3-sided tube.
Half Persian 4 Unbalanced Sheet 7 in 1 Tube 4 Persian tube chain 1     -7.6+ 7.6
Half Persian 4 Unbalanced Sheet 7 in 1 HP4US7-1 4-sided tube.
  (HP5 Tube)                
Half Persian 5 Sheet 9 in 1 Tube 2 Persian tube chain 1 ~11.1 11.1+   11.1
Half Persian 5 Unbalanced Sheet 10 in 1 HP5S9-1 2-sided tube.
Half Persian 5 Sheet 9 in 1 Tube 3 Persian tube chain 1     -8.3+ 8.3
Half Persian 5 Unbalanced Sheet 10 in 1 HP5S9-1 3-sided tube.
Half Persian 5 Sheet 9 in 1 Tube 4 Persian tube chain 1     -7.9+ 7.9
Half Persian 5 Unbalanced Sheet 10 in 1 HP5S9-1 4-sided tube.

Symmetrical Half Persian

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Half Persian 3 in 1 Symmetrical (HP3-1Sym)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1 3.1
(max AR: ~3.4)
3.1 - 3.2 3.3 - 3.4 3.3
Half Persian 3 in 1 Unnaturally balanced HP3-1. (2:1), (1:2) continually alternate. Progresses to HP5-1Sym. AR-sensitive. Must be AR-locked, otherwise yield is a E4-1 Bias. European 4 in 1 Bias
Half Persian 5 in 1 Symmetrical (HP5-1Sym)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1     5.7 - 8.0 8.0
Half Persian 5 in 1 Unnaturally balanced HP5-1. (3:2), (2:3) continually alternate. Kings as HP10-2 Sym. Progression of AR-locked HP3-1Sym. Progresses to HP7-1Sym. Half Persian 10 in 2 Symmetrical
Half Persian 7 in 1 Symmetrical (HP7-1Sym)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1 >7.1   8.0 - 9.8 9.4
Half Persian 7 in 1 Unnaturally balanced HP7-1. (4:3), (3:4) continually alternate. Progression of HP5-1Sym. Progresses to HP9-1Sym. Half Persian 9 in 1 Symmetrical
Half Persian 9 in 1 Symmetrical Persian chain 1     -12.5+ 12.5
Half Persian 9 in 1 Unnaturally balanced HP9-1. (5:4), (4:5) continually alternate. Progression of HP7-1. Progresses to HP11-1Sym.
Half Persian 6 in 1 Symmetrical 4-3-2 Persian chain 2     -7.6 7.6 HP6-1 variant with continually repeating three-ring up/down ratio sequence (4:2), (3:3), (2:4).
Half Persian 8 in 1 Symmetrical 5-4-3 Persian chain 2     -11.5 11.5 HP8-1 variant with continually repeating three-ring up/down ratio sequence (5:3), (4:4), (3:5).
Half Persian 10 in 1 Symmetrical 6-5-4 Persian chain 2     11.5+ 11.5 HP10-1 variant with continually repeating three-ring up/down ratio sequence (6:4), (5:5), (4:6).
Half Persian 7 in 1 Symmetrical 5-4-3-2 Persian chain 2     -10.2 10.2 HP7-1 variant with continually repeating four-ring up/down ratio sequence (5:2), (4:3), (3:4), (2:5).
Half Persian 9 in 1 Symmetrical 6-5-4-3 Persian chain 2     10.6+ 10.6 HP9-1 variant with continually repeating four-ring up/down ratio sequence (6:3), (5:4), (4:5), (3:6).
Half Persian 8 in 1 Symmetrical 6-5-4-3-2 Persian chain 3     -10.2+ 10.2 HP8-1 variant with continually repeating five-ring up/down ratio sequence (6:2), (5:3), (4:4), (3:5), (2:6).
Half Persian 10 in 1 Symmetrical 7-6-5-4-3 Persian chain 3     11.5+ 11.5 HP10-1 variant with continually repeating five-ring up/down ratio sequence (7:3), (6:4), (5:5), (4:6), (3:7).
Half Persian 9 in 1 Symmetrical 7-6-5-4-3-2 Persian chain 3     11.0+ 11.0 HP9-1 variant with continually repeating six-ring up/down ratio sequence (7:2), (6:3), (5:4), (4:5), (3:6), (2:7).

Quarters Persian

3QP | 4QP | 5QP | 6QP

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample (FP Article)
(HP Article)
Three Quarters Persian (3QP)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2 4.54.5 - 5.05.0 - 5.9+ 5.9
Adds 3rd side to HP3-1. Expands into 4QP, FP6-1, HC6-1. Hexagonally expands as 3QPC6S (as 6-cell circled unit). See also: 3QP/E4-1 Sheet.
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Half Persian 3 in 1 Four Quarters Persian Full Persian 6 in 1 Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Three Quarters Persian Circle 6 Sheet Three Quarters Persian/European 4 in 1 Sheet
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 (3QPS6-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2 5.0 5.0 - 5.9 5.9+ 5.9
3QP sheet expansion. Contracts into HP3-1, PRB. Expands into D3QPS6-1. Kings as 3QPS12-2.
(Tutorial)
Persian Ridgeback Double Three Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 Three Quarters Persian Sheet 12 in 2
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 Grizzly (3QPS6-1G)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2   -9.1+   9.1 Grain runs the same direction in each row as in FP6-1G. Awkward to weave.
Three Quarters Persian/Half Persian 3 in 1 Sheet (3QP/HP3S) Persian sheet 2     -8.5+ 8.5
Sheet with 3QP strands on one side divided by HP3-1 connections between each (appear on back). Naturally curls. Tubes as 3QPx4, 3QPx6. High AR required to lie flat.
Three Quarters Persian (3QP) Half Persian 3 in 1 Three Quarters Persian x 4 (3QPx4) Three Quarters Persian x 6 (3QPx6)
Half Persian Split
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain       -5.0+ 5.0
Full Persian 6 in 1/One And A Half Persian (Enceladus) FP6-1/1.5P with one edge removed. Adding a 2nd, parallel (Staggered) row yields Staggered 1.5P. Staggered One And A Half Persian (Persian Split)
Facing Three Quarters Persian
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian tube** chain 2     5.3+ 5.3
vs.
Three Quarters Persian (3QP) 2 3QP strands connected with E4-1 row on each side. **No established sheet basis.
Facing Three Quarters Persian Grizzly Persian tube** chain 2     5.7 - 6.3 5.7
vs.
2 3QP strands connected with E4-1 row on each side. 3QP center ring rows forced inward. Same eye position configuration as FP6-1G, and FP6-1D. **No established sheet basis.
Three Quarters Persian x 4 (3QPx4)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian tube chain 2   -5.6 5.6+ 5.6
8.5
4-sided 3QP/HP3S tube. Expands into D3QPx4. "+" cross section. 12 independent rows. Contracts into PRB.
Three Quarters Persian/Half Persian 3 in 1 Sheet Double Three Quarters Persian x 4 Persian Ridgeback
Three Quarters Persian x 6 (3QPx6) Persian tube chain 2   -5.7 5.7+ 5.7
Three Quarters Persian/Half Persian 3 in 1 Sheet 6-sided 3QP/HP3S tube. 18 independent rows. Contracts into PRB.
Three Quarters Persian Flower 6 Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian hex sheet 2     -6.5+ 6.5
Three Quarters Persian Flower 6 (unstable as a standalone) 3QP chains formed into 3QP Circle/Flower 6 chain hoops, repeated into a hexagonally expanding sheet.
(Tutorial)

3QP Sheet Progressions

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 8 in 1 Unbalanced (3QPS8-1U)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2  -9.4+  9.4
(end)
Half Persian 4 in 1 Unbalanced HP4-1U Quarters Persian sheet expansion. Related to FP8-1U. Full Persian 8 in 1 Unbalanced
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 10 in 1 (3QPS10-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2  -10.3+  10.3
(end)
Half Persian 5 in 1 HP5-1 Quarters Persian sheet expansion. Related to FP10-1. Full Persian 10 in 1
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 10 in 1 Unbalanced (3QPS10-1U)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2  -12.5+  12.5
(end)
Half Persian 5 in 1 Unbalanced HP5-1U Quarters Persian sheet expansion. Related to FP10-1U. Full Persian 10 in 1 Unbalanced
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 12 in 1 Unbalanced (3QPS12-1U)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2  -11.6+  11.6
(end)
Half Persian 6 in 1 Unbalanced HP6-1U Quarters Persian sheet expansion. Related to FP12-1U. Full Persian 12 in 1 Unbalanced

4+ Quarters Persian

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Several Quarters Persian Chain represented at M.A.I.L. as Full Persian Sheet Chain.
Four Quarters Persian (4QP)
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2     5.5 - 5.8+ 5.5
5.9
Three Quarters Persian Adds 4th side to 3QP. Does not connect back to the 1st row as FP6-1 does. Expands into 4QPS6-1.
(Tutorial)
Full Persian 6 in 1
Four Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 (4QPS6-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2   -5.8+ -6.4 - 7.4+ 5.8
7.4
4QP sheet expansion.
Five Quarters Persian (5QP) Persian chain 2   -5.6 -5.6+ 5.6 Adds a 5th side to 4QP.
Five Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 (5QPS6-1) Persian sheet 2   -6.4 6.4+ 6.4 5QP sheet expansion.
Six Quarters Persian (6QP) Persian chain 2  -5.8+5.8+ 5.8
top+bottom
Adds a 6th side to 5QP.
Six Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 (6QPS6-1) Persian sheet 2  -6.9+  6.9 6QP sheet expansion.
Seven Quarters Persian (7QP) Persian chain 2 >5.8 -6.3+ 6.3+ 6.3 Adds a 7th side to 6QP.
Seven Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 (7QPS6-1) Persian sheet 2  -7.6+  7.6 7QP sheet expansion.
Eight Quarters Persian (8QP)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2   6.6+ 6.6+ 6.6 Adds an 8th side to 7QP. Progresses to 9QP.

Full Persian

FP6 | FP8 | FP Variant | Hilt Chain
Persiantine Cube | Wyrm

Image (Full Persian 6) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample (FP Article)
(HP Article)
Full Persian 6 in 1 (FP6-1)
(M.A.I.L.), (FP Square)**
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 1 4.8
(Box+1.0)
(+1.0=HC6-1)
(+1.5=FW(R1))
(+2.3=WW(R1))
(+~1.7=B8FP6-1)
4.8 - 5.0 5.1 - 6.5 5.5
5.8
5.9
graduated
Contracts into HP3-1, 3QP. Transformation of Box. Layers as DFP6-1. Kings as FP12-2. Triplicates as HC6-1. Captivates/Orbits as CFP6-1, OFP6-1, OrbitFP6-1, COFP6-1. Reinforces as FW, IW, WW, EW. Dimensionalizes as Persiantine Web Square Cube. Is surrounded as B8FP6-1(, etc). Scales. Related to 3QPS6-1, 4QP. Has several variants + cross grains. Progresses to FP8-1U, FP10-1. **M.A.I.L. entry "Full Persian Square" is same weave with two ring sizes.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (Article), (Video), (2)
Half Persian 3 in 1 Three Quarters Persian Box Chain 4 in 1 Double Full Persian 6 in 1 Full Persian 12 in 2 Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 (C2) Orbital Full Persian 6 in 1 (O1) Orbit Full Persian 6 in 1 (O3) Fire Wyrm (R2) Wind Wyrm (R2) B8FP6-1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly (FP6-1G)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2 6.2 6.2 - 6.5 6.8 - 7.2 6.5
7.0
FP6-1 with grain running in same direction on each side. Progresses to FP8-1G, FP8-1UG. Triplicates as HC6-1G. Captivates as CFP6-1G. Is surrounded as B8FP6-1G. Related to 3QPS6-1G. Flexes well one way, not the other.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly (C2)
Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense (FP6-1D)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1  9.0 - 9.49.4 - 9.8+ 9.4
FP6-1 -> FP6-1G -> FP6-1D. Captivates/orbits as CFP6-1D, OFP6-1D, COFP6-1D. Is surrounded as B8FP6-1D. Captive Orbital Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense (C2)(O1)
Full Persian 6 in 1 Sheet 2 (FP6-1S2) (Yet Another)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2  -7.2+-7.6 - 7.8+ 7.2
7.6
7.8
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 chain sheet. Horizontal rings are 8 in 1.
Full Persian 6 in 1/European 4 in 1 Sheet (FP6-1/E4-1S) Persian sheet 2     -7.9+ 7.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 chain sheet with TE E4-1 connections between FP6-1 strands. Horizontal rings are 10 in 1. 2 individual E4-1 sheets mirrored. European 4 in 1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Sheet (FP6-1S)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2     7.9+ 7.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 chain sheet. Horizontal rings are 12 in 1. Vertical rings are 8 in 1.
Almost Full Persian 6 in 1 Sheet Persian sheet 2     7.9+ 7.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 chain sheet. Horizontal rings are 11 in 1.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Sheet Standard
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Persian sheet 3   -(5.4, 3.1)+   5.4, 3.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 chain sheet with bolted connections.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Sheet Standard Alternating Persian sheet 3   -(5.4, 3.1)+   5.4, 3.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 chain sheet with bolted connections. Chains alternate lean direction.

Full Persian 8

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Full Persian 8 in 1 (FP8-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1 7.8 7.8 - 8.3+ -8.7+ 8.3
7.8
Contracts into HP4-1. Progresses to FP12-1. Layers as DFP8-1. Is surrounded as B8FP8-1. Has several variants + cross grains. Triplicates as HC8-1.
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 4 in 1 Double Full Persian 8 in 1 B8FP8-1 Hilt Chain 8 in 1
Full Persian 8 in 1 Grizzly (FP8-1G)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1  -7.47.6+ 7.4
?
FP8-1 with grain running in the same direction on each face. Progression of FP6-1G. Layers as DFP8-1G. Consistent flexibility. Double Full Persian 8 in 1 Grizzly
Full Persian 8 in 1 Unbalanced (FP8-1U) (Gobi)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1     -9.1+ 9.1
(side)
Half Persian 4 in 1 Unbalanced Contracts into HP4-1U. Progression of FP6-1. Progresses to FP10-1U. Triplicates as HC8-1U. Related to 3QPS8-1U. Consistent flexibility.
Full Persian 8 in 1 Unbalanced Grizzly (FP8-1UG) Persian chain 2   -10.6 10.6+ 10.6 FP8-1U with grain running in same direction on each side.

Full Persian 10+

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Full Persian 10 in 1 (FP10-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1   -9.4+ 9.4 - 10.8+ 9.4
(end)
10.8
Half Persian 5 in 1 Contracts into HP5-1. Progression of FP6-1. Progresses to FP14-1. Related to 3QPS10-1. See also cross grains.
Full Persian 10 in 1 Grizzly (FP10-1G) Persian chain 2   -10.6 10.6 - 11.5+ 10.6 FP10-1 with grain running in same direction on each side.
Full Persian 10 in 1 Unbalanced (FP10-1U)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1   -12.5+   12.5
(end)
both
Half Persian 5 in 1 Unbalanced Contracts into HP5-1U. Progression of FP8-1U. Progresses to extreme offset FP12-1U (5:1). Related to 3QPS10-1U.
  (FP12)                
Full Persian 12 in 1 Unbalanced (FP12-1U)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1  -11.1+  11.1
(2)
(end)
Half Persian 6 in 1 Unbalanced Progression of FP8-1U. Contracts into HP6-1U. Related to 3QPS12-1U. Progresses to FP16-1U.
  (FP14)                
Full Persian 14 in 1 (FP14-1) Persian chain 1   -12.5+   12.5
(end)
Half Persian 7 in 1 Progression of FP10-1. Contracts into HP7-1. Progresses to FP18-1.

Hilt Chain 6

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample
Hilt Chain cross sectionTriplicate: 3- or 6-sided
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (HC6-1)
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 1 5.8
(RM+2.6)
(FP6-1+1.0)
(+0.4=CHC(C1))
5.8+-6.5 - 7.2+ 5.8
6.5
7.2
HP3-1 x3. Triplicate version of FP6-1. Transformation of RM. Quads as QHC6-1. Captivates/Orbits as CHC6-1, OHC6-1, COHC6-1. Reinforces as Hilt Wyrm. Is surrounded as RM8HC6-1. Spirals. Progresses to HC8-1U.
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 3 in 1 Full Persian 6 in 1 Roundmaille Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (C2) Orbital Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (O1) Hilt Thunder Wyrm (R2) RM8HC6-1 Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Spiral
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Grizzly (HC6-1G)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2 ~8.38.3+-10.8+ 8.3
10.8
Triplicate version of FP6-1G. Captivates as CHC6-1G. Captive Hilt Chain Grizzly 6 in 1 (C2)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Sheet (HC6-1S)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2 >10.3 -11.6+   11.6
(end)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 chain sheet.
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Sheet 2 (HC6-1S2) (Yet Another)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2   -9.1+   9.1
(end)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 chain sheet.
Quad Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (QHC6-1) Persian chain 1 >7.8-8.3 - 8.7+  8.3
8.7
8-sided progression of FP6-1; HC6-1 with some lost stability. HP3-1 x4. Captivates as QCHC6-1. Quad Captive Hilt Chain

Hilt Chain 8

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Hilt Chain 8 in 1 (HC8-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1  -10.8+  10.8
Half Persian 4 in 1 HP4-1 x3. Triplicate version of FP8-1.
Hilt Chain 8 in 1 Unbalanced (HC8-1U)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1  -10.8+  10.8
Half Persian 4 in 1 Unbalanced HP4-1U x3. Triplicate version of FP8-1U. Progression of HC6-1.

Double (Layered) Persian

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample See also: 2.5P, 3HLS.
Double Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 (DHP3S6-1) Persian sheet 1     -9.8+ 9.8
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 HP3S6-1 layered 12 in 1 expansion.
Double Half Persian 3 in 1 (DHP3-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2 6.26.2 - 6.66.6 - 7.5 6.9
7.2
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 layered 6 in 1 expansion. Half of DFP6-1. Double Full Persian 6 in 1
Offset Double Half Persian 3 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 3   -7.8+ -7.8+ 7.8
(2)
Half Persian 3 in 1 DHP3-1 with 1 of the 4 sets of rings offset.
Triple Half Persian 3 in 1 (THP3-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 3   -9.0+ 9.0 - 11.6+ 9.0
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 layered 9 in 1 expansion.
Quadruple Half Persian 3 in 1 (QHP3-1) Persian chain 4     11.6+ 11.6
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 layered 12 in 1 expansion.
Double Half Persian 4 in 1 (DHP4-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1     7.2 - 8.3+ 8.3
Half Persian 4 in 1 HP4-1 layered 8 in 1 expansion.
Triple Half Persian 4 in 1 (THP4-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2 >9.0 -9.9+ 9.9+ 9.9
Half Persian 4 in 1 HP4-1 layered 12 in 1 expansion.
Double Half Persian 5 in 1 (DHP5-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2     -10.3+ 10.3
Half Persian 5 in 1 HP5-1 layered 10 in 1 expansion.
Double Three Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 (D3QPS6-1) Persian sheet 4   -9.8 9.8+ 9.8
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 3QPS6-1 layered 12 in 1 expansion.
Double Three Quarters Persian x 4 (D3QPx4) Persian tube chain 2   -9.8 9.8+ 9.8
Three Quarters Persian x 4 (3QPx4) 3QPx4 layered 12 in 1 expansion.
Double Full Persian 6 in 1 (DFP6-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2   9.0 - 9.9 -9.9+ 9.9
9.0
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 layered 12 in 1 expansion.
Double Full Persian 8 in 1 (DFP8-1) Persian chain 1     -11.9+ 11.9
Full Persian 8 in 1 FP8-1 layered 16 in 1 expansion.
Double Full Persian 8 in 1 Grizzly Persian chain 1     -11.9+ 11.9
Full Persian 8 in 1 Grizzly FP8-1G layered 16 in 1 expansion.

Full Persian Variant

11:00 PM Headache | 1.5P | 1HLS | 2.5P | 2HLS | 3HLS | Alt Twist | Assyrian | Cross-eyed
Elven | Enceladus | Flat | FP8 Variant | Gemini | Gridlock | Levante | Leviathan
Overfull | Shuttle | Soyuz | Spiral | Split | Syringa | XX-Weave | Yucca

Image (Half/Full Persian Variant) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Flat Full Persian 5 in 1 (FFP5-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 1     -5.7+ 5.7
Half Persian 3 in 1 FP6-1 variant with alternating HP3-1, and HP2-1 connection rows.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Half Persian 2 in 1 (unstable)
Flat Full Persian 7 in 1 (FFP7-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1     -7.9+ 7.9
Half Persian 3 in 1 FP6-1/FP8-1 variant with alternating HP3-1, and HP4-1 connection rows. Half Persian 4 in 1
Syringa 5 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 1     -5.4+ 5.4
Half Persian 3 in 1 2 opposite handed HP3-1 chains sewn up with HP2-1 connections. Smooth 5 in 1 chain. Half Persian 2 in 1 (unstable)
Syringa 7 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1     6.8 6.8
Half Persian 3 in 1 2 opposite handed HP3-1 chains sewn up with HP4-1 connections. Ring size-specific. Half Persian 4 in 1
Levante 5 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain     -5.9 6.0 - 6.1+ 6.1 Syringa 5-1 with both cell grains leaning in the same direction, ala FP6-1 Grizzly, except better-behaved.

FP6 Variant

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample (Article)
Staggered Persian 6 in 1 Persian chain 2     -5.7 - 6.1 5.7
Staggered arrangement along each grain. Rings in one set each pass through 2 on one side, 4 on the other. Opposing set pass through 3 on one side, 3 on the other. Similar in appearance to DHP3-1, Syringa 5-1. See also cross grains. Double Half Persian 3 in 1 Syringa 5 in 1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Spiral
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
Persian, Spiral chain 1 {5.8}   -6.5+ 6.5 FP6-1 forced spiral. Becomes 8 in 1 chain from added connections.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 1     -6.6+ 6.6 FP6-1 Spiral with each cell constantly alternating direction. See also cross grains.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Twist
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain       -6.3 - <6.6 6.3
FP6-1 variant with Elven Rope grain on both axis. 8 in 1 chain. See also cross grains. Elven Rope
Two Hours Less Sleep (2HLS)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2     -7.1+ 7.1
3HLS stripped down to a staggered 4-4-4-4 continuation. See also cross grains. Full Persian 6 in 1/Two Hours Less Sleep (Yucca)
Full Persian 6 in 1 Cross-eyed
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2     -6.3+ 6.3 FP6-1 with added connection on one grain. Half the rings are 7 in 1. (Video)
Full Persian 6 in 1 Cross-eyed Alternating Persian chain 2     -6.3+ 6.3 FP6-1 with added connection on one grain. Connection orientation alternates with each cell.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Double Cross-eyed
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain       -6.6+ 6.6 FP6-1 with added connections on each grain. 7 in 1 weave.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Overfull
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 3  -6.06.0+ 6.0
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 +1 added ring to middle of cell, each of which subsequently alternate positions.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Shuttle
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 3     6.3+ 6.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 +2 added rings to middle of every other cell.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Half Shuttle
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 4  -5.65.6+ 5.6
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 1 added ring to the center of every other cell, each on the same grain.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Half Overfull
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 3     -6.0+ 6.0
Full Persian 6 in 1 Overfull FP6-1 Overfull absent of certain outside edge rings.

One And A Half Persian

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
One And A Half Persian (1.5P)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2 4.8 4.8 - 5.2 5.4 - 5.8 5.0
5.4
Transformation of Pacman. FP6-1 cells and 2-ring (Harvest) Moon dividers. 4-2-4-2 continuation. Captivates as C1.5P. See also cross grains.
(Tutorial)
Pacman Full Persian 6 in 1 Harvest Moon Captive One And A Half Persian (C2)
One Hour Less Sleep (1HLS)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2 5.5 5.5 - 5.8+ -6.6 5.8
One And A Half Persian 1.5P with its divider cell rings doubled. Captivates as C1HLS. See also FP6-1 Gridlock.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Gemini
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2 {max AR: 5.3}   -5.1 5.1 Byzantized 1.5P. AR-lock feature.
Soyuz
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2 {5.0}   -5.7+ 5.7 1.5P with cell shift to 3-3-3-3 continuation.
(Tutorial)
Two and a Half Persian (2.5P)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 3   -7.4 7.4 - 8.3 7.4
8.3
1.5P with every cell having layer-adding ring sets. 6-4-6-4 continuation. See also cross grains.
Three Hours Less Sleep (3HLS)
(M.A.I.L.), (2)
Persian chain 3   -7.1+ 7.6+ 7.6 2.5P with cell shift to 5-5-5-5 continuation.
Three And A Half Persian (3.5P) Persian chain 4     -11.6+ 11.6 Layered progression of 2.5P. 8-6-8-6 cell continuation.
Four Hours Less Sleep (4HLS) Persian chain 4     -9.8+ 9.8 Layered progression of 3HLS. 7-7-7-7 cell continuation.
Four And A Half Persian (4.5P) Persian chain 5     -12.5+ 12.5 Layered progression of 4.5P. 10-8-10-8 cell continuation.
Five Hours Less Sleep (5HLS) Persian chain 5     -12.5+ 12.5 Layered progression of 5HLS. 9-9-9-9 cell continuation.
One And A Half Persian Sheet (1.5PS) (Apollo Sheet)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 4     -6.3+ 6.3
1.5P chain sheet with tri-mobi connections. Same connection scheme as in Dense Box Sheet, Pacman Sheet, Dense Byz Sheet, Dense Triz Sheet, Hoodoo Sheet.
One And A Half Persian Dense Box Sheet Pacman Sheet Dense Byzantine Sheet Dense Trizantine Sheet Hoodoo Sheet

FP6 Cross Grain

Image (Staggered) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Staggered Full Persian 6 in 1 Persian chain 3     -5.7+ 5.7
Staggered Persian 6 in 1 Staggered along one grain, FP6-1 along the other. Full Persian 6 in 1
Staggered Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly Persian chain 3     -8.3+ 8.3
Staggered Persian 6 in 1 Staggered along one grain, FP6-1G along the other. Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly
Staggered Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist (Kylix)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2     -5.7+ 5.7
Staggered Persian 6 in 1 Staggered along one grain, FP6-1 Alt Twist along the other. Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist
Staggered Persian Elven Rope
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2     -5.7+ 5.7
(2)
Staggered Persian 6 in 1 Staggered along one grain, FP6-1 Elven Twist along the other. Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Twist
Staggered One And A Half Persian (Persian Split)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 3     -5.4+ 5.4
Staggered Persian 6 in 1 Staggered along one grain, 1.5P along the other. One And A Half Persian
Staggered Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 5     -7.2+ 7.2
Staggered Persian 6 in 1 Staggered along one grain, 2.5P along the other. Two And A Half Persian
Staggered Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 2     -5.7+ 5.7
Staggered Persian 6 in 1 Staggered along one grain, 2HLS along the other. Two Hours Less Sleep
Staggered Double Full Persian 6 in 1 Persian chain 4     -9.1+ 9.1
Staggered Persian 6 in 1 Staggered along one grain, DFP6-1 along the other. Double Full Persian 6 in 1
  (FP6)               Plus Staggered FP6-1 in above section.
Full Persian 6 in 1/Alternate Twist Persian chain 2     -5.7+ 5.7
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 along one grain, FP6-1Alt Twist along the other. Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Rope
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2 {5.1 or 5.2}   5.7+ 5.7
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 along one grain, FP6-1 Elven Twist along the other. Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Twist
Full Persian 6 in 1/One And A Half Persian (FP6-1/1.5P) (Enceladus)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 4     -5.4+ 5.4
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 along one grain, 1.5P along the other. Very similar to FP6-1 Gridlock. One And A Half Persian
Full Persian 6 in 1/One Hour Less Sleep (FP6-1 Gridlock)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 3 5.0 5.0 - 5.8 5.6+ 5.8
FP6-1 along one grain, 1HLS along the other. Is FP6-1/1.5P with middle rings of every other cell kinged. Captivates as CFP6-1Gridlock. Expands into Leviathan.
Full Persian 6 in 1 One Hour Less Sleep Full Persian 6 in 1/One And A Half Persian (Enceladus) Captive FP6-1 Gridlock Full Persian 6 in 1 Gridlock Leviathan
Full Persian 6 in 1/Two And A Half Persian (FP6-1/2.5P) (Assyrian)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 5     -7.2 7.2
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 along one grain, 2.5P along the other. Two And A Half Persian
Full Persian 6 in 1/Two Hours Less Sleep (FP6-1/2HLS) (Yucca)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2     -5.6+ 5.6
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 along one grain, 2HLS along the other. Two Hours Less Sleep
Full Persian 6 in 1/Double Full Persian 6 in 1 Persian chain 3     -9.1+ 9.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 along one grain, DFP6-1 along the other. Double Full Persian 6 in 1
  (FP6 Alt Twist + Elvenrope)               Plus FP6-1 and Staggered, Alt Twist and Elvenrope cross-grained items above.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist/Grizzly Persian chain 2     -8.3+ 8.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist FP6-1 Alt Twist along one grain, FP6-1G along the other. Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist/One And A Half Persian Persian chain 4     -5.9+ 5.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist FP6-1Alt Twist along one grain, 1.5P along the other. One And A Half Persian
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist/Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 5     -7.2+ 7.2
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist FP6-1Alt Twist along one grain, 2.5P along the other. Two And A Half Persian
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 3 5.7   -6.1+ 6.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist FP6-1Alt Twist along one grain, 2HLS along the other. Two Hours Less Sleep
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist/Double Full Persian 6 in 1 Persian chain 3     -9.1+ 9.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist FP6-1Alt Twist along one grain, DFP6-1 along the other. Double Full Persian 6 in 1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist/Elvenrope Persian chain 2     -6.1+ 6.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist FP6-1Alt Twist along one grain, FP6-1 Elven Twist along the other. Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Twist
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Rope/Grizzly Persian chain 2     -8.3+ 8.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Twist FP6-1 Elven Twist along one grain, FP6-1G along the other. Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Rope/One And A Half Persian Persian chain 4     -5.9+ 5.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Twist FP6-1 Elven Twist along one grain, 1.5P along the other. One And A Half Persian
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Rope/Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 5     -7.2+ 7.2
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Twist FP6-1 Elven Twist along one grain, 2.5P along the other. Two And A Half Persian
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Rope/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 3     -6.1+ 6.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Twist FP6-1 Elven Twist along one grain, 2HLS along the other. Two Hours Less Sleep
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Rope/Double Full Persian 6 in 1 Persian chain 3     -9.1+ 9.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Elven Twist FP6-1 Elven Twist along one grain, DFP6-1 along the other. Double Full Persian 6 in 1
  (more)                
Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly/One And A Half Persian Persian chain 4     -7.9+ 7.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly FP6-1G along one grain, 1.5P along the other. One And A Half Persian
Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 3     -8.3+ 8.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly FP6-1G along one grain, 2HLS along the other. Two Hours Less Sleep
Double Full Persian 6 in 1/One And A Half Persian Persian chain 4     -8.3+ 8.3
Double Full Persian 6 in 1 DFP6-1 along one grain, 1.5P along the other. One And A Half Persian
Double Full Persian 6 in 1/Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 7     -9.1+ 9.1
Double Full Persian 6 in 1 DFP6-1 along one grain, 2.5P along the other. Two And A Half Persian
Double Full Persian 6 in 1/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 3     -9.1+ 9.1
Double Full Persian 6 in 1 DFP6-1 along one grain, 2HLS along the other. Two Hours Less Sleep
One And A Half Persian/Two And A Half Persian (1.5P/2.5P) Persian chain 5     -6.8+ 6.8
One And A Half Persian 1.5P along one grain, 2.5P along the other. Two And A Half Persian
One And A Half Persian/Two Hours Less Sleep (1.5P/2HLS) Persian chain 4 >5.5   -5.9+ 5.9
One And A Half Persian 1.5P along one grain, 2HLS along the other. Two Hours Less Sleep
Two And A Half Persian/Two Hours Less Sleep (2.5P/2HLS) Persian chain 5     -7.2+ 7.2
Two And A Half Persian 2.5P along one grain, 2HLS along the other. Two Hours Less Sleep

FP8 Variant

Image (FP8 Variant) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample
Full Persian 8 in 1 FP8-1-based.
Full Persian 8 in 1 Spiral Persian chain 1     -7.9+ 7.9
FP8-1 forced spiral. Becomes 10 in 1 chain from added connections. Progression of FP6-1 Spiral. Full Persian 6 in 1 Spiral
Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist Persian chain 1     -6.8+ 6.8
FP8-1 Spiral with each cell constantly alternating direction. Progression of FP6-1 Alt Twist. See also cross grains. Full Persian 6 in 1 Alternate Twist
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elventwist (XX-Weave)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 1   -6.4+ -6.8 - 7.2 6.8 Elventwist version of FP8-1. 10 in 1 weave. See also cross grains.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Full Persian 8 in 1 Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 2     -7.2+ 7.2
FP8-1 progression of 2HLS. See also cross grains. Two Hours Less Sleep
Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian Persian chain 2     -6.8+ 6.8
FP8-1 progression of 1.5P. See also cross grains. One And A Half Persian
Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 3     -7.9+ 7.9
FP8-1 progression of 2.5P. See also cross grains. Two And A Half Persian

FP8 Cross Grain

Image (Staggered) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Staggered Full Persian 8 in 1 Persian chain 3     -7.6+ 7.6
Staggered arrangement along one grain, FP8-1 along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1
Staggered Full Persian 8 in 1 Elven Rope Persian chain 2     -7.2+ 7.2
Staggered arrangement along one grain, FP8-1 Elventwist along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Elventwist (XX-Weave)
Staggered Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist Persian chain 2     -7.2+ 7.2
Staggered arrangement along one grain, FP8-1 Alt Twist along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist
Staggered Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian Persian chain 3     -6.8+ 6.8
Staggered arrangement along one grain, FP8-1 1.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian
Staggered Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 4     -7.9+ 7.9
Staggered arrangement along one grain, FP8-1 2.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian
Staggered Full Persian 8 in 1 Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 2     -7.2+ 7.2
Staggered arrangement along one grain, FP8-1 2HLS along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two Hours Less Sleep
Staggered Double Full Persian 8 in 1 Persian chain 4     -10.6+ 10.6
Staggered arrangement along one grain, DFP8-1 along the other. Double Full Persian 8 in 1
  (FP8)               Plus Staggered FP8-1 in above section.
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elven Rope Persian chain 2     -7.6+ 7.6
Full Persian 8 in 1 FP8-1 along one grain, FP8-1 Elventwist along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Elventwist (XX-Weave)
Full Persian 8 in 1/Alternate Twist Persian chain 2     7.2 - 7.6 7.6
Full Persian 8 in 1 FP8-1 along one grain, FP8-1 Alt Twist along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist
Full Persian 8 in 1/One And A Half Persian Persian chain 4     -7.2+ 7.2
Full Persian 8 in 1 FP8-1 along one grain FP8-1 1.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian
Full Persian 8 in 1/Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 5     -7.9+ 7.9
Full Persian 8 in 1 FP8-1 along one grain, FP8-1 2.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian
Full Persian 8 in 1/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 2     -7.6+ 7.6
Full Persian 8 in 1 FP8-1 along one grain, FP8-1 2HLS along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two Hours Less Sleep
Full Persian 8 in 1/Double Full Persian 8 in 1 Persian chain 3     -10.6+ 10.6
Full Persian 8 in 1 FP8-1 along one grain, DFP8-1 along the other. Double Full Persian 8 in 1
  (FP8 Alt Twist/Elvenrope)               Plus FP8-1 and Staggered, Alt Twist and Elvenrope cross-grained items above.
Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist/One And A Half Persian Persian chain 3     -6.8+ 6.8
Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist FP8-1 Alt Twist along one grain, FP8-1 1.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian
Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist/Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 4     -8.3+ 8.3
Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist FP8-1 Alt Twist along one grain, FP8-1 2.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian
Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 3     -6.8+ 6.8
Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist FP8-1 Alt Twist along one grain, FP8-1 2HLS along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two Hours Less Sleep
Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist/Double Full Persian 8 in 1 Persian chain 3     -11.5+ 11.5
Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist FP8-1 Alt Twist along one grain, DFP8-1 along the other. Double Full Persian 8 in 1
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elven Rope/Alternate Twist Persian chain 2     -6.8+ 6.8
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elventwist (XX-Weave) FP8-1 Elventwist along one grain, FP8-1 Alt Twist along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Alternate Twist
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elven Rope/One And A Half Persian Persian chain 3     -6.8+ 6.8
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elventwist (XX-Weave) FP8-1 Elventwist along one grain, FP8-1 1.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elven Rope/Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 4     -8.3+ 8.3
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elventwist (XX-Weave) FP8-1 Elventwist along one grain, FP8-1 2.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elven Rope/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 3     -7.2+ 7.2
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elventwist (XX-Weave) FP8-1 Elventwist along one grain, FP8-1 2HLS along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two Hours Less Sleep
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elven Rope/Double Full Persian 8 in 1 Persian chain 3     -11.5+ 11.5
Full Persian 8 in 1 Elventwist (XX-Weave) FP8-1 Elventwist along one grain, DFP8-1 along the other. Double Full Persian 8 in 1
  (more)                
Full Persian 8 in 1 Grizzly/Double Full Persian 8 in 1 Persian chain 3     -10.6+ 10.6
Full Persian 8 in 1 Grizzly FP8-1G along one grain, DFP8-1 along the other. Double Full Persian 8 in 1
Double Full Persian 8 in 1/One And A Half Persian Persian chain 6     -10.6+ 10.6
Double Full Persian 8 in 1 DFP8-1 along one grain, FP8-1 1.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian
Double Full Persian 8 in 1/Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 7     -11.5+ 11.5
Double Full Persian 8 in 1 DFP8-1 along one grain, FP8-1 2.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian
Double Full Persian 8 in 1/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 3     -10.6+ 10.6
Double Full Persian 8 in 1 DFP8-1 along one grain, FP8-1 2HLS along the other.
Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian/Two And A Half Persian Persian chain 5     -7.6+ 7.6
Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian FP8-1 1.5P along one grain, FP8-1 2.5P along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian
Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 4     -6.8+ 6.8
Full Persian 8 in 1 One And A Half Persian FP8-1 1.5P along one grain, FP8-1 2HLS along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two Hours Less Sleep
Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian/Two Hours Less Sleep Persian chain 4     -7.9+ 7.9
Full Persian 8 in 1 Two And A Half Persian FP8-1 2.5P along one grain, FP8-1 2HLS along the other. Full Persian 8 in 1 Two Hours Less Sleep

FP10 Cross Grain

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Staggered Full Persian 10 in 1 (11:00 PM Headache)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 3     -9.8+ 9.8 FP10-1 along one grain, Staggered along the other.

Hilt Chain 6 Variant

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Spiral Persian chain 1   7.6+   7.6
(2)
HC6-1 forced spiral. Becomes 8 in 1 chain from added connections.
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Alternate Twist Persian chain 1   -8.3+   8.3 HC6-1 Spiral with each cell constantly alternating direction. 8 in 1 chain.

Captive Persian (20)

Image (Captive Full Persian) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 (CFP6-1) (C1) Captive Persian chain 2   -(5.5, 3.9)+   5.5, 3.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 1 small captive ring per cell. Triplicates as CHC6-1(C1). Orbits as COFP6-1. Reinforced as Wyrm.
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 (C2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Persian chain 2   -(6.4, 4.6) - (7.4, 5.9)+ (7.4, 5.9)+ 7.4, 5.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 2 small captive rings per cell. Triplicates as CHC6-1(C2). Reinforced as Wyrm.
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 (C3) Captive Persian chain 3 (7.4, 5.5**) (7.4, 5.5)+   7.4, 5.5
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 3 small captive rings per cell. Triplicates as CHC6-1(C3). Reinforced as Wyrm. **Variable captive ring size.
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly (CFP6-1G) (C1) Captive Persian chain 2   -(7.0, 5.2)+   7.0, 5.2
Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly FP6-1G with 1 small captive ring per cell.
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly (C2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Persian chain 2 (7.9, 6.1) (7.9, 6.1)+ -(9.1, 7.4)+ 9.1, 7.4
7.9, 6.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly FP6-1G with 2 small captive rings per cell.
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense (CFP6-1D) (C2) Captive Persian chain 2   -(9.4, 7.4) (9.4, 7.2)+ 9.4, 7.0
Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense FP6-1D with 2 smaller captive rings per cell.
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense (C3) Captive Persian chain 2 >(9.4, 7.4)   -(10.3, 8.3)+ 10.3, 8.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense FP6-1D with 3 smaller captive rings per cell.
  (Captive Hilt Chain)                
Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (CHC6-1) (C1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Persian chain 1 6.2
(HC6-1+0.4)
6.2 - 6.6+ 6.6+ 6.6
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 1 captive ring per cell. Repeats into SCHC6-1S. Reinforced as Hilt Wyrm.
(Tutorial)
Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (C2) Captive Persian chain 1 ~6.8 6.8 - 7.2+   7.2
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 2 captive rings per cell. Reinforced as Hilt Wyrm.
(Tutorial)
Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Grizzly (CHC6-1G) (C1) Captive Persian chain 2 ~(9.1, 9.9) (9.1, 9.9)+   9.1, 9.9
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Grizzly HC6-1G with 1 larger captive ring per cell.
Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Grizzly (C2) Captive Persian chain 2   -(10.3, 11.6)+   10.3, 11.6
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Grizzly HC6-1G with 2 larger captive rings per cell.
Staggered Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Sheet (SCHC6-1S) (C1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Persian sheet 3   -7.4+   7.4
(end)
Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (C1) CHC6-1(C1) chain sheet. Related to SCIRS(C1), SBWS(R1). Connectors pass through 1 cage + 1 captive ring of each CHC6-1 chain.
Quad Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (QCHC6-1) (C2) Captive Persian chain 2       2WD
Quad Hilt Chain 6 in 1 QHC6-1 with 2 captive rings per cell.
  (Captive FP Variant)                
Captive One And A Half Persian (C1.5P) (C1) Captive Persianchain3     (5.3, 3.6)+ 5.3, 3.6
One And A Half Persian 1.5P with 1 smaller captive ring per cell.
Captive One And A Half Persian (C2) Captive Persian chain 3     (5.6, 4.0)+ 5.6, 4.0
One And A Half Persian 1.5P with 2 smaller captive rings per cell.
Captive One And A Half Persian (C3) Captive Persian chain 4     (6.5, 4.6)+ 6.5, 4.6
One And A Half Persian 1.5P with 3 smaller captive rings per cell.
Captive One Hour Less Sleep (C1HLS) (C1) Captive Persian chain 3     (6.0, 4.3)+ 6.0, 4.3
One Hour Less Sleep 1HLS with 1 smaller captive ring per cell.
Captive One Hour Less Sleep (C2) Captive Persian chain 3     (6.5, 4.8)+ 6.5, 4.8
One Hour Less Sleep 1HLS with 2 smaller captive rings per cell.
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 Gridlock (C1) Captive Persian chain 3     (6.0, 4.3)+ 6.0, 4.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 Gridlock FP6-1Gridlock with 1 smaller captive ring per cell.
Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 Gridlock (C2) Captive Persian chain 3     (6.5, 4.8)+ 6.5, 4.8
Full Persian 6 in 1 Gridlock FP6-1Gridlock with 2 smaller captive rings per cell.

Orbital Persian (7)

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbital Full Persian 6 in 1 (OFP6-1) (O1) Orbital Persian chain 2     -(5.8, 7.7)+ 5.8, 7.7
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 1 large orbital ring round each connection point. Captivates as COFP6-1. Ring size specific.
Orbital Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense (OFP6-1D) (O1) Orbital Persian chain 2  -(9.4, 10.3)+  9.4, 10.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense FP6-1D with 1 larger orbital ring between each cell.
Orbital Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (OHC6-1) (O1) Orbital Persian chain 2  (6.5, 9.9)+  6.5, 9.9
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 1 large orbital ring around each connection point. Ring size specific.

Orbit / Scaled++

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbit Full Persian 6 in 1 (O3) Orbital Persian chain 3 ~(4.5, 6.2, 7.3) (4.5, 6.2, 7.3)+ -(5.1, 7.0, 7.9)+ 4.5, 6.2, 7.3
5.1, 7.0, 7.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 cells in alternating ring sizes with 3 large orbit rings per small segment.
Orbit Full Persian 6 in 1 (O4) Orbital Persian chain 3   -(5.0, 6.8, 7.8) (5.0, 6.8, 7.8) - (5.4, 7.3, 8.2)+ 5.0, 6.8, 7.8
5.4, 7.3, 8.2
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 cells in alternating ring sizes with 4 large orbit rings per small segment.
Orbit Full Persian 6 in 1 (O5) Orbital Persian chain 3     -(5.8, 7.6, 8.6)+ 5.8, 7.6, 8.6
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 cells in alternating ring sizes with 5 large orbit rings per small segment.
Orbit Full Persian 6 in 1 (O6) Orbital Persian chain 3     (6.2, 7.8, 8.8)+ 6.2, 7.8, 8.8
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 cells in alternating ring sizes with 6 large orbit rings per small segment.

Captive Orbital Persian (3)

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Captive Orbital Full Persian 6 in 1 (COFP6-1) (C1)(O1) Captive Orbital Persian chain 3   -(5.8, 4.2, 7.9) (5.8, 4.2, 7.9)+ 5.8, 4.2, 7.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 1 small captive per, and 1 large orbital ring between each cell.
Captive Orbital Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense (COFP6-1D) (C2)(O1) Captive Orbital Persian chain 3   -(9.4, 7.3, 10.3)+   9.4, 7.3, 10.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense FP6-1D with 2 small captive rings per, and 1 large orbital ring between, each cell.
Captive Orbital Hilt Chain 6 in 1 (COHC6-1) (C1)(O1) Captive Orbital Persian chain 2   (6.5, 9.9)+   6.5, 9.9
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 1 captive ring per cell, and 1 large orbital ring around each connection point. Ring size specific.

Reinforced Persian (26)

Earth Wyrm | Fire Wyrm | Hilt Wyrm | Ice Wyrm | Wind Wyrm

Wyrm

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Fire Wyrm (FW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 2 6.3
(FP6-1+1.5)
6.3+   6.6
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 1 reinforced ring per cell: through 2, around 2, through 2, around 2.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Fire Wyrm (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced Persian chain 2 6.8 or 6.9 6.9 - 7.5 7.2 - 7.9 7.0
(end)
7.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 2 reinforced rings per cell: 2-2-2-2.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Fire Wyrm (R3) Reinforced Persian chain 3   -7.9 7.9 - 8.5 7.9
8.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 3 reinforced rings per cell: 2-2-2-2.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Ice Wyrm (IW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 2 >6.6 -7.0+ 7.2+ 7.0
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 1 reinforced ring per cell. FW(R1) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.
(Tutorial)
Ice Wyrm (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced Persian chain 2 7.2 or 7.3 -7.4+ 7.6+ 7.4
(end)
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 2 reinforced rings per cell. FW(R2) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.
(Tutorial)
Ice Wyrm (R3) Reinforced Persian chain 3   -7.9 - 8.5 8.3+ 7.9
8.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 3 reinforced rings per cell. FW(R3) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.
(Tutorial)
Wind Wyrm (WW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 2 7.1
(FP6-1+2.3)
7.1 - 7.4+ 7.4+ 7.4
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 1 reinforced ring per cell: through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1. (Video)
Wind Wyrm (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced Persian chain 2 >7.4 -7.9+ 7.9+ 7.9
(end)
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 2 reinforced rings per cell: 1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1. (Video)
Wind Wyrm (R3) Reinforced Persian chain 3   -8.3 - 8.7+ 8.6+ 8.7
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 3 reinforced rings per cell: 1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1. (Video)
Earth Wyrm (EW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 2 7.1 7.1 - 7.4+   7.4
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 1 reinforced ring per cell. WW(R1) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.
Earth Wyrm (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced Persian chain 2 7.9 7.9+   7.9
(end)
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 2 reinforced rings per cell. WW(R2) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.
Earth Wyrm (R3) Reinforced Persian chain 3 8.3 8.3 - 8.7+   8.7
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with 3 reinforced rings per cell. WW(R3) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.

Hilt Wyrm

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Triplicate: 3- or 6-sided
Hilt Fire Wyrm (HFW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 3 ~(7.4, 9.9) (7.4, 9.9) - (7.4, 10.3)+   7.4, 9.9
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 1 reinforced ring per cell: through 2, around 4, through 2, around 4.
Hilt Fire Wyrm (R2) Reinforced Persian chain 3 ~(7.4, 9.9) (7.4, 9.9) - (7.9, 10.8)+   7.9, 10.8
(side)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 2 reinforced rings per cell: 2-4-2-4. Triplicate FW(R2). Fire Wyrm (R2)
Hilt Fire Wyrm (R3)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced Persian chain 4   -(8.3, 11.1) - (9.1, 12.0) (9.1, 12.0)+ 8.3, 11.1
(end)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 3 reinforced rings per cell: 2-4-2-4.
Hilt Fire Wyrm (R4) Reinforced Persian chain 4   -(9.1, 12.0)+   9.1, 12.0
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 4 reinforced rings per cell: 2-4-2-4.
Hilt Thunder Wyrm (HTW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 2 (7.9, 9.4)(7.9, 9.4)+  7.9, 9.4
(end)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 1 reinforced ring per cell: through 2, around 2, through 2, around 2, through 2, around 2.
Hilt Thunder Wyrm (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced Persian chain 2 ~(8.3, 9.9)(8.3, 9.9)+  8.3, 9.9
(end)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 2 reinforced rings per cell: 2-2-2-2-2-2.
Hilt Lightning Wyrm (HLW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 2  -(8.7, 10.3)+  8.7, 10.3
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 1 reinforced ring per cell. HTW(R1) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.
Hilt Lightning Wyrm (R2) Reinforced Persian chain 2 ~(9.1, 10.8)(9.1, 10.8) - (9.4, 11.1)+  9.4, 11.1
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 2 reinforced rings per cell. HTW(R2) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.
Hilt Wind Wyrm (HWW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 2  -(8.7, 10.3)+  8.7, 10.3
(end)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 1 reinforced ring inserted into each cell: through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1, through 1, around 1.
Hilt Wind Wyrm (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Reinforced Persian chain 2  -(9.1., 10.8)+  9.1, 10.8
(end)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 2 reinforced rings inserted into each cell: 1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1. Triplicate WW(R2). Wind Wyrm (R2)
Hilt Earth Wyrm (HEW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 2  -(9.1, 10.8)+  9.1, 10.8
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 1 reinforced ring per cell. HWW(R1) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.
Hilt Earth Wyrm (R2) Reinforced Persian chain 2  -(9.4, 11.1)+  9.4, 11.1
(end)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 2 reinforced rings per cell. HWW(R2) with each cell alternating cage ring connection points.
Hilt Sun Wyrm (HSW) (R1) Reinforced Persian chain 3 ~(7.9, 8.3) (7.9, 8.3) - (8.3, 9.1)+   8.3, 9.1
(side)
(end)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 1 reinforced ring per cell: through 4**, around 2, through 4, around 2. **doesn't pass through all connection points and has a true cage ring on either side. Closest Hilt Wyrm to CHC(C1). Captive Hilt Chain (C1)
Hilt Sun Wyrm (R2) Reinforced Persian chain 3   -(8.7, 9.1)+   8.7, 9.1
(side)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 with 2 reinforced rings inserted into each cell: 4-2-4-2. Closest Hilt Wyrm to CHC(C2).

Extended Persian Weaves (9)

Armageddon | Fieldstone | Forars Kaede | Sandstone
Sense of Humour | Sweetpea | Viperscale | Windmill

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Sandstone
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2   -4.1 4.2+ 4.1 Extended Persian weave.
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 4 in 1 Stepped Persian chain 5     -4.9+ 4.9
Half Persian 4 in 1 HP4-1 variant with one grain stair-stepped, ala Sandstone, Armageddon.
Armageddon
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 5     -4.9+ 4.9 HP4-1-based extended Persian weave.
Forars Kaede (Spring Chain, X-Weave)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2     -4.3+ 4.3 HP4-1-based extended Persian weave.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Windmill
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2   5.3 5.6+ 5.6 Extended Persian chain. Chain curls inward in one direction. Forced curl <5.3 AR.
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
SoH Staggered Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet       -4.1+ 4.1
Extended Half Persian sheet weave. Contracts into Sense of Humour Chain. Sense of Humour Chain
SoH Parallel Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian sheet 2 <3.9   >4.1 4.1
Extended Half Persian sheet weave. Contracts into Sense of Humour Chain. Naturally curls. Forced curl at low AR. Sense of Humour Chain
  (Locked Unit Chain)                
Fieldstone
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2     -4.1 4.1 AR-sensitive Persian chain of repeating 6-ring units.
(Tutorial), (vs. Medo, Sweetpea), (Video)
Sweetpea
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2 {3.8} -4.1 4.1 AR-sensitive Persian chain of repeating 6-ring units.
(Tutorial), (2), (vs. Medo, Fieldstone), (Video)

AR Legend
Japanese | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
European | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Persian | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Mage | Band | Hybrid | King | Scaled


Spiral (24)

Brejao Flowers | Daisy | Dragog | Flor de la Cantuta | Flower | Fourever | Hoodoo
M3 | Mobius | Moorish Rose | Spiral Web | Voodoo | Saturn | Serpent's Spine | tRNA

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample
Mobius BallMany Mobius Ball-based items. See also FP6-1 Spiral, Mobius Chain.
Spiral 4 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral chain 1 3.4** 4.0 - 5.5+ 4.8
Kings as Spiral8-2. **Below ~3.3, chain AR-locks as JPL, or "incorrectly". Expands into Locked Twist. Expands hexagonally as Spiral4-1 Web. Progresses to Spiral6-1. Loses spiral form unless ends are affixed.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (4), (5)
Spiral 8 in 2 Jens Pind Linkage (JPL) Locked Twist Spiral 4 in 1 Web
Spiral 6 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain 1     -6.3+ 6.3 Progression of Spiral4-1. Progresses to Spiral8-1. Loses spiral form unless ends are affixed.
Spiral 8 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain 1     -8.3+ 8.3 Progression of Spiral6-1. Progresses to Spiral10-1. Loses spiral form unless ends are affixed.
Saturn
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Spiral chain 3     (2.1, 4.1)+ 2.1, 4.2
3WD
Alternating ring size 2-1C forced spiral by orbit rings around small rings. "Flaturn" is an alternate version that doesn't force spiral.
This Is Not Food
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral chain 2 2.0, ?   (2.1+, -5.0+) 2WD 2-1C forced spiral.
(Tutorial), (2)
tRNA
(M.A.I.L.)
European, Spiral chain 2 3.9, 2.4   (-4.4, 2.4)+ 4.4, 2.4 2-1C twisted into 2-row E4-1 with small AE connections running up each side.
Serpent's Spine 5
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral chain 2   3.1, 5.5   3.1, 5.5 Column of evenly spaced, parallel rings. Held together by sets of 5 smaller rings with each successive set offset in the same direction, so as to spiral.
(Tutorial), (2)
Spiral 4 in 1 Web
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral hex sheet (web) 3     4.6+ 4.6
Spiral 4 in 1 Spiral4-1 expanded hexagonally as a web.

Moorish Rose / Hoodoo

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Moorish Rose
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral hex sheet 1   -6.5 -6.5 - 6.8 6.5
6-ring Mobius Balls expanded hexagonally. 9 in 1 sheet.
(Tutorial), (2), (Theory), (Video), (2)
Hoodoo Square Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral square sheet 1     -4.4+ 4.4
Stabilizes as Voodoo. Mobi-connection scheme also found in Dense Box Sheet, Pacman Sheet, Dense Byz Sheet, Dense Triz Sheet, 1.5PS. Contracts into Hoodoo Chain. Unit basis Vipera Star (minus center ring). AR-sensitive.
(Tutorial), (2)
Voodoo Dense Box Sheet Pacman Sheet Dense Byzantine Sheet Dense Trizantine Sheet One and a Half Persian Sheet Vipera Star
Hoodoo Hex Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral hex sheet 1 2.7 2.7 2.8 - 3.0 3.0
graduated
Hoodoo Chain expanded hexagonally. Becomes Voodoo Hex with added ring stacks around mobius connections. Kings as King Hoodoo Hex. Unit basis Vipera Star 3 (minus center ring). Contracts ino Daisy Chain 1. AR-sensitive.
(Tutorial), (Video), (pt.2)
Voodoo Hex King Hoodoo Hex Vipera Star 3 Daisy Chain 1
Hoodoo Web
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral hex sheet (web) 3     3.1 3.1
Hoodoo Chain expanded hexagonally as a web. Pentagonal tessellation instead forms Hoodoo Dodecahedron. Hoodoo Dodecahedron
Hoodoo Net
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral square sheet (web) 2     3.1 3.1 Hoodoo Chain expanded as a square web.
Hoodoo Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral chain 2 3.0 3.0 3.1 - 3.2 3.1
Contraction of Hoodoo Sheet. Expands into Hoodoo Web, Hoodoo Net, Hoodoo Dodecahedron. Captivates 2-ring 2-1C segments as Messenger. Related to Box. Loops into Compass Rose. See also: Louhi. Very AR-sensitive.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Hoodoo Sheet Hoodoo Dodecahedron Box Chain 4 in 1 Compass Rose Louhi
Hoodoo Messenger
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive Spiral chain 4 4.1 4.1 - 4.3 4.3 - 4.5+ 4.1
4.5
loop
Hoodoo Chain with captive 2-ring 2-1C held captive through the center of each cell. See also: Mercury, Mercury Unit.
Hoodoo Chain 2 in 1 Chain Mercury Mercury Unit

Voodoo

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Voodoo
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral square sheet 3 (2.6, >5.3)
(2.7, >5.0<5.3)
  (2.9, 5.3) - (3.3, 5.5+) 2.7, 5.3
3.3, 5.3
3.3, ~5.5
Voodoo Unit (unstable as a standalone) Interconnected 4-ring Mobius Balls pass through 3-ring stacks at each connection point. Hoodoo Sheet with stabilizer rings. J4-1 tessellation.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Hoodoo Sheet
Voodoo Hex
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral hex sheet (web) 3 2.4, <4.5   (2.5, 4.7) - (3.3, 5.5+) 2.4, 4.5
3.3, 5.0
Voodoo Hex Unit (unstable as a standalone) Interconnected 3-ring Mobius Balls pass through 3-ring stacks at each connection point. Expanded hexagonally as a web version of Hoodoo Hex. Hoodoo Hex

Dragog

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Dragog (Japanese Hoodoo)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral/Mobius hex sheet 2     (2.4 - 2.5, -4.4+) 2.4, 4.4
Hex pattern of alternating lean 3-ring Mobius.
Dragog Square Spiral/Mobius square sheet 2     -(3.4, 4.4)+ 3.4, 4.4
Square pattern of alternating lean 4-ring Mobius.
Dragog Square Web Spiral/Mobius square sheet (web) 4     (2.4 - 2.5, -3.7+) 2.4, 3.7
Square web of alternating lean 3-ring Mobius. Uses J3-1SW-style tessellation. Japanese 3 in 1 Square Web

Mobius Sheet

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
M3
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral/Mobius hex sheet (web) 1 2.3   2.4 - 2.6 2.5
3-ring Mobius Ball hexagonal web expansion. 3 in 1 weave. Kings as King M3. Pentagonal tesselation instead yields M3 Dodecahedron.
King M3 M3 Dodecahedron
Brejao Flowers (M4)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral/Mobius square sheet 1 <3.1   3.3 - 3.5 3.3
4.2
4-ring Mobius Ball square sheet expansion (repetition). 4 in 1 weave. Kings as King Brejao Flowers. King Brejao Flowers
Flor de la Cantuta (Stabilized Brejao Flowers) Spiral/Mobius square sheet 2   -4.0+ 4.3+ 4.3
Brejao Flowers Brejao Flowers with added stabilizer rings which help the sheet to hold its form.
M6 Spiral/Mobius hex sheet 1       5.7
6-ring Mobius Ball hex sheet expansion (repetition). 6 in 1 weave.

AR Legend
Japanese | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
European | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Persian | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Spiral | Band | Hybrid | King | Scaled


Mage (16)

Coyote | Magemaille | Magus | Nereid | Safety In Numbers
Zylar | Zymira | Zymolisis | Zyster | Zystolic

Image Name   Family     Form   Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample
2-1C column-structured sheet weaves, and their chain basis. See also: Safety In Numbers. Safety In Numbers
Magemaille
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Mage sheet 2 (2.0 small ring)   (2.1, 3.2+) 2.1, 3.2
2-1C columns divided by small connector rings.
Coyote Maille
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Mage sheet 2 2.7 2.7 -2.9 - 3.0+ 3.0
(tube) 2.9
Pairs of mirrored 2-1Cs create columns which are divided by zigzags of vertical connector rings. Contracts into Magus Variant.
(Tutorial), (2)
Zystolic
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage sheet 2     -(4.3, 5.0)+ 4.3, 5.0
Pairs of 2-1C bolted together by staggered set of larger connector rings.
Zyster
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage sheet 2     -4.7+ 4.7
(2)
Pairs of 2-1C bolted together by staggered connection rings that pass through 4 rings in one column, and 2 rings in the other.
Magus Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage chain 2     -(2.2, 2.9) - (2.4, 3.2) 2.4, 3.2 4-2-4-2-4-2 continuation.
Magus Variant (Coyote Chain)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Mage chain 2     -(2.2, 2.9) - (2.4, 3.2) 2.4, 3.2
Coyote Maille Byzantized Magus Chain. Contraction of Coyote. Further segments as Magus Apprentice. 4-2-2-4-2-2 continuation.
(Tutorial)
Magus Apprentice
Nereid Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage chain 3     (2.6, 3.2, 6.2) 2.6, 3.2, 6.2
Magus Chain Magus Chain with 1 ring inserted through every 4-ring cell.
Nereid Chain (2) Mage chain 3     (3.3, 6.9) 3.3, 6.9
Magus Chain Magus Chain with 2 rings inserted through every 4-ring cell.
Nereid Variant Mage chain 3     (2.7, 3.3, 6.2) 2.7, 3.3, 6.2
Magus Variant (Coyote Chain) Magus Variant with 1 ring inserted through every 4-ring cell.
Zymira
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage sheet 2     3.7 3.7
2 in 1 Chain Singled 2-1C columns divided by 4 in 1 connector rings. Optional AR-lock at appropriate AR - must be properly placed during construction. Related to Hoodoo.
Zymira Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Mage chain 2     3.6 3.6 Chain contraction of Zymira.
(Tutorial)
Zylar
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage sheet 2     4.9+ 4.9
2 in 1 Chain Pairs of 2-1C bolted together by standard set of connector rings.
Zylar Alternate Mage sheet 2     4.9+ 4.9
2 in 1 Chain Pairs of 2-1C bolted together by standard set of connector rings. Each 2-1C columns are orineted similarly.
Zylar Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage chain 2     4.9 4.9
(2)
Chain contraction of Zylar. 2-1C pairs in Elven alignment. Edge rings freely swivel.
Zymolisis
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage sheet 2     5.0 5.0
2 in 1 Chain Pairs of 2-1C bolted together by standard set of connector rings. Rings in 2-1C column pairs are parallel.
Zymolisis Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage chain 2     4.9 4.9
(2)
Chain contraction of Zymolisis. 2-1C pairs in "Alternate Twist" alignment. Edge rings freely swivel.

Japanese | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
European | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Persian | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Spiral | Mage




AR Legend

>5.5> means greater than. In this case, above 5.5.
<7.2< means less than. Below 7.2.
~6.3~ Approximately 6.3.
{3.0}Separately sourced minimum AR data. Values not tested locally.
-4.3+- before a value and/or + after means it can go lower/higher.
(4.0, 6.0)2 ring sizes used (same WD) in weave. Commas separate values.
(3.8, 6.0) - (5.2, 7.2)AR range for weave using 2 ring sizes.
2WD, 3WDMultiple wire diameters.
single: 6.6single ring size value where multiple ring size use is generally more ideal.
2 ring: (~7.4, 5.8)2 ring AR combination that can be further optimized with 3 or more ring sizes.





Extended (284)

Hybrid Band | Hybrid Tube | Hybrid | Berus | Rhino | King | Scaled | Mobius | Extra | Segmented/Unit Repetition
Alligator River | Barrel | Berus | B8FP | Celtic Byzanatine | Crescent Moon | Double Stuff Trizantine | Drillbit
Fourever | Gridbox | Hades | Karuna | Kudzu | Lady Of The House | Locked Twist | Mercury | Minerva
Orbiter | Persiantine | Ridgeways | Rosetta | Rover | RSD | Screw | Shaggy Loops | Vipera Berus


Predecessors

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Contracted weave form, sometimes used as the basis for Rhino, or other added connections.
1-2-1-2 Chain Japanese, European chain 2     2.6 - 3.0 2.7
2 in 1 Chain 2-1C with the rings of every other cell Kinged. 1-2-1-2 cell continuation. 4 in 2 Chain
European 4 in 1, Biased European band 1     3.0 - 3.2 3.1
European 4 in 1 2 columns wide E4-1 continued on a bias. Non-AR-locked HP3-1Sym. Half Persian 3 in 1 Symmetrical

Band

Azidahaka | Byzee Beez To Butterflies | Bumpa | Celtic Strap | Celtic Visions | Celtic Wings | Dragonback
Dragonsteps | Dragontoes | Escalator | Elfweave | Garter Belt | Gridlock Byzantine | GSG | Interwoven
Louhi | Persian Dragonscale | Persian Dragontail | Persian Ridgeback | Rondo | Sense of Humour
Shenanigans | Staggered Byzantine Halves | Vertebrae | Viperscale | Wyrm Tail

Image (Band Contraction) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Each of these first nine items is a contraction of a sheet weave. See also Staggered B^ Chain.
Half Persian 2 in 1 Spine
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain
(band)
2 3.8**   4.2 - 4.6 4.2
4.4
Continues into HP2S4-1. HP2-1-oriented 2-1C plus stabilizing rows of TE connections added to each side. Kings as HP4-2Spine Folds over & tubes as Ulu. **Forced spiral at 3.8 AR.
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Half Persian 2 in 1 (unstable) Half Persian 4 in 2 Spine Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 2 (Ulu)
GSG
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain
(band)
1 {4.6}
(+0.2=HP3S6-1)
  4.8 - 5.2 4.9
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 Continues into HP3S6-1. Additional column versions denoted as GSG-3, GSG-4, etc.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Persian Ridgeback (PRB)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain
(band)
3     -(5.3, 4.3)+ 5.3, 4.3
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 Continues into 3QPS6-1.
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 3 in 1 Band
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Persian chain
(band)
4     -6.6+ 6.6
Half Persian 3 Lotus Sheet 6 in 1 Continues into HP3 Lotus Sheet 6-1. 4 row contraction.
(Tutorial)
Sense of Humour Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain
(band)
2     -3.9 - 4.1+ 3.9
Sense of Humour Staggered Sheet Continues into SoH Staggered Sheet, or SoH Parallel Sheet. Sense of Humour Parallel Sheet
Shenanigans
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain
(band)
2     -(3.0, 5.3)+
(+1.0=DS)
3.0, 5.3
Dragonscale (DS) Continues into DS. 2 columns wide, lower AR-using contraction.
(Tutorial), (2)
Staggered Byzantine Halves
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain
(band)
4     3.4 - 3.6 3.4
Staggered Byzantine Sheet Continues into Staggered Byz Sheet.
Celtic Strap
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Japanese chain
(band)
7     (5.7, 3.3)+ 5.7, 3.3
Celtic-based band. Continues into Celtic Diffusion Sheet.
Celtic Visions Strap
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese chain
(band)
8     (5.5, 3.3)+ 5.5, 3.3
CV-based band. Continues into CVUS.
(Tutorial), (Video)
  Also found at M.A.I.L.:
McCairds Not Tao 3 Chain
Japanese chain
(band)
 
Not Tao 3 Web Continues into NT3 Web
  Captive Zen Japanese chain
(band)
 
Captive Zen Sheet Full Continues into CZSF
Image (Band) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Weave strips, flatter and wider than standard chains.
See also: Bumpa, Celtic, Celtic Wings.
Viperscale
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain
(band)
3 {5.5}   -5.7 - 6.4 5.7
6.4
Flat Persian band.
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Gridlock Byzantine
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain
(band)
3 3.5 3.5 - 3.6 3.6 - 3.7 3.5
3.7 (rigid loop)
Gridlock (Corduroy) 3 rows wide Gridlock with Berus edges. Same edging as Vipera Star.
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
Vipera Star
Louhi
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European, Spiral chain
(band)
3     3.3 3.3
3 rows wide Gridlock with Hoodoo Chain edges.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Hoodoo Chain
B^ Band (Byzee Beez To Butterflies)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain
(band)
5     -4.1+ 4.1, 3.6
B^ Chain 2 mirrored B^ Chains. Shared center row.
(Tutorial)
Helm Chain Ladder Orbital Japanese chain
(band)
4   (3.3, 5.5) (3.3, 5.5)+ 3.3, 5.5
Helm Chain Helm Chain segments turned sidewyas and bolted together in sequence.
Escalator 2 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain
(band)
2     (3.3, 6.9) 3.3, 6.9 2 offset large ring lean rows held together by small ring pairs scaled inside.
Vertebrae
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain
(band)
3     (3.7, 5.8)+ 3.7, 5.8
European 4 in 1 3 rows wide E4-1 strip with rings in middle row scaled.
Garter Belt
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain
(band)
3     (4.5, 6.6, 3.4)+ 4.4, 6.5, 3.3 2 rows wide scaled E4-1 with HP2-1 AE edge connectors. Smaller WD for edge rings recommended. (Video)
Dragonsteps
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain
(band)
3     -(3.2, 5.6)+ 3.2, 5.6
vs.
Staggered large ring lean row held together by smaller rings. Large rings scale (orbit) around small rings running up the middle.
(Tutorial), (2)
Dragontoes
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Persian chain
(band)
3     -(3.4, 3.8, 5.9)+ 3.4, 3.8, 5.9
vs.
Staggered large ring lean row held together by smaller rings. Large rings scale (orbit) around small rings running up the middle.
Dragontoes Alternate Orbital Persian chain
(band)
3     -(3.4, 3.8, 5.9)+ 3.4, 3.8, 5.9
vs.
Staggered large ring lean row held together by smaller rings. Large rings scale (orbit) around small rings running up the middle.
Dragontoes Zigzag Orbital Persian chain
(band)
3     -(3.4, 3.8, 5.9)+ 3.4, 3.8, 5.9
vs.
Staggered large ring lean row held together by smaller rings. Large rings scale (orbit) around small rings running up the middle.

Hybrid Band

Hybrid
Band
Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Rondo
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese, European chain
(band)
7       4.1, 3.3, 2.7, 5.8, 6.3
Helm Chain/Byz band. Continues into Rondo Sheet.
(Tutorial)
Helm Chain Byzantine
Azidahaka
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain
(band)
3       2WD
Half Persian 3 in 1 Band of 2 HP3-1 chains sewn up with rings making HP2-1 connections, 1 per HP3 chain. Ring size specific. (Video) Half Persian 2 in 1
Persian Dragontail (PDT)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian, European chain
(band)
2     -(5.9, 3.6)+ 5.9, 3.6
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 edges with flared side in. Top and bottom sewn up with similarly leaning E4-1 row. European 4 in 1

Hybrid Tube

Image (Tube)+++++ Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Interwoven 4 in 1 (I4-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian, European tube chain 2     -4.4+ 4.4
HP2-1 edges. Top and bottom sewn up as E4-1. Continues into I4-1S.
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 2 in 1 (unstable standalone) European 4 in 1 Interwoven 4 in 1 Sheet
Interwoven 6 in 1 (I6-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian, European tube chain 2     -7.2+ 7.2
vs.
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 edges. Top and bottom sewn up as E6-1. European 6 in 1
Persian Dragonscale (PDS)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian, European tube chain 2     -(4.9, 3.6)+ 4.9, 3.6
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 edges. Top and bottom sewn up as E4-1. Flat 2-sided tube.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (vs. Dragonback), (Video)
European 4 in 1
Dragonback
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian, European tube** chain 4     -4.9+ 4.9
(2)
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 edges. Top and bottom sewn up as E4-1. Different sew up method compared to PDS & PDT. Flat 2-sided hybrid tube. **No established sheet basis.
(Tutorial), (2), (3), (vs. PDS)
European 4 in 1
[HP4/E6] Interwoven 7 in 1 (I7-1) Persian, European tube chain 2     -6.8+ 6.8
vs.
Half Persian 4 in 1 HP4-1 edges. Top and bottom sewn up as E6-1. 7 in 1 chain. European 6 in 1
Interwoven 8 in 1 (I8-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian, European tube chain 2     -9.8+ 9.8
vs.
Half Persian 4 in 1 HP4-1 edges. Top and bottom sewn up as E8-1. European 8 in 1
Wyrm Tail
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian, European tube** chain 3     -(5.3, 3.6)+ 5.3, 3.6
3QP edges. Top and bottom sewn up as E4-1. Flat 2-sided hybrid tube. **No established sheet basis. European 4 in 1
Lady Of The House
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian, European tube** chain 2     -5.0+ 5.0
HP3-1 with two added E4-1 rows formed tube **with no established sheet basis. Sturdier than 1-ring size Box.
Half Persian 3 in 1 European 4 in 1 Box Chain 4 in 1

Hybrid

Alligator River | B8FP | Byzanclean | Celtic Byzantine | Cylon
Gridbox | Helmantine | Ridgeways | Slow Worm | Vires

Image (Persian/European) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Distinctly concocted of two (or more) weaves.
Certain others found above.
Interwoven 4 in 1 Sheet (I4-1S)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian, European sheet 2 >4.2   -4.5+ 4.5
HP2-1 rows divided by doubled sets of E4-1 rows. I4-1 strands interconnected in series to form a sheet.
(Tutorial)
Half Persian 2 in 1 European 4 in 1 Interwoven 4 in 1
HP2/E4 Proto Hybrid Persian, European sheet 2     -4.2+ 4.2
Half Persian 2 in 1 HP2-1 rows locked in place by dividing single E4-1 rows. Successive rows alternate lean direction. European 4 in 1
HP2/E4 Proto Hybrid Alternate Persian, European sheet 2     4.4+ 4.4
Half Persian 2 in 1 HP2-1 rows locked in place by dividing E4-1 rows. Row lean direction consistent. European 4 in 1
HP2/E4 Proto Hybrid Waves Persian, European sheet 2     -4.2+ 4.2
Half Persian 2 in 1 HP2-1 rows locked in place by dividing E4-1 rows. (Slight) HP peaks alternate between front/back of sheet. European 4 in 1
HP2/E4 Proto Hybrid Alternate Waves Persian, European sheet 2     4.4+ 4.4
Half Persian 2 in 1 HP2-1 rows locked in place by dividing E4-1 rows. HP peaks alternate between front/back of sheet. European 4 in 1
Alligator River
(M.A.I.L.), (Winterwar Sheet)**
(Maillepedia), (Winterwar Sheet)**
Persian, European sheet 2     -(4.6, 4.1)+ 4.6, 4.1
Half Persian 3 in 1 Alternating handedness HP3-1 chain sheet divided by E4-1 rows. **M.A.I.L., and Maillepedia entries of Winterwar Sheet apply Berus to non HP rows. (Video) European 4 in 1
Ridgeways
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian, European sheet 2     -4.6+ 4.6
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 chain sheet with each divided by E4-1 connections. HP3-1 peaks alternating sheet side. European 4 in 1
Three Quarters Persian/European 4 in 1 Sheet (3QP/E4-1S) Persian, European sheet 2     -6.0+ 6.0
Three Quarters Persian (3QP) Multiple 3QP strands connected with TE E4-1 rows on each side of 3QP center ring set. 2 seperate E4-1 sheets mirrored. European 4 in 1
Three Quarters Persian/European 4 in 1 Sheet Alt Persian, European sheet 3     -6.0+ 6.0
Three Quarters Persian (3QP) 3QP/E4-1Sheet with the vertical rings alternating in lean direction. European 4 in 1
Half Persian 3 in 1 Cylon
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian, European chain 3     -(7.1, 4.2) 6.8, 3.9
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 + half of a smaller ring IR chain (Gridlock) added to the concave side. (Video) Gridlock (Corduroy)
Half Persian 3 in 1 Slow Worm
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2     -(5.7, 3.7)+ 5.7, 3.7
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 with concave side sewn up by smaller rings involving HP2-1 connections to outside edges + standard central connections. (Video) Half Persian 2 in 1
Half Persian 3 in 1 Vires
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2       2WD
Half Persian 3 in 1 HP3-1 with added rows of ring size specific HP2-1 connections on each side. (Video) Half Persian 2 in 1
Image (Byz/Helm/Celtic) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Rondo Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese, European sheet 7     -(4.0, 3.4, 5.8, 6.2)+ 4.0, 3.3, 5.8, 6.2
Helm Chains divided by Byz chains, or Byz chains divided by Helm connections. Contracts into Rondo band.
Helm Chain Byzantine Rondo
Celtic Byzantine Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese, European sheet 4       2WD
Celtic Byzantine Celtic Byz chain sheet.
Celtic Helm Sheet Orbital Japanese sheet 5     -(3.4, 5.6, 8.3) 3.4, 5.6, 8.3
Helm Chain Helm Chains divided by Celtic connections, or Celtic chains divided by Helm connections. Celtic
Gridbox
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese, European chain 5     -(5.5, 4.4)+ 5.5, 4.4
Byzantine Byz with half of the connector cells replaced with those found in Celtic. Celtic
Celtic Byzantine
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese, European chain 5       2WD
Byzantine Byz / Celtic hybrid. Single large ring passes through the center of each Celtic cell. Expands into Celtic Byz Sheet. Celtic
Celtic Half Byzantine
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 4       4.6, 5.7, 6.6
Celtic Byzantine Celtic Byz with each Box cell facing the same direction.
Locked Byzanclean Orbital European chain 5     -(4.6, 3.5, 5.7)+ 4.6, 3.5, 5.7
Byzanclean Byzanclean with each wing ring tucked into the otherwise orbital rings.
Locked Helmantine
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 3     -(5.8, 3.7)+ 5.8, 3.7
Helmantine Helmantine with each wing ring tucked into the otherwise orbital rings.
Byzanclean
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 5     -(4.6, 3.5, 5.7)+ 4.6, 3.5, 5.7
Byzantine Byz chain with every other connection Helm Chain scaled.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Helm Chain
Half Byzanclean
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European chain 5     -(4.6, 3.5, 5.7)+ 4.6, 3.5, 5.7
Byzantine Byz chain with Helm Chain connections. Box cells face same direction. Helm Chain
Helmantine
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 3       2WD
Byzantine Byz chain with Helm Chain connections. Helm Chain
Byzanclean Sheet 2 Orbital European sheet 6     -(4.6, 3.5, 5.7)+ 4.6, 3.5, 5.7
Byzanclean Byzanclean chain sheet.
Image (Spiral/Persian) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Drillbit
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral, Persian, European chain 3     5.0+ 5.0
Spiral 4 in 1 Spiral4-1 core, single E4-1 TE row on each side with HP3-1 edges. Retains spiral form. Half Persian 3 in 1

B8FP

Image (B8FP6) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample "Box Ate Full Persian"
B8FP 6 in 1 (B8FP6-1) (Sand Worm)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian, European chain 2 {6.5}   -7.0+ 7.0, 7.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 surrounded by Box.
(Tutorial)
Box
B8FP 6 in 1 Alternate (B8FP6-1A) Persian, European chain 2   -6.9+ -7.4+ 7.4
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 surrounded by Box chain of same grain direction.
(Tutorial)
Box
B8FP 6 in 1 Too Persian, European chain 2   -7.9+ -9.1+ 7.9
9.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 B8FP6-1 with Box rings connecting to previous FP6-1 cell. Box
Locked B8FP 6 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian, European chain 2   -9.1 9.1+ 9.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 B8FP6-1 with Box rings also connected to subsequent FP6-1 cell. Box
Locked B8FP 6 in 1 Alternate Persian, European chain 2 >9.1 -9.9+   9.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 B8FP6-1A with Box rings also connected to subsequent FP6-1 cell. Box
B8FP 6 in 1 Grizzly (B8FP6-1G) (Vertigo)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian, European chain 4     -9.0+ 9.0
Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly FP6-1G surrounded by Box. Box
B8FP 6 in 1 Dense (B8FP6-1D) Persian, European chain 2   -(9.0, 8.5) (9.0, 8.5)+ 9.0, 8.5
Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense FP6-1D surrounded by (smaller rings in displayed sample) Box. Box
B8FP 6 in 1 Dense Alternate Persian, European chain 2     -9.8+ 9.8
Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense FP6-1D surrounded by Box with same grain direction. Box
B8FP 6 in 1 Dense Vertigo Persian, European chain 2   -10.3+   10.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 Dense FP6-1D surrounded by Box. Box rings pass through extra set of FP6-1D rings. Box
B8FP 6 in 1 Gridlock Persian, European chain 5     -8.3 8.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 Gridlock FP6-1Gridlock surrounded by Box. Box
  (B8FP8)                
B8FP 8 in 1 (B8FP8-1) Persian, European chain 2   -8.7+   8.7
Full Persian 8 in 1 FP8-1 surrounded by Box. Box
  (RM8HC6)               "Roundmaille Ate Hilt Chain"
RM8HC 6 in 1 (RM8HC6-1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian, European chain 2 >5.8 -6.5+   6.5
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 surrounded by RM. Roundmaille

4 Winds

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample
Half Persian 2 in 1 (unstable) HP2-1-based.
Cloud Cover
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 3     3.1 - 3.2 3.1 Repetition of 6-ring segments involving specifically placed AE connections. (Video)
4 Winds
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 3     (3.1 - 3.2, -4.7+) 3.1, 4.7
vs.
Chain succession of specific 6-ring arrangements thus divided by larger connector rings. Very slight spiral over distance.
(Video)
4 Winds Alternating Persian chain 3     (3.1 - 3.2, -4.7+) 3.1, 4.7
vs.
4 Winds with alternating cell directions. No spiralling effect.
4 Winds Square Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian square sheet 3     (3.1 - 3.2, -6.1+) 3.1, 6.1 J4-1-based tessellation applied to 4 Winds segments.
4 Winds Hex Sheet Persian hex sheet 3     (3.1 - 3.2, 9.8+) 3.2, 9.8 J6-1-based tessellation applied to 4 Winds segments.
4 Winds Web Persian hex sheet (web) 3     (3.1 - 3.2, -4.9+) 3.4, 4.9
J3-1-based tessellation applied to 4 Winds. Pentagonal tessellation instead yields 4 Winds Dodecahedron. 4 Winds Dodecahedron

Berus

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample See also: Hoodoo, Vipera Star (unit), GL Byz.
Safety In Numbers (SIN)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Mage sheet 2     3.5+ 3.5
2 in 1 Chain Singled 2-1C columns connected by interwoven Berus chains. 2 in 1 Chain
Vipera Berus (VB)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain
(band)
2   -3.2 3.2+ 3.2
European 4 in 1 2 rows wide E4-1 with 2-1Cs woven through each row.
(Tutorial), (Video)
2 in 1 Chain
Vipera Berus (B2)
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
European chain
(band)
2     -4.4+ 4.4
European 4 in 1 2 rows wide E4-1 with 4-2Cs woven through each row.
(Tutorial), (Video)
4 in 2 Chain
Vipera Berus Sheet (VBS)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2     -4.1+ 4.1
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with a 2-1C woven through each row.
(Tutorial)
2 in 1 Chain
Vipera Berus Sheet (B2) European sheet 2     -5.2+ 5.2
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with a 4-2C woven through each row.
(Tutorial)
4 in 2 Chain
Hades
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2     -(5.8, 4.7)+ 5.8, 4.7
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with a 2-1C woven through each set of E4 connection points. 2 in 1 Chain
Hades Alternate European sheet 2     -(5.8, 4.7)+ 5.8, 4.7
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with a 2-1C woven through each set of E4 connection points. Rings in each 2-1C lean in the same direction. 2 in 1 Chain
Offset Hades European sheet 2     -(5.8, 4.7)+ 5.8, 4.7
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with a 2-1C woven through each set of E4 connection points. Connections offset. 2 in 1 Chain
Offset Hades Alternate European sheet 2     -(5.8, 4.7)+ 5.8, 4.7
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with a 2-1C woven through each set of E4 connection points. Rings in each 2-1C lean in the same direction. Connections offset. 2 in 1 Chain
Image (Orbital Berus) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbital Vipera Berus (OVB)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 2     -(3.3, 5.8)+ 3.3, 5.8
Single lean row held together by small, scaled rings in 2-1C Berus arrangement.
(Tutorial), (2), (3)
2 in 1 Chain
Orbital Vipera Berus (B2) Orbital European chain 2     -(4.9, 7.4)+ 4.9, 7.4
Single lean row held together by small, scaled rings in 4-2C Berus arrangement.
(Tutorial), (2), (3)
4 in 2 Chain
Orbital Vipera Berus Sheet (OVBS)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet 2     -(4.1, 6.3)+ 4.1, 6.3
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with scaled, Berused 2-1C running up each row. 2 in 1 Chain
Orbital Vipera Berus Sheet (B2) Orbital European sheet 2     -(4.5, 6.8)+ 4.5, 6.8
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with scaled, Berused 4-2C running up each row. 2 in 1 Chain
Orbital Super Berus (OSB)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 2     -(3.6, 6.9)+ 3.6, 6.9 Single lean row held together by small, scaled rings in 2 separate 2-1C Berus arrangements. (Video)
Orbital Super Berus (B2) Orbital European chain 2       2WD Single lean row held together by small, scaled rings in 2 separate 4-2C Berus arrangements. (Video)
Orbital Super Berus Alternate (B1) Orbital European chain 2     -(3.6, 6.9)+ 3.6, 6.9 Single lean row held together by small, scaled rings in 2 separate 2-1C Berus arrangements. Each 2-1C leans similarly.
Orbital Super Berus Alternate (B2) Orbital European chain 2       2WD Single lean row held together by small, scaled rings in 2 separate 4-2C Berus arrangements. Each 4-2C leans similarly.
Orbital Super Berus Sheet (OSBS) Orbital European sheet 2     -(4.1, 7.4)+ 4.1, 7.4
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with pair of scaled, Berused 2-1Cs running up each row. 2 in 1 Chain
Orbital Super Berus Sheet Alternate Orbital European sheet 2     -(4.1, 7.4)+ 4.1, 7.4
European 4 in 1 E4-1 with pair of scaled, Berused 2-1Cs running up each row. Each 2-1C leans similarly. 2 in 1 Chain
Karuna
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 2     -(3.6, 6.9)+ 3.6, 6.9 OSB with large ring (otherwise lean) row arranged as a 2-1C. (Video)
Karuna Alternate Orbital European chain 2     -(3.6, 6.9)+ 3.6, 6.9 OSB Alt with large ring (otherwise lean) row arranged as a 2-1C.
Orbital Vipera Spiral (OVS) Orbital Spiral chain 2     -(4.0, 6.1)+ 4.0, 6.1 OVB with large ring (otherwise lean) row arranged as a spiralling 2-1C.
Orbital Vipera Spiral (B2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Spiral chain 2     -(4.2, 6.4)+ 4.2, 6.4 OVB(B2) with large ring (otherwise lean) row arranged as a spiralling 2-1C.
Orbital Super Berus Spiral (OSBS) (Boddhi)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Spiral chain 2     -(3.6, 7.1)+ 3.6, 7.1 OSB with large ring (otherwise lean) row arranged as a spiralling 2-1C.
Orbital Super Berus Spiral Alternate Orbital Spiral chain 2     -(3.6, 7.1)+ 3.6, 7.1 OSB Alt with large ring (otherwise lean) row arranged as a spiralling 2-1C.

Rhino / Orbiter / Rover

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
RSD
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 3     3.1+ 3.1
1-2-1-2 Chain 1-2-1-2C with 1 rhino ring (AE connection) in each 2-ring cell.
RSD (R2) (Barrel)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 3     3.5+ 3.5
1-2-1-2 Chain 1-2-1-2C with 2 rhino rings (AE connection) in each 2-ring cell. (Video), (2)
RSD (R3) (Keg of Maker's Mark)
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 4     (4.2, 5.0)+ 4.2, 5.0
1-2-1-2 Chain 1-2-1-2C with 3 rhino rings (AE connection) in each 2-ring cell. Center rhino ring ideally slightly larger in ID.
Drunken Rhinos
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 3     3.3+ 3.3 RSD with each successive rhino cell alternating lean direction.
Drunken Rhinos (R2) European chain 3     3.5+ 3.5 Barrel with each successive rhino cell alternating lean direction.
Prejudiced Rhinos
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 3     -3.3+ 3.3
(group)
Biased European 4 in 1 Biased E4-1 strip with 1 rhino ring applied to every other cell.
Prejudiced Rhinos (R2) European chain 3     3.5+ 3.5
Biased European 4 in 1 Biased E4-1 strip with 2 rhino rings applied to every other cell.
Prejudiced Rhinos Everywhere (R1)
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 3     -3.3+ 3.3
Biased European 4 in 1 Biased E4-1 strip with 1 rhino ring applied to every cell.
Prejudiced Rhinos Everywhere (R2) European chain 3     -3.7+ 3.7
Biased European 4 in 1 Biased E4-1 strip with 2 rhino rings applied to every cell.
Prejudiced Rhinos Everywhere (R1/R2) (Screw Chain)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 4     -3.5+ 3.5
Biased European 4 in 1 Biased E4-1 strip with the number of rhino rings in each cell alternating between 1 and 2.
Moon Rhino (R1)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 3       2WD
Harvest Moon Harvest Moon with 1 rhino ring passed through each parallel 2-ring cell. Larger WD for rhino ring to improve structure.
Moon Rhino (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 3     -5.0+ 5.0
Harvest Moon Harvest Moon with 2 rhino rings passed through each parallel 2-ring cell.
Moon Rhino (R3) Japanese chain 4     -5.3+ 5.3
Harvest Moon Harvest Moon with 3 rhino rings passed through each parallel 2-ring cell.
Kudzu (R2)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 3     5.0 - 5.3 5.0
Byzantine Byz with double Rhinoed (Barrelled) connector rings.
  Also found at M.A.I.L.:
Jellybeans On Parade
Japanese chain 2  
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with rhino rings added to every cell.
  Corvus Chain Japanese chain 3
Image (Orbiter/Rover) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbiter
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 3     -5.3+ 5.3
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with rings added in a rhino fashion, making extra connections.
Orbiter Alternating
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 3     -5.3+ 5.3
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with rings added in a rhino fashion, making extra connections.
Rover
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese chain 3     -5.3+ 5.3
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with rings added in a rhino fashion, making extra connections.
Rover, Double
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 3     -5.3+ 5.3
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with rings added in a rhino fashion, making extra connections.
Moon Orbiter
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 3     -5.3+ 5.3
Harvest Moon Harvest Moon with 2 rhino rings added to every cell. Rhino makes extra connection through subsequent moon cell.
Moon Orbiter Alternating Japanese chain 3     -5.3+ 5.3
Harvest Moon Harvest Moon with...
Moon Rover
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 3     -5.3+ 5.3
Harvest Moon Harvest Moon with...
Moon Rover Alternating Japanese chain 3     -5.3+ 5.3
Harvest Moon Harvest Moon with...
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Helm Orbiter
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(5.2, 7.5)+ 5.2, 7.5
Helm Chain Helm Chain with added set of large rings that obliquely scale around outside layered ring sets.
Helm Orbiter Alternating
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(5.2, 7.5)+ 5.2, 7.5 Helm Orbiter with alternating connection points.
Helm Orbiter Disconnect Orbital Japanese chain 6     -(5.2, 7.5)+ 5.2, 7.5 Helm Orbiter with each orbiter ring only connected in one position.
Helm Orbiter Disconnect Alternating Orbital Japanese chain 7     -(5.2, 7.5)+ 5.2, 7.5 Helm Orbiter with each orbiter ring only connected in one position, each alternating.
Helm Orbiter Disconnect 2 Orbital Japanese chain 7     -(5.2, 7.5)+ 5.2, 7.5 Helm Orbiter with each orbiter ring only connected in one position.
Helm Orbiter Disconnect 2 Alternating Orbital Japanese chain 5     -(5.2, 7.5)+ 5.2, 7.5 Helm Orbiter with each orbiter ring only connected in one position, each alternating.

Extra

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Weave item + extras tacked onto outside edge(s). See also: B8FP, Orbital items.
DS, EO, CV, Overfull FP, Shuttle, 2.5P, 3HLS, etc. + captive weaves add rings to inside of cells. Hikaru, Japanorb, Borealis, etc. add ring layer to sheet weaves.
Shaggy Loops
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese chain 2 (2.4, 1.0)   (2.5, -2.1)+ 2.5, 2.1
2 in 1 Chain 2-1C with 2 loose rings added to opposite sides of each cell.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Rosetta
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 3     single: 3.7+ 3.7
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with every other cell Boxed in. Optionally, slightly smaller Box rings can be used to reduce slack.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Crescent Moon
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese chain 3     -(5.3, 6.6)+ 5.3, 6.6
Harvest Moon Harvest Moon with additional rings added to outside edge of cells with parallel ring pairs.
Double Stuff Trizantine
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 4     -(5.9, 7.5)+ 5.9, 7.5
Trizantine Triz with edge rings added to 2-ring cells.
(Orbital Inverted Round)**
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European chain 3     (6.3, 5.6, 4.3), etc. 6.3, 5.6, 4.3
IR chain with orbital connections added to external cell ring meetup points. Orbital ring size specific. **Not to be confused with an IR which would have orbital rings surrounding connection points.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Gridlock Leviathan
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 5     -7.9 - 8.3 7.9
Full Persian 6 in 1 Gridlock FP6-1Gridlock with added sets of rings on opposite sides of the chain.
(Tutorial)
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Surrounded Persian, European chain 2 ~5.8 5.8 - 5.9   5.9
Hilt Chain 6 in 1 HC6-1 surrounded. Not fully Boxed in like RM8HC6-1.
Locked Twist
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral chain 2       2WD
Spiral 4 in 1 Spiral4-1 with smaller locking edge rings. Small ring ID just above 2xWD of large ring.
  Also found at M.A.I.L.:
Persian Dragonspine
Persian chain
(band)
  HP3-1
  Shaggy Pind Loopage Persian chain   JPL

Segmented / Unit Repetition

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample See also: Helm Chain Ladder, Daisy Chain 2, Fourever.
Half Byzantine Plus One
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese, European chain 3       2WD
Byz with extra divider ring (+1). All Box cell grain direction similar.
Byzantine, Double Boxed European chain 2     -4.8 - 5.4 5.4
Byz with two Box cells between sets of connector rings. Transforms into Persiantine. Persiantine
Magus Apprentice
(M.A.I.L.)
Mage chain 3     -(2.2, 2.9) - (2.4, 3.2) 2.2, 2.9
Magus Variant Further segmented Magus Variant. 4-2-2-2-4-2-2-2 continuation.
Persiantine
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain 2 (4.4, ?*)   -5.4+ 5.4
Full Persian 6 in 1 2-cell FP6-1 segments Byzantised. Transformation of Byz Double Boxed. Dimensionalizes as Persiantine Web Square Cube. *4.4 min AR for 2-cell FP6-1 segment. (Video) Persiantine Web Square Cube
Persiantine Web Square (single connector)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian square sheet (web) 3     (4.4, 6.1)+ 4.4, 6.1
Persiantine expanded into a square sheet with J4-1 tessellation. Dimensionalizes as Persiantine Web Square Cube. Persiantine Web Square Cube
Persiantine Web Square Cube (single connector)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian dimensional 2 (4.4, 6.1)
(4.6, ~6.1) [double connector]
(4.4, 6.1)   4.4, 6.1
Persiantine Alternating 2-cell FP6-1 segments separated by connector rings (Persiantine) expanded as a square web, then dimensionally. Orbits as Orbit Persiantine Web Square Cube. Orbit Persiantine Web Square Cube
Orbit Persiantine Web Sqaure Cube (O6) Orbital Persian dimensional 3   (4.6, 6.3, 7.4)   4.6, 6.3, 7.4
Persiantine Web Square Cube Persiantine Web Square Cube with 6 large orbit rings around each 2-cell FP6-1 segment.
Image (Unit Repetition) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Connected (otherwise stable, standalone) units. See also Bee Stings.
Fieldstone and Sweetpea are AR-locked unit sequences.
Scary Weave
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced Japanese chain 4     5.3+ 5.3
Not Tao 2 (NT2) Bolted, biased sequence of NT2 units. (Video)
Honey Bee
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)**
Reinforced Japanese chain 4     -(4.9, 3.3)+ 4.9, 3.3
Not Tao 2 (NT2) Bolted sequence of sideways-turned NT2 units. **M.A.I.L., and Maillepedia entries have doubled connector (bolt) rings. (Video)
Mercury
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese, European chain 2     3.9 - 4.0 3.9
Mercury Unit 2-ring 2-1C segment with captive and orbital 4-ring "Box" segment surrounding. Mercury Unit repeated into a chain. Sideways unit integrated expansion as Hoodoo Messenger.
Minerva
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 6     5.0 - 5.1 5.0
Minerva Unit 4-2C segments continually folded back and locked in place. Resulting Minerva Units repeated into a chain.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Byzantine Double Knot
(M.A.I.L.)**
European chain 6     (5.0 - 5.1, -4.0+) 5.0, 4.0
Minerva Unit 4-2C segments continually folded back and locked in place. Resulting Minerva Units repeated into a chain. Every second unit alternates direction with its successor. **M.A.I.L. entry has connector rings singled.
Tetra Orb Cube Orbital Japanese dimensional 3 single: 6.0 single: 6.0
(5.1, 3.6), etc.
  5.1, 3.6
(2)
Tetra Orb Tetra Orb repeated dimensionally. See also: TOT Cube.
Tetra Orb Cube (2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese dimensional 3 single: 6.2 single: 6.2 - 6.4   6.3, 6.4
(2)
Tetra Orb (2) Tetra Orb (2) repeated dimensionally.
Celtic Visions Circle 4 Chain Japanese chain (band) 7 (3.0, 6.1)   (3.1, 6.2)+ 3.0, 6.1
Celtic Visions Circle 4 Chain sequence of CVC4 units.
  Also found at M.A.I.L.:
Not Tao 3 Sheet
Japanese chain     NT3
  Orbital X Japanese chain     Hourglass Unit
  2 in 1 ByzCaptive European chain     Mercury Unit

King

Image (Japanese) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Every ring instance doubled, tripled, etc. "King's Maille" is doubled E4-1. See also J10-2 (dodecahedron).
4 in 2 Chain (4-2C) Japanese, etc. chain 1 2.6
(2-1C+0.6)
(+1.2=J8-2Cube)
2.6 2.8 - 4.3+ 3.0
Kinged 2-1C. Expands into J12-2, J6-2, J8-2HW, J8-2. Captivates as C4-2C, 2-1CC4-2C, 6-3CC4-2C, and is captivated as 4-2CC4-2C. Orbits as O4-2C, Orbit4-2C. Dimensionalizes as J8-2Cube. Expands into Rosetta.
2 in 1 Chain 4 in 2 Chain Captive 4 in 2 Chain Orbital 4 in 2 Chain (O1) Orbit 4 in 2 Chain (O3) Japanese 8 in 2 Cube Rosetta
6 in 3 Chain (6-3C) Japanese, etc. chain 2 (3.2, 3.6) (3.2, 3.6) -(3.6, 4.0)+ 3.4, 3.6
3.2, 3.6
Tripled 2-1C. Smaller ring for inner 2-1C. Is captivated as 6-3CC4-2C. Orbits as O6-3C, Orbit6-3C. Dimensionalizes as J12-3Cube.
2 in 1 Chain 6 in 3 Chain Captive 4 in 2 Chain Orbital 6 in 3 Chain (O1) Orbit 6 in 3 Chain (O4) Japanese 12 in 3 Cube
Japanese 8 in 2 (J8-2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese square sheet 2 (2.6, 3.8) (2.6, 3.8) - (2.7, 4.0) (2.8, 4.1)+ 2.6, 3.9
2.6, 3.9
Japanese 4 in 1 Kinged J4-1. 4-2C square sheet. Large rings pass through 8, small through 4. Captivates as CJ8-2. Orbits as OJ8-2. Dimensionalizes as J8-2Cube. Captive Japanese 8 in 2
Japanese 8 in 2 Cube (J8-2Cube)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese dimensional 1 3.8
(4-2C+1.2)
(J4-1Cube+1.4)
3.8 - 4.0 3.9 - 4.4 4.2
4.4
4.8
Japanese 4 in 1 Cube Kinged J4-1Cube. J8-2 expanded dimensionally. All rings pass through 8. AR-sensitive. Orbits as OJ8-2Cube.
(Tutorial)
Orbital Japanese 8 in 2 Cube
Japanese 12 in 3 Cube (J12-3Cube)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese dimensional 2 single: 5.3 (5.3, 5.6) 5.5+ 5.3, 5.6
5.3
Japanese 4 in 1 Cube Tripled J4-1Cube. J12-3 expanded dimensionally. All rings pass through 12. AR-sensitive.
Japanese 16 in 4 Cube (J16-4Cube) Japanese dimensional 2   single: -6.8+   6.8
Japanese 4 in 1 Cube Quadrupled J4-1Cube. J16-4 expanded dimensionally. All rings pass through 16.
Japanese 12 in 2 (J12-2)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Japanese hex sheet 2 (2.6, 5.2) (2.6, 5.2) - (2.7, 5.5) (2.8, 5.3)+ 2.6, 5.2
2.6, 5.3
Japanese 6 in 1 Kinged J6-1. 4-2C hexagonally expanding sheet. Large rings pass through 12, small through 4. Captivates as CJ12-2. Orbits as OJ12-2. Orbital Japanese 12 in 2
Japanese 6 in 2 (J6-2) Japanese hex sheet (web) 2 (2.6, 3.3) (2.6, 3.3) (2.8, 3.6)+ 2.6, 3.3
Japanese 3 in 1 Kinged J3-1. 4-2C hexagonally expanding web. Large rings pass through 6, small through 4. Orbits as OJ6-2, OrbitJ6-2. Orbit Japanese 6 in 2
Japanese 8 in 2 Hex Web (J8-2HW) Japanese hex sheet (web) 2 (2.6, (4.2 or 4.3))   (2.8, 4.4)+ 2.7, 4.4
Japanese 4 in 1 Hex Web Kinged J4-1HW. 4-2C hexagonally expanding web. Large rings pass through 8, small through 2. Captivates as C4-2CWeb. Captive 4 in 2 Chain Web
Japanese 6 in 2 Square Web (J6-2SW) Japanese square sheet (web) 2 (2.6, 3.6) (2.6, 3.6) (2.7, 3.7)+ 2.6, 3.6
Japanese 3 in 1 Square Web Kinged J3-1SW. 4-2C web expansion with square maille sections divided by ocagonal openings. Large rings pass through 6, small through 4.
Image (Kinged European) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
European 8 in 2 (E8-2) (King's Maille)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 1 4.7
(E4-1+1.8)
4.7 - 5.0 5.0 - 7.7+ 5.2
European 4 in 1 Kinged E4-1.
(Tutorial), (2), (Video)
European 6 in 1 (E6-2) European sheet 1     -5.5+ 5.5
European 3 in 1 (Trinitymaille) (E3-1) Kinged E3-1.
European 12 in 2 (E12-2) (Emperor's Maille)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 1 6.8 or 6.9
(E6-1+2.5)
6.9 - 7.8 7.8 - 9.9+ 7.4
10
graduated
European 6 in 1 Kinged E6-1.
European 16 in 2 (E16-2) European sheet 1   -9.1+   9.1
European 8 in 1 Kinged E8-1.
European 10 in 2 (E10-2) European sheet 1     -7.9+ 7.9
European 5 in 1 (E5-1) Kinged E5-1.
Double Dragonscale (DDS) Orbital European sheet 2 ~(6.6, 9.4) (6.6, 9.4)+ -(7.2, 10.2)+ 6.6, 9.4
7.2, 10.2
Dragonscale Kinged DS has every ring doubled.
King Candy Cane Cord (KCCC) European chain 2 >7.6   8.3+ 8.3
Candy Cane Cord CCC with every ring kinged.
Image (Kinged Persian) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Half Persian 4 in 2 Spine Persian chain 2     -7.1+ 7.1
Half Persian 2 in 1 Spine Kinged HP2-1Spine. Contraction of HP4S8-2.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Tube 2 (King Ulu) Persian tube chain 1 >8.5   -9.4+ 9.4
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 2 Kinged HP2S4-1 Tube 2. 2-sided tube of HP4S8-2.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Tube 3 (King Tri-Force) Persian tube chain 1 7.4 or 7.5
(Tri-Force+3.1)
  -7.6+ 7.6
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 3 Kinged HP2S4-1 Tube 3. 3-sided tube of HP4S8-2.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Tube 4 (King Power Tower) Persian tube chain 1     7.3+ 7.3
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Tube 4 Kinged HP2S4-1 Tube 4. 4-sided tube of HP4S8-2.
Half Persian 6 in 2 Flip Persian chain 2     -5.5+ 5.5
Half Persian 3 in 1 Flip Kinged HP3-1Flip.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Waves Persian sheet 1     -8.0+ 8.0
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Waves Kinged HP2S4-1 Waves.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Variant Alternating Persian sheet 2     -8.5+ 8.5
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Variant Alternating Kinged HP2S4-1VA.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Alternate Waves Persian sheet 1     -8.0+ 8.0
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Alternate Waves Kinged HP2S4-1 Alt Waves.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 Reversing Waves Persian sheet 1     -8.0+ 8.0
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Reversing Waves Kinged HP2S4-1 Reversing Waves.
King Cloudy Day Persian sheet 1     -6.3+ 6.3
Cloudy Day Cloudy Day with every ring kinged.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 8 in 2 (HP4S8-2) Persian sheet 1     -8.5+ 8.5
Half Persian 2 Sheet 4 in 1 Kinged HP2S4-1. Tubes as HP4S8-2 Tube 2, HP4S8-2 Tube 3, HP4S8-2 Tube 4.
Half Persian 6 in 2 (HP6-2) Persian chain 2 >5.5
<6.2**
5.5 - 6.6+ -6.6 - 7.8+ 6.6
7.8
6.2
Half Persian 3 in 1 Kinged HP3-1. 2 rows wide HP6S12-2. Half of FP12-2. Expands into 3QPS12-2. **Curls < ~6.6. Infinite curly expansion at 6.2. 4-cell lockup at 5.5.
Half Persian 6 Sheet 12 in 2 (HP6S12-2) Persian sheet 1 >7.8 -9.1+   9.1
Half Persian 3 Sheet 6 in 1 Kinged HP3S6-1. Contracts into HP6-2.
Half Persian 8 in 2 (HP8-2) Persian chain 1 7.8
(HP4-1+3.4)
7.8+ -8.7+ 8.7
7.8
Half Persian 4 in 1 Kinged HP4-1.
Half Persian 10 in 2 Symmetrical (HP10-2Sym) Persian chain 2     -11.0+ 11.0
Half Persian 5 in 1 Symmetrical HP5-1Sym with every ring doubled.
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 12 in 2 (3QPS12-2) Persian sheet 2   -9.1+   9.1
Three Quarters Persian Sheet 6 in 1 Kinged 3QPS6-1. HP6-2 Quarters Persian sheet expansion.
Full Persian 12 in 2 (FP12-2) Persian chain 2   -9.1+   9.1
Full Persian 6 in 1 Kinged FP6-1.
Image (Kinged Spiral) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Spiral 8 in 2
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain 1 4.4 4.4 - 4.6 4.6 - 4.9 4.9
Spiral 4 in 1 Kinged Spiral4-1. Maintains spiral form at recommended ARs. (Video)
King Hoodoo Hex Spiral/Mobius hex sheet (web) 1 >4.7   5.0 - 5.4 5.0
Hoodoo Hex Kinged Hoodoo Hex. AR-sensitive.
King M3
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Spiral/Mobius hex sheet (web) 1 3.8   3.8 - 4.1+ 4.1
M3 Kinged M3.
King Brejao Flowers Spiral/Mobius square sheet 1     5.0 - 5.3 5.3
Brejao Flowers Kinged Brejao Flowers.
  Also found at M.A.I.L.:
Japanese 8 in 1
Japanese sheet 2   Partially-kinged J4-1: vertical rings doubled.
  King Byzantine European chain 3   Partially-kinged Byz: Box knots kinged, connectors not.

Scaled

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Items containing scaled ring set substitutes. Includes partially-scaled. See also Vertebrae, Garter Belt.
Paddle Wheel
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(5.4, 7.6)+ 5.4, 7.6
Helm Chain Helm Chain with the large, outer layer rings scaled. (Video)
King's Dragonscale (KDS)
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet 3     -(4.9, 7.0, 9.1)+ 4.9, 7.0, 9.1
Dragonscale DS with the large rings scaled. Same WD needs >= 2.0 AR difference in 3 successive ring sizes.
(Tutorial)
Full Persian 6 in 1 Scaled
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2   -(7.4, 9.5)+   7.4, 9.5
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with each ring scaled. A 12 in 2 weave.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Half Scaled (Karelian)
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 3   -(7.3, 9.4, 6.7)   7.3, 9.4, 6.7
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with rings on one grain scaled.
Box 4 in 1 Scaled (Box of Scales)
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 2     -(6.2, 8.3, 7.7, 9.8)+ 6.2, 8.3, 7.7, 9.8
Box Chain 4 in 1 Box with each ring set scaled.
Box 4 in 1 Half Scaled (Flat Box of Scales)
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 3     -(5.2, 7.2, 4.3)+ 5.2, 7.2, 4.3
Box Chain 4 in 1 Box with half of its ring sets scaled.
Scaled Candy Cane Cord (SCCC) European chain 2 >(5.8, 7.9) (6.4, 8.5)+   6.4, 8.5
Candy Cane Cord CCC with each ring scaled.
  Also found at M.A.I.L.:
King's Scale
European sheet 2   Scaled E4-1.
  Poor King's Scale European sheet 3   E4-1 with every other row scaled.
  Poor Queen's Scale European sheet 4   E4-1 with every other row 3-scaled.
  Poor Emperor's Scale European sheet 3   E6-1 with every other row scaled.
  Wellamo Persian chain 2   Scaled HP3-1.
  Cornithian Persian chain 3   HP3-1 with one grain scaled.
  Persian Feathers Persian sheet 3   HP3S6-1 with every other row scaled.
  Wetehinen Persian chain 2   Scaled HP4-1.

Mobius

Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Mobius (usually 3-ring) replacements of single rings. See also Spiral weave family, especially Brejao Flowers, and Dragog.
Mobius Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain 1 4.2   4.4 - 6.0 4.4
3-ring Mobius Balls connected in 2-1C series. 8 in 1 weave. 2 in 1 Chain
Flower
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain 2     3.9 - 5.5 3.9
Chain sequence of 3-ring Mobius Balls with single connector rings.
(Tutorial)
2 in 1 Chain
Daisy Chain 1
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain 2     2.4 2.4
3-ring Mobius units chained together. Contraction of Hoodoo Hex. Hoodoo Hex
Daisy Chain 2
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain 3     2.3 2.3
3-ring Mobius units bolted together by added connector rings.
Fourever Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Spiral chain 3 {2.6}   -2.9+ 2.9
4-ring Mobius units chained together by connector rings. (Video)
Fourever Chain (2)
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain 3 {4.1}**     4.6, 3.5 Kinged 4-ring Mobius units chained together by connector rings. **Connector rings minimum AR less than 4.1.
(Tutorial)
  Also found at M.A.I.L.:
Japanese Mobius
Japanese sheet 2   Mobiused J4-1.
  Infinity Chain Japanese sheet 2   Mobiused J6-1.
  Petal Maille Japanese sheet 2   J6-1 with mobiused horizontal rings.
  Parallel Flowers European chain 2   Helm Chain with large outside rings moiused.
  Mobius Sheet European sheet 2   Mobiused E4-1.
  Twisted Kings Maille European sheet 2   E8-2
  Dragon Roses European sheet 3   DS with large ring sets mobiused.
  Flowers In Cages European chain 3   Byz with every other connector ring set mobiused.
  Rose Persian 3 in 1 Persian chain 2   Mobiused HP3-1.
  Mobius Spiral Spiral chain 1   Mobiused Spiral4-1.




Additional / Last Minute Items


Image (3QP variant) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Three Quarters Persian Berus
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2     -5.3+ 5.3 3QP with its middle ring set forming of themselves 2-1C. Not filed under Berus because connections are structural when Berus typically interweaves an additional 2-1C.
Three Quarters Persian X-Back
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 3     -5.3+ 5.3 3QP with it middle ring set staggered instead of lean-rowed.
Facing Three Quarters Persian Berus Persian tube chain 2     -5.8+ 5.8
X-Back vs. Berus
2 3QP Berus strands connected with E4-1 (TE) connection on each side.
Facing Three Quarters Persian X-Back Persian tube chain 3     -5.8+ 5.8
X-Back vs. Berus
2 3QP X-Back strands connected with E4-1 (TE) connection on each side.
Three Quarters Persian Facing Three Quarters Persian Grizzly Persian tube chain 3     (5.7, 5.4)+ 5.7, 5.4
(2)
Three Quarters Persian 2 3QP strands connected with E4-1 row on each side. One 3QP strand has rings in center row forced inward, as in FP6-1G.
Image (Helm Variant) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Helm's Deep
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(3.4, 5.7)+ 3.4, 5.5, 5.7
Expands into/contraction of DS. 1 small scaled ring added to the center of each large ring pair of Helm Chain. See also Chainsaw.
Dragonscale Helm Chain Chainsaw
Chainsaw
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Orbital Japanese chain 5     -(3.8, 6.0, 4.7, 7.0)+ 3.8, 6.0, 4.7, 7.0
Helm's Deep with added, staggered, wing rings. Ring size specific.
Liberto
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(3.4, 5.5)+ 3.4, 5.5
(vs.)
Helm Chain Helm Chain with a single small ring added to every other cell. Small rings arranged as a lean row. (Video)
Liberto Staggered
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(3.4, 5.5)+ 3.4, 5.5
(vs.)
Helm Chain Helm Chain with a single small ring in every large ring cell. Small rings orient parallel to each other and alternate position. Contraction of Helm's Deep, and thus DS.
Liberto Layered
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(3.4, 5.5)+ 3.4, 5.5
(vs.)
Helm Chain Helm Chain with a single small ring in every large ring cell. Small parallel rings step up twice then back down and repeat zigzag. Contraction of Helm's Deep, and thus DS.
Kulah Khud
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(3.7, 6.1, 6.4)+ 3.7, 6.1, 6.4
Helm Chain Helm Chain with 2 small rings in every large ring cell. Each small ring pair is split into a \/ orientation.
Chronic Helm
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 4     -(3.8, 6.2, 6.4)+ 3.8, 6.2, 6.4
Helm Chain Helm Chain modification with 2-ring cell small rings now doubled with each ring making one of the connections. 3-4-3-4 cell continuation.
(Tutorial)
Chronic Helm Alternating Orbital Japanese chain 5     -(3.8, 6.2, 6.4)+ 3.8, 6.2, 6.4
Helm Chain Helm Chain modification with 2-ring cell small rings now doubled with each ring making one of the connections. 3-4-3-4 cell continuation.
Image (Dragon Tail Variant) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Gryphon
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 2       2WD
Dragon Tail DT with two small ring mirrored lean rows.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Double Dragon Tail (DDT)
(M.A.I.L. gallery)
Orbital European chain 2       2WD
Dragon Tail DT with double centered rings, layered (staggered) similar to those in DHP3-1, etc. Double Half Persian 3 in 1
Two Hours Less Dragon Tail (2HLDT) Orbital European chain 2       2WD
Dragon Tail DT with double centered rings, layered similar to those in 2HLS. Two Hours Less Sleep
One And A Half Dragon Tail (1.5DT) Orbital European chain 3       2WD
Dragon Tail DT with its centered rings layered similar to the grain of 1.5P. One And A Half Persian
One Hour Less Dragon Tail (1HLDT) Orbital European chain 3       2WD
Dragon Tail DT with its centered rings layered similar to the grain of 1HLS. One Hour Less Sleep
  potentially:
Dragon Tail Spiral
Dragon Tail Alternate Twist
Dragon Tail Elven Rope
   
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Planck's Constant 6 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain       -4.7+ 4.7 Extended Spiral weave.
Wave Function 6 in 1
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral chain       -5.3+ 5.3 Extended Spiral weave.
Voodoo Net
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral square sheet (web) 4     -(2.6, 4.9)+ 2.6, 4.9 Voodoo expanded into a square web using J3-1SW tessellation.
Orbital 2 in 1 Spiral
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Spiral chain 2     -7.9+ 7.9 2 independent, parallel 2-1Cs with each cell divided by an orbital ring, forced spiral.
Orbital 2 in 1 Alternate Twist Orbital Spiral chain 2     -7.9+ 7.9 2 independent, parallel 2-1Cs with each cell divided by an orbital ring. Alternating twist.
Flaturn Orbital Spiral chain 3 2.0, 4.0   -(2.1, 4.2)+ 2.1, 4.2
Flaturn De-spiralised Saturn. 2-1C in alternating ring sizes. Large orbit rings around small rings.
Hoodoo Messenger Web
(M.A.I.L.)
Spiral sheet 4     -4.5+ 4.5
Hoodoo Messenger Chain Hoodoo Messenger chains repeated into a sheet. Embedded 2-cell 2-1C segments become continuous chain. 2 in 1 Chain
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Helm Chain Visions (Heltic) Orbital Japanese chain
(band)
4     (-3.3, -5.5+) 3.3, 5.5
Helm Chain Helm Chain with small center rings singled, and wing rings added as in CV. Wing rings less well-behaved than those in CV. Predecessor to Camelot. Celtic Visions
Vertebrae (plus extra scale) Orbital European chain
(band)
4     (3.9, 6.1, 8.2, 5.5)+ 3.9, 6.1, 8.2, 5.5
European 4 in 1 3 rows wide E4-1 strip with rings in middle row scaled, and then scaled again.
Garter Belt (plus extra scale) Orbital European chain
(band)
4       2WD 2 rows wide double scaled E4-1 with HP2-1 AE edge connectors.
Dragon Stratum
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European chain
(band)
3     -(3.4, 5.5)+ 3.4, 5.5 Dragonsteps with large rings split into two E4-1 rows.
OVB Lace (B1)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain
(band)
3     -(3.5, 6.1)+ 3.5, 6.1
Orbital Vipera Berus (OVB) Loosely-woven OVB with small rings added to outside edge to widen it into a band. Dragonsteps with center row of small rings Berused. (Video)
OSB Lace (B1) Orbital European chain
(band)
4     -(4.2, 8.1)+ 4.2, 8.1
Orbital Super Berus (OSB) Loosely-woven OSB with small rings added to outside edge to widen it into a band.
OSB Lace Alternate (B1) Orbital European chain
(band)
4     -(4.2, 8.1)+ 4.2, 8.1
Orbital Super Berus Alternate Loosely-woven OSB Alt with small rings added to outside edge to widen it into a band.
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Twisted Orbital Square Cage Web Orbital Japanese, ? square sheet (web) 3 single: >6.9   single: -7.3+ 7.3
Orbital Square Cage Web OSCWeb with each square unit twisted 90 degrees; collapsed inward ring pairs interconnect on each side of the sheet. Two possible twist directions for each knot.
8 in 2 Orbital Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)*
Orbital Japanese sheet 3     -7.3 7.3
Expands into square sheet as OSC. *M.A.I.L. entry displays 8 in 1 version. Orbital Square Cage
Interconnected 2 in 2 Orbital Unit Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital Japanese chain
(band)
3     -(4.5, 5.3, 6.2)+ 4.5, 5.3, 6.2
Orbital Square Cage Contraction of/expands into OSC, and 8 in 1 Orbital Sheet.
(Tutorial), (2)
Hourglass Chain Orbital Japanese chain 3     -(7.0, 9.4)+ 7.0, 9.4
Orbital Square Cage Chain contraction of OSC. Hourglass Unit chain sequence. Hourglass Unit
Orbiting Byzantine
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital Japanese chain 3     -6.7+ 6.7
Hourglass Chain Hourglass Chain with each pair of orbital rings instead intersecting.
Orbiting Byzantine Alternating Orbital Japanese chain 3     -(6.7, 5.3)+ 6.7, 5.3 Orbiting Byzantine with different arrangement of orbital rings.
Orbiting Byzantine Alternating 2 Orbital Japanese chain 3     -(6.7, 5.3)+ 6.7, 5.3 Orbiting Byzantine with different arrangement of orbital rings.
Image (Orbital Hex Cage Tube) Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Orbital Hex Cage Web Tube 4 Orbital Japanese tube chain 3   7.3+   7.3
Orbital Hex Cage Web (Hourglass Web) OHCWeb 4-sided tube.
Orbital Hex Cage Web Tube 3 Orbital Japanese tube chain 3   7.5+   7.5
Orbital Hex Cage Web (Hourglass Web) OHCWeb 3-sided tube.
Orbital Hex Cage Web Tube 2 Orbital Japanese tube chain 3   8.0+   8.0
Orbital Hex Cage Web (Hourglass Web) OHCWeb 2-sided tube.
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
European Delirium
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2     3.3+ 3.3
European 4 in 1 Unbalanced 3 row E4-1U strips separated by single connection "E2-1" rows.
Delirium Interwoven Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
European tube chain 2 >3.3   -3.5+ 3.5
European Delirium 2 3-row E4-1U strips with each edge sewn up with "E2-1" (singled) connections to form a flat, 2-sided European Delirium tube.
Delirious Roundmaille
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 2 ~3.3 3.3 -3.6 3.6
European 4 in 1 2 3-row E4-1 strips with each edge sewn up with "E2-1" (singled) connections to form a flat tube.
Box 4 in 1 Overfull
(Maillepedia)
European chain 3     -5.7+ 5.7
Box Chain 4 in 1 Box + 1 added ring to the middle of each cell, alternating positions. 5-5-5-5 cell continuation. See also FP6-1 Overfull. Full Persian 6 in 1 Overfull
Box 4 in 1 Shuttle European chain 3     -5.7+ 5.7
Box Chain 4 in 1 Box + 2 added rings to the middle of every other cell with one in each grain. 6-4-6-4 cell continuation. See also FP6-1 Shuttle. Full Persian 6 in 1 Shuttle
Box 4 in 1 Half Shuttle European chain 4     -5.7+ 5.7
Box Chain 4 in 1 Box + 1 added ring to the middle of every other cell in the same grain. 5-4-5-4 cell continuation. See also FP6-1 Half Shuttle. Full Persian 6 in 1 Half Shuttle
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Niflheimr
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 2     (-3.9, 7.1)+ 3.9, 7.1 2 sets of small ring mirrored lean rows, each pair of which is scaled inside a larger ring. Larger rings alternate side of chain, and create 2 staggered lean rows.
Centrifugal
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 2     -(4.9, 7.1)+ 4.9, 7.1
4 in 2 Chain 4-2C with large, obliquely oriented scaling rings added, one per cell, each of which orbits a 4-2C cell. Otherwise Japanese-based 4-2C is pushed into somewhat European lean-row orientation.
Standing Scale
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet 3       2WD
Dragonscale DS with added smaller rings that bunch together scaled ring sets, giving the weave a very open look.
Dragon Stripe
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European sheet 3     -(3.5, 5.7) 4.0, 6.2
Dragonscale DS that is absent every other set of small rings and also every other large ring in scaled columns. (Video)
Water Dragon
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet       -(4.0, 6.9) 4.0, 6.9
Dragonscale DS variant.
(Tutorial)
Callisto Chain
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Orbital European chain 4     -(4.0, 6.2, 5.2)+ 4.0, 6.2, 5.6
Helm Chain Helm Chain modification.
(Tutorial), (Video)
Callisto Sheet
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European sheet 4     <(3.8, 6.0) 3.8, 6.0
Callisto Chain Callisto Chain expanded into a sheet.
Arcadian (R3)
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Reinforced Orbital European chain 5     -(4.0, 6.1, 6.8)+ 4.0, 6.1, 6.8 (Video)
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
European 3 in 1 Web (E3-1Web)
(M.A.I.L.)
European sheet 2     2.5 2.5 Loose and open European sheet weave. Mostly unstable.
Supersonic Waves
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain
(band)
4     (3.2, 4.3, 5.4, 6.5)+ 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0
Graduated E8-1, E6-1, E4-1 band. (Video)
European 8 in 1 European 6 in 1 European 4 in 1
European 4 in 1 Cube European (directional) dimensional 4     4.9+ 4.9
European 4 in 1 Continuously layered E4-1 sheets.
Aura Sheet Variant
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese hex sheet 5       3.2, 6.0, 6.5, 8.6
Aura Unit Aura units divided by J12-2 connections repeat into a hexagonally expanding sheet. Japanese 12 in 2
HP2/E4 Proto Hybrid Reversing Persian, European sheet 3     -4.4+ 4.4
Half Persian 2 in 1 HP2-1 rows locked in place by dividing E4-1 rows. ... European 4 in 1
Slink Persian, European chain (band) 4     -4.6+ 4.6
HP2/E4 Proto Hybrid Alternate Waves HP2/E4 Proto Hybrid Alternate Waves pushed into 'S' cross section with each outside row attached back to a previous row using 1-1 connections.
Abhainn
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain 2     -(4.0, 4.8)+ 4.0, 4.8 (Tutorial), (Video), (2)
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Half Persian 4 in 1 Twist
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian, Spiral chain 2       2WD*
Half Persian 4 in 1 HP4-1 twisted into a coil and held in place with much smaller connector rings. *2WD sample: .062" 5/16" stainless, .035" 1/8" brass.
Half Persian 4 Sheet 6 in 1 Flop Persian sheet 2     -7.2+ 6.9, 7.2
Half Persian 4 in 1 HP4-1 chain sheet with E4-1 row connections alternating on which side of the sheet they occur creating rows of rings that flop to and fro.
Full Persian 6 in 1 With Extra Rings
(M.A.I.L.)
Persian chain 2 5.5 5.5+   5.5
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 with added set of rings running up the middle of one grain.
Eye Period Questionmark 4 Sheet (I.?4S)
(M.A.I.L.)
Japanese sheet 6     -(4.8, 2.9)+ 4.8, 2.9
Eye Period Questionmark 4 Unit Sheet expansion of repeated I.?4 units.
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Inverted Round Rapture
(M.A.I.L.)
Captive European chain 3   -5.8+   5.9, 5.8
Captive Inverted Round CIR with interwoven 3 ring mobi-swirl added to each cell.
Full Persian 6 in 1 Vipera Berus
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
Persian chain (band) 2   -(7.3, 4.3)  (7.3, 4.3)+ 7.3, 4.3
Full Persian 6 in 1 FP6-1 widened with the addition of 2 2-1Cs to opposite edges of the chain.
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Byzantine Variant 1
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 4     -4.1+ 4.1
Byzantine Byz variant.
Byzantine Variant 2
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 5       3WD Byz variant.
Byzantine Variant 3
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 4       2WD Byz variant.
Byzantine X
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 5       2WD Byz variant.
Orchid
(M.A.I.L.)
(Maillepedia)
European chain
(band)
5     -4.8 - 5.0+ 4.8
(Tutorial), (Video)
Orchid 1.0
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European chain 5   -6.4 6.4  
Orchid 2.0
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 5   -6.4 6.4  
Leaning Orchid
(M.A.I.L.)
European chain 6     -6.4 6.4  
SixOrchid
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European chain 4   5.4+ 5.4  
Six Leaf Clover Variant
(M.A.I.L.)
Orbital European chain 4   5.4+ 5.4  
Image Name Family Form Ring
Types
Minimum AR Structural AR General AR Sample Note
Pheasible
(M.A.I.L.)
  chain 3     -3.2+ 3.2 Chain of simple knots.

Mage | Spiral | Extended
Japanese | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
European | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Persian | Captive | Orbital | Captive Orbital | Reinforced
Captive Chain | Tri | Tube | Band | Hybrid | King | Scaled



AR Legend

>5.5> means greater than. In this case, above 5.5.
<7.2< means less than. Below 7.2.
~6.3~ Approximately 6.3.
{3.0}Separately sourced minimum AR data. Values not tested locally.
-4.3+- before a value and/or + after means it can go lower/higher.
(4.0, 6.0)2 ring sizes used (same WD) in weave. Commas separate values.
(3.8, 6.0) - (5.2, 7.2)AR range for weave using 2 ring sizes.
2WD, 3WDMultiple wire diameters.
single: 6.6single ring size value where multiple ring size use is generally more ideal.
2 ring: (~7.4, 5.8)2 ring AR combination that can be further optimized with 3 or more ring sizes.


Minimum AR allows for infinite expansion. Some weaves can be started at a lower AR, but will eventually lock up to the point in which no further rings can be added. Weaves of 2 or more ring types can have multiple possibilities.
Structural AR refers to a range of ARs between which a weave will be completely stiff, and only allow a small arc of flexibility.
General AR focuses on ideal amounts of flexibility for common mailling purposes like jewelry, clothing, and in applicable weaves, armour.



Alphabetical Listing

2 in 1 Captive Parallel | 2 in 1 Chain | 4 in 2 Captive | 4 in 2 Captive 4 in 2 | 4 in 2 Chain | 4 Winds | 4 Winds Dodecahedron | 6 in 3 Chain | 11:00 PM Headache | A6 | Abhainn | Airplane (unit) | Alligator River | Apollo | Arcadian | Armageddon | Assyrian | Aura (unit) | Aura Sheet | Azidahaka | B^ Chain | B^2 (unit) | B3g (unit) | B8FP | Barrel | Bastardized Byz | Bee Stings | Berus | Borealis | Bore Worm | Box | Box Ate Full Persian | Boxmail | Brejao Flowers | Bumpa | Byzanclean | Byzantine : Byz Cube | Byz Dodecahedron | Byz Double Knot | Byz Ladder | Byz Ringmaille | Byz Sheet | Byz Web | | Byz X | Byzee Beez | Callisto | Candy Cane Cord | Captive 2 in 1 Chain | Captive Inverted Round | Captive Orbital Hex Cage | Captive Zen | Celtic | Celtic Byzantine | Celtic Diffusion | Celtic Labyrinth (unit) | Celtic Rosette (unit) | Celtic Roundmaille | Celtic Star (unit) | Celtic Strap | Celtic Visions | Celtic Wings | Centrifugal | Chainsaw | Chronic Helm | Cloud Cover | Cloudy Day | Cobra/Hinge | Command | Compass Rose (unit) | Conquer | Conundrum | Conundrum 2 | Corduroy | Coyote Maille | Crenelated-3 Sheet | Crescent Moon | Cross Stitch | Crossover | Cube | Cylon | Daisy | Dark Elf | December (unit) | Delirium | Delirious | Dense Byzantine Sheet | Dodecahedron | Double Maille | Double Stuff Trizantine | Dragog | Dragon Stratum | Dragon Stripe | Dragon Tail : DT3-1 | DT4-1 | DT River | DT Sheet | | Dragonback | Dragonscale | Dragonsteps | Dragontoes | Drillbit | Drunken Rhinos | Elfweave | Elven Rope | Enceladus | Enthrall | Endo | EO | Escalator | European : E3-1 | E3-1 Web | E4-1 | E4-1U | | Facing 3QP | Fieldstone | Fire Wyrm | Flat Full Persian | Flaturn | Flor de la Cantuta | Flower | Fourever | Freyja | Frog's Eggs | Full Persian : FP6 | FP8 | FP10 | FP Sheet | FP Vipera Berus | | Garter Belt | Gemini | Gobi | Gracelock | Gridbox | Gridlock | Gridlock Byzantine | Grizzly | Gryphon | GSG | Hades | Half Persian : HP2 | HP3 | HP4 | HP5 | HP6 | HP Band | HP Braid | HP Crossover | HP Flip | HP Lotus | HP Ribbed | HP Spine | HP Split | HP Waves | | Harvest Moon | Helm | Helm Chain | Helm's Deep | Helm Dodecahedron | Helm Orbiter | Helm Sheet | Helmantine | Helmi | Helmish Aura (unit) | Heltic | Hex Web | Hexa Orb | Hikaru | Hilt | Honey Bee | Honeycomb | Hoodoo | Hoodoo Dodecahedron | Hoodoo Hex | Hourglass (unit) | Hourglass Chain | Hourglass Dodecahedron | Hourglass Web | HWHAP | Ice Wyrm | Interconnected 2 in 1 Orbital Unit Chain | Interwoven | Inverted Round | Japanese : J3-1 | J4-1 | J4-1 Cube | J5-1 (dodecahedron) | J6-1 | Japanese Dragonscale | Japanorb | Jelly Cube | Jens Pind | Karelian | Karuna | Keg of Maker's Mark King's Maille | Kudzu | Kulah Khud | Kylix | Lady of the House | Levante | Liberto | Lightning (unit) | Locked Byzanclean | Locked Helmantine | Locked Twist | Louhi | Lucid | M3 | M3 Dodecahedron | M6 | Mage | Magemaille | Magus | Mercury | Messenger | Messenger Web | Minerva | Missing Half An Hour | Mobius | Mobius Ball | Moon : Moon42 | Moon Orbiter | Moon Rhino | Moon Rover | | Moorish Rose | Nereid | Nidhogg | Niflheimr | Not Tao (unit) | Not Tao 3 Dodecahedron | Not Tao 3 Sheet | Not Tao Linear | Octa Orb | Odin's Eye | One And A Half Half Persian | One And A Half Persian | One Hour Less Sleep | Oops | Orbit | Orbital | Orbital 2 in 1 Spiral | Orbital Hex Cage | Orbital Inverted Round | Orbital Sqaure Cage | Orbital Super Berus | Orbital Vipera Berus | Orbital Vipera Spiral | Orbiter | Orbiting Byzanatine | Orchid | Oriental Scale (unit) | Oriental Scale Dodecahedron | Oriental Scale Net | OVB Lace | Overfull Persian | Pacman | Paddle Wheel | Paddy's Sheet | Parallel Byz | Parallel Chain | Persian | Persian Dragonscale | Persian Dragontail | Persian Ridgeback | Persian Split | Persiantine | Pheasible | Planck's Constant | Power Grid | Power Line | Power Tower | Prejudiced Rhinos | Pterodactyl | Quadratic (unit) | Quarters Persian | Quaterzantine | Quintazantine | Rapture | Reinforced Inverted Round | Reverse Tao Flower (unit) | Rhino | Ridgeways | Rings Of Saturn | RM8HC | Rondo | Rosetta | Roundmaille | Rover | RSD | Safety In Numbers | Sandstone | Sandworm | Saturn | Scary | Screw | Sense of Humour | Serpent's Spine | Shaggy Loops | Shenanigans | Shippo Tsunagi | Six Leaf Clover | SixOrchid | Slink | Slow Worm | Soyuz | Spine | Staggered Byzantine Halves | Staggered Byzantine Sheet | Staggered Corduroy Net | Standing Scale | Supersonic Waves | Sweetpea | Symmetrical Half Persian | Syringa | Tao (unit) | Tao 3 Sheet | Tetra Orb | Tetra Orb Cube | Three And A Half Persian | Three Hours Less Sleep | Three Quarters Persian | Three Quarters Berus | Three Quarters Persian x 4 | Three Quarters X Back | Thrice | Tiffany | Tomato Sandwich | TOT Cube | Trees | Tri-Force | Triangle (unit) | Trinitymaille | Triple Maille | Trizantine | Triumvirate (unit) | Trizantine Sheet | tRNA | Trybzantine | Turkish Round | Two And A Half Persian | Two Hours Less Sleep | Uclid | Ulu | Upanishad (Unit) | Velo | Vertebrae | Vertigo | Vipera Star (unit) | Vipera Berus | Viperscale | Vires | Voodoo | Voodoo Hex | Voodoo Net | Waning Moon | Water Dragon | Wave Function | Wavelength | Windmill | Wyrm | Wyrmscale | Wyrmtail | Wyvernscale | XX-Weave | Yucca | Ziggurat | Zylar | Zymira | Zymolisis | Zyster | Zystolic