Weave Guide

Family/Form | Weave Map | AR Legend | Weave Name | Ring Type


Weaves are divided into families and introduced in this order. Each family possesses its own characteristics regarding ring interconnectivity. Weave families are subdivided by Captive, Orbital, Captive Orbital, and Reinforced where applicable. In terms of form, sheet weaves expand on two planes and cover an area. Dimensional (cube) weaves expand on three planes to occupy a volume. Finally, chain weaves expand on one plane and are made to a certain length. Sheet weaves are further divided into Square, Hex, Directional, and Chain Sheet, and also includes Webs. All of these terms are illustrated in the glossary.

Weave Map



  • 2-1C - 2 in 1 Chain (Japanese, European, Persian, Spiral)
  • 4-2C - 4 in 2 Chain
  • 6-3C - 6 in 3 Chain


  • Celtic
    • CC3 - Celtic Circe 3 ("Borealis Unit")
    • CC4 - Celtic Circe 4
    • CC5 - Celtic Circe 5
  • CWeb - Celtic Web
  • CV - Celtic Visions
    • CVC4 - Celtic Visions Circe 4
    • CVC5 - Celtic Visions Circe 5
  • CVWeb - Celtic Visions Web
  • B Web (Japanese, European)
    • B (Japanese, European)

Captive Japanese

  • C4-2C - Captive 4 in 2 Chain ("4 in 2 Captive")
  • C4-2CWeb - Captive 4 in 2 Chain Web
  • CJ#-2 - Captive Japanese in 2: CJ12-2, CJ8-2
  • #-#CC4-2C - Chain Captive 4 in 2 Chain: 2-1CC4-2C ("Captive 2 in 1 Chain"), 4-2CC4-2C ("4 in 2 Captivated 4 in 2"), 6-3CC4-2C

Orbital Japanese

Captive Orbital Japanese

  • COHC - Captive Orbital Hex Cage
    • COHCU - Captive Orbital Hex Cage Unit
  • COSCWeb - Captive Orbital Square Cage Web
    • COSCU - Captive Orbital Square Cage Unit
  • CZSF - Captive Zen Sheet Full

Reinforced Japanese



  • Box
  • RM - Roundmaille
  • TR - Turkish Round
  • IR - Inverted Round
  • QTR - Quad Turkish Round ("Celtic Roundmaille")


Captive European

  • CIR - Captive Inverted Round
  • SCIRS - Staggered Captive Inverted Round
  • CIRS - Captive Inverted Round Sheet
  • Sheet
  • QCIR - Quad Captive Inverted Round
  • SQCIRS - Staggered Quad Captive Inverted Round Sheet
  • QuintCIR - Quint Captive Inverted Round

Orbital European

Captive Orbital European

  • COBox - Captive Orbital Box

Reinforced European

  • RFBox - Reinforced Fire Box
  • RWBox - Reinforced Wind Box
  • BW - Bore Worm
  • SBWS - Staggered Bore Worm Sheet
  • QBW - Quad Bore Worm
  • QuintBW - Quint Bore Worm
  • SextBW - Sext Bore Worm
  • SeptBW - Sept Bore Worm
  • RIR - Reinforced Inverted Round
  • QRIR - Quad Reinforced Inverted Round
  • SQRIRS - Staggered Quad Reinforced Inverted Round Sheet
  • QuintRIR - Quint Reinforced Inverted Round
  • SextRIR - Sext Reinforced Inverted Round


Half Persian

Full Persian

  • DFP#-1 - Double FP in 1: DFP6-1
  • FP#-1S - FP in 1 Sheet: FP6-1S2

Hilt Chain

3/4 and 4/4 Persian

  • 4QP - Four Quarters Persian
  • 4QPS#-1 - 4QP Sheet in 1: 4QPS6-1


Captive Persian

  • CFP6-1 - Captive Full Persian 6 in 1
  • CFP6-1G - Captive Full Persian 6 in 1 Grizzly
  • CHC6-1 - Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1
  • SCHC6-1S - Staggered Captive Hilt Chain 6 in 1 Sheet

Orbital Persian

Captive Orbital Persian

  • COFP6-1 - Captive Orbital Full Persian 6 in 1

Reinforced Persian

  • FW - Fire Wyrm
  • IW - Ice Wyrm
  • WW - Wind Wyrm
  • EW - Earth Wyrm
  • HFW - Hilt Fire Wyrm
  • HTW - Hilt Thunder Wyrm
  • HLW - Hilt Lightning Wyrm
  • HWW - Hilt Wind Wyrm
  • HEW - Hilt Earth Wyrm
  • HSW - Hilt Sun Wyrm

Spiral, Units



Orbital Spiral

Unassociated Units

    • OS5 - Oriental Scale 5 (Orbital Japanese)
    • Tao 3 (Orbital Reinforced Japanese)
    • B+1 (Japanese, European)
    • Triumvirate (Japanese)

AR Legend

Minimum AR allows for infinite expansion. Sometimes a weave can be started at a lower AR, but it will eventually lock up to the point in which no more rings can be added. Multiple minimum AR possibilities exist with some weaves that use two or more ring types/sizes.

Structural AR refers to a range of ARs between which a weave will be stiff and possess structural tendencies.

General AR focuses on ideal amounts of flexibility for common mailling purposes like jewelry and clothing.

>5.5> means greater than. In this case, greater than 5.5.
<8.0< means less than. Less than 8.0.
~7.0~ means approximately. Approximately 7.0.
-4.3+- before a value means it can go lower. + after a value means it can go higher.
single: 6.6single refers to a weave made in 1 ring size that has multiple ring types and is more ideal in 2 or more ring sizes.
(4.0, 6.0)2 ring sizes used (same WD) in weave. Commas separate values.
2 ring: (~7.4, 5.8)2 ring refers to a 2-ring AR combination in a weave with 3 or more ring types that can be further optimized.
(2.1, 3.0)+2 ring sizes used, both can go higher.
(3.8, 6.0) - (5.2, 7.2)AR range for 2 ring size using weave. Can be used with +/-.
2WDVery large AR spread with single WD or otherwise impractical. Multiple wire diameters recommended or required.
N/AWeave of multiple ring sizes is impractical in a single WD.

Weave Name

Certain base weaves from a given family have an 'x in y' (with x greater than y) designation (e.g. European 4 in 1 (E4-1)) indicating how many rings pass through each ring (with different rules for the Japanese weave family). Some weave names extend those of a previous version of the weave with the addition of one or more qualifiers. E.g. Captive Japanese 8 in 2 (CJ8-2) vs. Japanese 8 in 2 (J8-2), Reinforced Inverted Round (RIR) vs. Inverted Round (IR), Three Quarters Persian Sheet (3QPS6-1) vs. Three Quarters Persian (3QP) , and Half Persian 5 in 1 Symmetrical (HP5-1Sym) vs. Half Persian 5 in 1 (HP5-1), to name a few.

Where applicable, Captive, Orbital, Orbit, or/and Reinforced precede the name of a weave. A few name changes have taken place. What was previously referred to as "4 in 2 Captive" is now called Captive 4 in 2 Chain (C4-2C). In cases where a chain is held captive, the name of the chain being held captive precedes the word Captive. Therefore the once-called "Captive 2 in 1 Chain" is now 2 in 1 Chain Captive 4 in 2 Chain (2-1CC4-2C). "4 in 2 Captivated 4 in 2" is 4 in 2 Chain Captive 4 in 2 Chain (4-2CC4-2C). Orbital rings have been further distincted by how they orbit. Orbit is now used for rings that surround rings, sets of rings, or weave segments (cells). Orbital has been preserved for those encicling connection points. Updated names for Orbit Byzantine (OrbitByz), Orbit Turkish Round (OrbitTR), and Quad Orbit Turkish Round (QOrbitTR). Only the word Orbital will be used as the descriptor for weave subfamilies.

Ring Type

Every weave is made of one or more ring types.

In their purest form, 2-1C, and its ultimate conclusion in terms of dimensional grid expansion, J4-1Cube both use a single ring type. So do straightforward directional sheet weaves like E4-1, HP3S6-1, and their standard progressions, including the unbalanced HP sheets. They are made up of alternating lean rows in which every ring shares the same connection type. Chain weaves that are "tubes" of sheet weaves, as seen with Box, and RM are also single ring type containing, as well as their progressions FP6-1, and HC6-1, and the completely inverted IR. Spiral 4-1, and its progressive successors are all of a single ring type too, and also is JPL. Naturally balanced HP4-1 and its proper progressions, as well as the strangely exotic P4-1S also share the single ring type characteristic.

All Balanced, Unbalanced, and Symmetrical Half Persian # in 1 chains have a single ring type with exceptions occurring in the "Double" (layered) versions of unbalanced HPs (DHP3-1, DHP5-1), which have inside and outside rings in each set, as well does DFP6-1 from the Full Persian camp. Standard Full Persian # in 1 chains have one ring type, but not Grizzlies of FPs based on odd HPs. FP6-1G is forced to use a grain that yields two different ring types on opposite axes. However, moving to one based on an even HP: FP8-1G balances out the up:down ratio producing a consistently flexible weave of a single ring type. All properly doubled (kinged) versions of weaves that use a single ring type have rings of a single type as well, except the already mentioned Double unbalanced Half Persians, since each ring set has an inside and outside ring.

The basic sheet weaves from the Japanese family: J6-1, J3-1, J4-1HW, J4-1, and their doubled versions each have two ring types: horizontal rings, and vertical (connector) rings. The horizontal rings pass through more rings than the vertical ones and ideally a larger ID is used. Other Japanese weaves like Celtic, CV, and their sheet expansions also have multiple ring types. In terms of directional sheets, a level of complexity, and an additional ring type is added when successive rows don't alternate. Weaves like 3QPS6-1 contain an added row before a direction shift giving the sheet ridges. A similar thing is seen in Gridlock, which has horizontal rings and sets of angled ring rows between them. Despite having two ring types, these weaves are typically made out of a single ring size.

Byzantine is made up of two ring types, since it is single Box units separated by connector rings. TR Byzantises RM similarly. Byz progression Triz adds a third ring type with those added to the middle of each Box cell. These rings are ideally larger to keep those on the outside from being slack. Quaterzantine adds yet another ring type, since the inner connector ring is ideally smaller than the outer ones. Further progressions each add an additional ring type. In some cases certain weaves are forced to use different ring sizes. The most common of these are Helm Chain, and DS. These weaves have rings which completely orbit the OD of smaller ones. This is also seen in Saturn.

All weaves with captive, orbital, and/or reinforced rings have to be composed of multiple ring types. Captive rings are held in place by cage rings. Orbital rings go around connection points (or rings/cells in the case of orbit rings), and reinforced rings pass through sets of rings in cells. Ring stacks can affect the total number of ring types in a weave. A ring stack is where rings are doubled (Kinged), tripled, quadrupled, etc. Ring stacks are found in weaves with multiples of captive, orbital, or reinforced rings per cell. Voodoo, and Voodoo Hex each contain three-ring stacks at every junction as well.

In two-ring stacks, each ring is the same. Exceptions occur with Kinged versions of unbalanced Half Persian weaves (HP6-2), since there is an outside and inside ring, which are acted upon differently. Once a third ring is introduced to a stack it adds a second ring type. There is now one inner and two outer rings. A four ring stack adds another inner ring. Five ring stacks add another ring type since they have an inner ring, two outer rings, and two intermediate ones. In the most ideal conditions, these rings are size-adjusted to compensate for what they are surrounded by, or what they surround. Ring stacks beyond three or four are uncommon. In circumstances where every ring in a stack is equally affected additional ring types are not present, no matter how many rings are in the stack.

Ring types
  • horizontal rings (Japanese)
  • vertical rings (Japanese)
  • lean row rings (European, Persian, Spiral*)
  • connector rings (Byz, TR, etc., chain sheets, webs)
  • captive rings
  • orbital rings
  • orbit rings
  • reinforced rings
  • inner (3+ ring stacks)
  • outer (3+ ring stacks)
  • intermediate (5+ ring stacks)

*Single lean row in Spiral chains.